1887

Interactional reciprocity in human–dog interaction

image of Interactional reciprocity in human–dog interaction

This chapter explores the potential existence of interactional reciprocity in human–dog interactions by analyzing experimental data on situations where dog owners fail to produce reciprocally modified actions for two minutes. We found that their dogs soon realized the strangeness of the situation. While they pursued missing feedback with touch, gaze and vocalizations, they also addressed other humans and requested their attention. Therefore, the dogs oriented to the lack of reciprocity and attempted to repair it. We demonstrate that interactional reciprocity in human–dog interactions can be breached, thus proving its existence. Moreover, we show that it also returned when the experiment ended. The findings are compared with mother–infant experiments where evidence of interactional reciprocity has also been found.

  • Affiliations: 1: University of Helsinki

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References

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  20. Naderi, Szima , Ádám Miklósi , Dóka Antal , and Vilmos Csányi
    2001 ‟Co-Operative Interactions between Blind Persons and Their Dogs.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74/2001: 59–80. 10.1016/S0168‑1591(01)00152‑6
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  21. Nagasawa, Miho , Shouhei Mitsui , Shiori En , Nobuyo Ohtani , Mitsuaki Ohta , Yasuo Sakuma , Tatsushi Onaka , Kazutaka Mogi , and Takefumi Kikusui
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    2014 ‟The Immaterial Cord: The Dog–Human Attachment Bond.” InThe Social Dog. Behaviour and Cognitioned. by Juliane Kaminski and Sarah Marshall-Pescini , 165–189. Amsterdam: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Rehn, Therese , Ragen T. S. McGowan , and Linda J. Keeling
    2013 “Evaluating the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP) to Assess the Bond between Dogs and Humans.” PLoS ONE8 (2): e56938. 10.1371/journal.pone.0056938.
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056938 [Google Scholar]
  25. Riede, Tobias , and Tecumseh Fitch
    1999 ‟Vocal Tract Length and Acoustics of Vocalization in the Comestic Dog (Canis familiaris).”Journal of Experimental Biology202: 2859–2867. 10.1242/jeb.202.20.2859
    https://doi.org/10.1242/jeb.202.20.2859 [Google Scholar]
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    1974 ‟A Simplest Systematics for the Organization of Turn-Taking for Conversation”Language50 (4): 696–735. 10.1353/lan.1974.0010
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    1974Ultrasonic Communication by Animals. London: Chapman and Hall. 10.1007/978‑94‑011‑6901‑1
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  28. Schegloff, Emanuel A.
    2007Sequence Organization in Interaction. A Primer in Conversation Analysis I. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511791208
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791208 [Google Scholar]
  29. Selting, Margret
    2010 ‟Prosody in Interaction: State of the Art.” InProsody in Interactioned. by Dagmar Barth-Weingarten , Elisabeth Reber , and Margret Selting , 3–40. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company. 10.1075/sidag.23.05sel
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.23.05sel [Google Scholar]
  30. Sidnell, Jack , and Tanya Stivers . eds.
    2013The Handbook of Conversation Analysis. Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Stern, Daniel N
    1971 ‟A Micro-Analysis of Mother–Infant Interaction.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry10 (3): 501–517. 10.1016/S0002‑7138(09)61752‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-7138(09)61752-0 [Google Scholar]
  32. Stivers, Tanya.
    2013 ‟Sequence Organization.‟ InThe Handbook of Conversation Analysis, ed. by Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers , 191–209. Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Stivers, Tanya , and Federico Rossano
    2010 ‟Mobilizing Response.” Research on Language and Social Interaction43 (1): 3–31. 10.1080/08351810903471258
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351810903471258 [Google Scholar]
  34. Stivers, Tanya , and Jack Sidnell
    2013 “Introduction.” InThe Handbook of Conversation Analysis, ed. by Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers , 1–8. Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Streeck, Ulrich
    2013 ‟Implizites Beziehungswissen.” Psychotherapeut58 (2): 143–151. 10.1007/s00278‑013‑0969‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00278-013-0969-5 [Google Scholar]
  36. Szczepek Reed, Beatrice
    2006Prosodic Orientation in English Conversation. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 2011Analysing Conversation. An Introduction to Prosody. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Taylor, Anna Magdalena , Victoria Frances Ratcliffe , Karen McComb , and David Reby
    2014 ‟Auditory Communication in Domestic Dogs: Vocal Signalling in the Extended Social Environment of a Companion Animal.” InThe Social Dog. Behaviour and Cognition, ed. by Juliane Kaminski and Sarah Marshall-Pescini , 131–163. Amsterdam: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Tiira, Katriina , and Hannes Lohi
    2014 ‟Reliability and Validity of a Questionnaire Survey in Canine Anxiety Research.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science155: 82–92. 10.1016/j.applanim.2014.03.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applanim.2014.03.007 [Google Scholar]
  40. Tomasello, Michael
    1995 ‟Joint Attention as Social Cognition.” InJoint Attention: Its Origins and Role in Development, ed. by Chris Moore and Philip J. Dunham , 103–130. New York: Psychology Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Topál, József , and Márta Gácsi
    2012 ‟Lessons We Should Learn from Our Unique Relationship with Dogs: An Ethological Approach.” InCrossing Boundaries. Investigating Human–Animal Relationships, ed. by Lynda Birke and Jo Hockenhull , 163–186. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Tronick, Edward , Heidelise Als , Lauren Adamson , Susan Wise , and Berry T. Brazelton
    1978 ‟The Infant’s Response to Entrapment between Contradictory Messages in Face-to-Face Interaction.” Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry17 (1): 1–13. 10.1016/S0002‑7138(09)62273‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-7138(09)62273-1 [Google Scholar]
  43. Volodina, Elena V. , Ilya A. Volodin , and Olga A. FilatovA
    2006 ‟The Occurrence of Nonlinear Vocal Phenomena in Frustration Whines of the Domestic Dog (Canis familiaris).” InAdvances in Bioacoustics 2, Dissertationes Classis IV: Historia Naturalis, ed. by Matija Gogala and Tomi Trilar . Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Ljubljana), XLVII-3, 257–270.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Walker, Gareth
    2013 ‟Phonetics and Prosody in Conversation.‟ InThe Handbook of Conversation Analysis, ed. by Jack Sidnell and Tanya Stivers , 455–474. Malden: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
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