1887

The In-Situ Approach to Sluicing

image of The In-Situ Approach to Sluicing

It has been standardly claimed since Merchant (2001) that island violations can be repaired by simply deleting the categories that induce such violations, as witnessed by sluicing, an ellipsis construction that deletes TP with a remnant wh-phrase. This book aims to argue that such “repair by ellipsis” is simply a myth. Alternatively, the author argues for what is called the in-situ approach to sluicing, originally proposed by Kimura (2007, 2010), according to which the remnant wh-phrase in sluicing stays in situ. This approach immediately explains the island-insensitivity of sluicing, since no overt wh-movement is involved in the derivation of this construction. Hence, it challenges the approach in terms of island repair by ellipsis in that it nullifies the necessity of a repair mechanism. This book makes an important contribution to the field in providing an alternative way of approaching ellipsis phenomena that are claimed to induce “island repair.”

References

  1. Abe, Jun
    1993Binding Conditions and Scrambling without A/A’ Distinction. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 1996 Ellipsis: Deletion, copying or both?InKeio Studies in Theoretical Linguistics I, Yuji Nishiyama & Yukio Otsu (eds), 49–87. Tokyo: Institute of Cultural and Linguistic Studies, Keio University.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 2002a On the displacement property of language and minimality. Ms., Tohoku Gakuin University.
  4. 2002b Absorption in Japanese multiple wh-questions. InMinimalization of Each Module in Generative Grammar, Report for Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, 1–49. Sendai: Tohoku Gakuin University.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 2005 An economy condition on scrambling. InA Minimalist View of Components in Generative Grammar, Report for Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, 1–65. Sendai: Tohoku Gakuin University.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2006 Licensing conditions in ellipsis. InA Minimalist View of Components in Generative Grammar 2, Report for Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, 1–49. Sendai: Tohoku Gakuin University.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2010 The EPP and subject extraction. JELS27: 1–10. Tokyo: The English Linguistic Society of Japan.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 2014 Antecedent-contained deletion in Japanese: Support for the VP-ellipsis analysis. Ms., Tohoku Gakuin University.
  9. . to appear(a). Make short answers shorter: Support for the in-situ approach. To appear inSyntax.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. . to appear(b). How to probe expletives. To appear inStudia Linguistica.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Abe, Jun & Hoshi, Hiroto
    1997 Gapping and P-stranding. Journal of East Asian Linguistics6(1): 101–136. doi: 10.1023/a:1008240005018
    https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1008240005018 [Google Scholar]
  12. 1999 Directionality of movement in ellipsis resolution in English and Japanese. InFragments: Studies in Ellipsis and Gapping, Shalom Lappin & Elabbas Benmamoun (eds), 193–226. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700248469
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700248469 [Google Scholar]
  13. Abe, Jun & Hornstein, Norbert
    2012 ‘Lasnik-effects’ and string-vacuous ATB movement. InWays of Structure Building, Myriam Uribe-Etxebarria & Vidal Valmala (eds), 169–205. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0008
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199644933.003.0008 [Google Scholar]
  14. Abe, Jun & Nakao, Chizuru
    2012 String-vacuity under Japanese right node raising. InProceedings of FAJL 5, Matthew A. Tucker , Anie Thompson , Oliver Northrup & Ryan Bennett (eds), 1–14. Cambridge MA: MITWPL, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Abels, Klaus
    2003Successive-Cyclicity, Anti-Locality, and Adposition Stranding. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Agbayani, Brian
    2006 Pied-piping, feature movement, and wh-subjects. InWh-Movement: Moving on, Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng & Norbert Corver (eds), 71–93. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Agüero-Bautista, Calixto
    . Diagnosing cyclicity in sluicing. Linguistic Inquiry38(3): 413–443. doi: 10.1162/ling.2007.38.3.413
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling.2007.38.3.413 [Google Scholar]
  18. Bobaljik, Jonathan D
    1995Morphosyntax: The Syntax of Verbal Inflection. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Boecks, Cedric & Sugisaki, Koji
    1999 How to get a free ride: Additional scrambling effect and the Principle of Minimal Compliance. InProceedings of the 18th West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Sonya Bird , Andrew Carnie , Jason D. Haugen & Peter Norquest (eds), 43–54. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Bošković, Željko
    2002 A-movement and the EPP. Syntax5(3): 167–218. doi: 10.1111/1467‑9612.00051
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9612.00051 [Google Scholar]
  21. 2014 Now I’m a phase, now I’m not a phase: On the variability of phases with extraction and ellipsis. Linguistic Inquiry45(1): 27–89. doi: 10.1162/ling_a_00148
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00148 [Google Scholar]
  22. Cheng, Lisa Lai-Shen
    1991On the Typology of Wh-Questions. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Chomsky, Noam
    1965Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 1971 Some empirical issues in the theory of transformational grammar. InGoals of Linguistic Theory, Stanley Peters (ed), 63–130. Englewood Cliffs NJ: Prentice-Hall.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 1986Barriers. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.9793/elsj1984.6.213
    https://doi.org/10.9793/elsj1984.6.213 [Google Scholar]
  26. 1993 A minimalist program for linguistic theory. InThe View from Building 20: Essays in Linguistics in Honor of Sylvain Bromberger, Ken Hale & Samuel Jay Keyser (eds), 1–52. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.2307/416329
    https://doi.org/10.2307/416329 [Google Scholar]
  27. 1995 Categories and transformations. InThe Minimalist Program, Noam Chomsky , 219–394. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.1017/s0272263197241070
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0272263197241070 [Google Scholar]
  28. 2000 Minimalist inquiries: The framework. InStep by Step: Essays on Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik, Roger Martin , David Michaels & Juan Uriagereka (eds), 89–155. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226702271625
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226702271625 [Google Scholar]
  29. Chomsky, N
    2008 On phases. InFoundational Issues in Linguistic Theory: Essays in Honor of Jean-Roger Vergnaud, Robert Freiden , Carlos P. Otero & Maria Luisa Zubizarreta (eds), 133–166. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/9780262062787.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  30. Chung, Sandra , Ladusaw, William A. & McCloskey, James
    1995 Sluicing and Logical Form. Natural Language Semantics3(3): 239–282. doi: 10.1007/bf01248819
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01248819 [Google Scholar]
  31. van Craenenbroeck, Jeroen & den Dikken, Marcel
    2006 Ellipsis and EPP repair. Linguistic Inquiry37(4): 653–664. doi: 10.1162/ling.2006.37.4.653
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling.2006.37.4.653 [Google Scholar]
  32. Fiengo, Robert & May, Robert
    1994Indices and Identity. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700000840
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700000840 [Google Scholar]
  33. Fox, Danny & Lasnik, Howard
    2003 Successive-cyclic movement and island-repair: The difference between sluicing and VP-ellipsis. Linguistic Inquiry34(1): 143–154. doi: 10.1162/002438903763255959
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438903763255959 [Google Scholar]
  34. Fukaya, Teruhiko
    2002 Island (in)sensitivity in Japanese sluicing and stripping and some implications. InProceedings of the 22nd West Coast Conference on Formal Linguistics, Gina Garding & Mimu Tsujimura (eds),179–192. Somerville MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Fukui, Naoki
    1986A Theory of Category Projection and Its Applications. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Funakoshi, Kenshi
    2014 Verb-stranding verb phrase ellipsis in Japanese. Ms., University of Maryland.
  37. George, Leland
    1980Analogical Generalizations of Natural Language Syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Griffiths, James & Lipták, Anikó
    2014 Contrast and island sensitivity in clausal ellipsis. Syntax17(3): 189–234. doi: 10.1111/synt.12018
    https://doi.org/10.1111/synt.12018 [Google Scholar]
  39. Groat, Erich & O’Neil, John
    1996 Spell-Out at the LF interface: Achieving a unified syntactic computational system in the minimalist framework. InMinimal Ideas: Syntactic Studies in the Minimalist Framework, Werner Abraham , Samuel David Epstein , Hoskuldur Thráinsson & Jan-Wouter Zwart (eds), 113–139. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/la.12
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.12 [Google Scholar]
  40. Hartman, Jeremy
    2007 Focus, Deletion, and Identity: Investigations of Ellipsis in English. MA Thesis, Harvard University.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 2011 The semantic uniformity of traces: Evidence from ellipsis parallelism. Linguistic Inquiry42(3): 367–388. doi: 10.1162/ling_a_00050
    https://doi.org/10.1162/ling_a_00050 [Google Scholar]
  42. Hartman, Jeremy & Ai, Ruixi Ressy
    2009 A focus account of swiping. InSelected Papers from the 2006 Cyprus Syntaxfest, Kleanthes K. Grohmann & Phoevos Panagiotidis (eds), 92–122. New Castle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Hasegawa, Hiroshi
    2006 On swiping. English Linguistics23(2): 433–445. doi: 10.9793/elsj1984.23.433
    https://doi.org/10.9793/elsj1984.23.433 [Google Scholar]
  44. Hasegawa, Nobuko
    2005 The EPP materialized first, Agree later: Wh-questions, subjects and mo ‘also’-phrases. Scientific Approaches to Language4: 33–80. Kanda University of International Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. 2006 Sluicing and truncated wh-questions. InIn Search of the Essence of Language Science: Festschrift for Professor Heizo Nakajima on the Occasion of His Sixtieth Birthday, Yubun Suzuki , Keizo Mizuno & Kenichi Takami (eds), 453–470. Tokyo: Hituzi Shobo.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Heim, Irene
    1982The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Higginbotham, James & May, Robert
    1981 Questions, quantifiers and crossing. The Linguistic Review1(1): 41–80. doi: 10.1515/tlir.1981.1.1.41
    https://doi.org/10.1515/tlir.1981.1.1.41 [Google Scholar]
  48. Hoji, Hajime
    1987 Japanese clefts and reconstruction/chain binding effects. Paper presented atWCCFL 6 held at University of Arizona.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Holmberg, Anders
    2000 Scandinavian stylistic fronting: How any category can become an expletive. Linguistic Inquiry31(3): 445–483. doi: 10.1162/002438900554406
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438900554406 [Google Scholar]
  50. Hornstein, Norbert
    2009A Theory of Syntax: Minimal Operations and Universal Grammar. New York: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511575129
    https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511575129 [Google Scholar]
  51. Huang, C.-T. James
    1982Logical Relations in Chinese and the Theory of Grammar. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. İnce, Atakan
    2012 Fragment answers and islands. Syntax15(2): 181–214. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑9612.2011.00162.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9612.2011.00162.x [Google Scholar]
  53. Jackendoff, Ray
    1971 Gapping and related rules. Linguistic Inquiry2(1): 21–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. 1972Semantic Interpretation in Generative Grammar. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700004394
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700004394 [Google Scholar]
  55. Jaeggli, Osvaldo A
    1980 Remarks on to contraction. Linguistic Inquiry11(1): 239–245.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Kimura, Hiroko
    2007 Interface Conditions and Triggers of Pied-Piping: A Case Study of Sluicing. MA Thesis, Tohoku Gakuin University.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. 2010 A wh-in-situ strategy for sluicing. English Linguistics27(1): 43–59. doi: 10.9793/elsj.27.1_43
    https://doi.org/10.9793/elsj.27.1_43 [Google Scholar]
  58. 2013 MaxElide and economy. English Linguistics30(1): 49–74. doi: 10.9793/elsj.30.1_49
    https://doi.org/10.9793/elsj.30.1_49 [Google Scholar]
  59. Koizumi, Masatoshi
    1995Phrase Structure in Minimalist Syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 2000 String vacuous overt verb raising. Journal of East Asian Linguistics9(3): 227–285. doi: 10.1023/A:1008311420647
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008311420647 [Google Scholar]
  61. Kuwabara, Kazuki
    1997 On the properties of truncated clauses in Japanese. InResearching and Verifying an Advanced Theory of Human Language, Report (1) for the Grant-in-Aid for COE Research, 61–83. Chiba, Japan: Kanda University of International Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Lasnik, Howard
    1995 A note on pseudogapping. InMIT Working Papers in Linguistics 27: Papers on Minimalist Syntax, Rob Pensalfini & Hiroyuki Ura (eds), 143–163. Cambridge MA: MITWPL, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. 1999 Pseudogapping puzzles. InFragments: Studies in Ellipsis and Gapping, Shalom Lappin & Elabbas Benmamoun (eds), 141–174. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700248469
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700248469 [Google Scholar]
  64. 2001 When can you save a structure by destroying it?InProceedings of North East Linguistic Society 31, Minjoo Kim & Uri Strauss (eds), 301–320. Amherst MA: GLSA, University of Massachusetts.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. 2008 Repair by ellipsis revisited. Lectures given atNanzan University.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. 2014 Multiple sluicing in English?Syntax17(1): 1–20. doi: 10.1111/synt.12009
    https://doi.org/10.1111/synt.12009 [Google Scholar]
  67. Lasnik, Howard & Saito, Mamoru
    1992 Move α: Conditions on Its Application and Output. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Lobeck, Ann
    1990 Functional heads as proper governors. InProceedings of North East Linguistic Society 20, Juli Carter (ed), 348–362. Amherst MA: GLSA, University of Massachusetts.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. 1995Ellipsis: Functional Heads, Licensing, and Identification. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.2307/416284
    https://doi.org/10.2307/416284 [Google Scholar]
  70. Merchant, Jason
    2001The Syntax of Silence: Sluicing, Islands, and the Theory of Ellipsis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  71. 2004 Fragments and ellipsis. Linguistics and Philosophy27(6): 661–738. doi: 10.1007/s10988‑005‑7378‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10988-005-7378-3 [Google Scholar]
  72. 2008 Variable island repair under ellipsis. InTopics in Ellipsis, Kyle Johnson (ed), 132–153. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511487033.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511487033.006 [Google Scholar]
  73. Nakao, Chizuru
    2009Island Repair and Non-Repair by PF Strategies. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. Nakao, Chizuru & Yoshida, Masaya
    2005 Japanese sluicing as a specificational pseudo-cleft. InProceedings of the 6th Tokyo Conference on Psycholinguistics, Yukio Otsu (ed), 243–267. Tokyo: Hituzi Shobo.
    [Google Scholar]
  75. 2007 ‘Not-so-propositional’ islands and their implications for swiping. InProceedings of the thirty-fourth Western Conference on Linguistics, Erin Bainbridge & Brian Agbayani (eds), 322–333. Fresno CA: California State University.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. Nishigauchi, Taisuke
    1998 ‘Multiple sluicing’ in Japanese and the functional nature of wh-phrases. Journal of East Asian Linguistics7(2): 121–152. doi: 10.1023/a:1008246611550
    https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1008246611550 [Google Scholar]
  77. Nishigauchi, Taisuke & Fujii, Tomohiro
    2006 Short answers: Ellipsis, connectivity, and island repair. Ms., Kobe Shoin Graduate School and University of Maryland.
  78. Nishiyama, Kunio , Whitman, John & Yi, Eun-Young
    1996 Syntactic movement of overt wh-phrases in Japanese and Korean. InJapanese/Korean Linguistics 5, Noriko Akatsuka , Shoichi Iwasaki & Susan Strauss (eds), 337–351. Stanford CA: CSLI Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. Reinhart, Tanya
    1991 Elliptic conjunctions − Non-quantificational LF. InThe Chomskyan Turn, Asa Kasher (ed), 360–384. Cambridge MA: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  80. 1997 Quantifier-scope: How labor is divided between QR and choice functions. Linguistics and Philosophy20(4): 335–397. doi: 10.1023/A:1005349801431
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1005349801431 [Google Scholar]
  81. Rizzi, Luigi
    1990Relativized Minimality. Cambridge MA: MIT Press. doi: 10.9793/elsj1984.8.154
    https://doi.org/10.9793/elsj1984.8.154 [Google Scholar]
  82. Rizzi, Luizi
    1997 The fine structure of the left periphery. InElements of Grammar: Handbook of Generative Syntax, Liliane Haegeman (ed), 281–331. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700238462
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700238462 [Google Scholar]
  83. Rizzi, Luigi
    2006 On the form of chains: Criterial positions and ECP effects. InWh-Movement: Moving on, Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng & Norbert Corver (eds), 97–133. Cambridge MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. Rizzi, Luigi & Shlonsky, Ur
    2007 Strategies for subject extraction. InInterfaces + Recursion = Language?, Uli Sauerland & Hans-Martin Gärtner (eds), 115–160. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  85. Ross, John
    1967Constraints on Variables in Syntax. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  86. Ross, John R
    1969 Guess who?InPapers from the Fifth Regional Meeting of Chicago Linguistic Society, Robert I. Binnick , Alice L. Davison , Georgia M. Green & Jerry L. Morgan (eds), 252–286. Chicago: University of Chicago.
    [Google Scholar]
  87. Sabbagh, Joseph
    2007 Ordering and linearing rightward movement. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory25(2): 349–401. doi: 10.1007/s11049‑006‑9011‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-006-9011-8 [Google Scholar]
  88. Saito, Mamoru
    1989 Scrambling as semantically vacuous A′-movement. InAlternative Conceptions of Phrase Structure, Mark A. Baltin & Anthony S. Kroch (eds), 182–200. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. doi: 10.1017/s0022226700012536
    https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022226700012536 [Google Scholar]
  89. 1994 Additional-WH effects and the adjunction site theory. Journal of East Asian Linguistics3(3): 195–240. doi: 10.1007/bf01733064
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01733064 [Google Scholar]
  90. Saito, Mamoru & Murasugi, Keiko
    1990 N′-deletion in Japanese. University of Connecticut Working Papers in Linguistics3: 87–107.
    [Google Scholar]
  91. Sauerland, Uli
    1996 Guess how?InProceedings of ConSOLE IV, João Costa , Rob Goedemans & Ruben van Vijver (eds), 297–309. Leiden: Leiden University.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. Sauerland, Uli & Elbourne, Paul
    2002 Total reconstruction, PF movement, and derivational order. Linguistic Inquiry33(2): 283–319. doi: 10.1162/002438902317406722
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438902317406722 [Google Scholar]
  93. Schuyler, Tamara
    2001 Wh-movement out of the site of VP ellipsis. Ms., University of California, Santa Cruz.
  94. Schwarzschild, Roger
    1999 Givenness, AvoidF and other constraints on the placement of accent. Natural Language Semantics7(2): 141–177. doi: 10.1023/A:1008370902407
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1008370902407 [Google Scholar]
  95. Sohn, Keun-Won
    1994 Adjunction to argument, free ride and a minimalist program. InFormal Approaches to Japanese Linguistics 1, MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 24, Masatoshi Koizumi & Hiroyuki Ura (eds), 315–334. Cambridge MA: MITWPL, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  96. Stepanov, Arthur & Tsai, Wei-Tien Dylan
    2008 Cartography and licensing of wh-adjuncts: A cross-linguistic perspective. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory26(3): 589–638. doi: 10.1007/s11049‑008‑9047‑z
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11049-008-9047-z [Google Scholar]
  97. Szabolcsi, Anna & Zwarts, Frans
    1993 Weak islands and an algebraic semantics for scope taking. Natural Language Semantics1(3): 235–284. doi: 10.1007/bf00263545
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00263545 [Google Scholar]
  98. Takahashi, Daiko
    1993 Movement of wh-phrases in Japanese. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory11(4): 655–678. doi: 10.1007/bf00993016
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00993016 [Google Scholar]
  99. 1994aMinimality of Movement. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Connecticut.
    [Google Scholar]
  100. 1994b Sluicing in Japanese. Journal of East Asian Linguistics3(3): 265–300. doi: 10.1007/bf01733066
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01733066 [Google Scholar]
  101. Takano, Yuji
    2000 Illicit remnant movement: An argument for feature-driven movement. Linguistic Inquiry31(1): 141–156. doi: 10.1162/002438900554325
    https://doi.org/10.1162/002438900554325 [Google Scholar]
  102. 2002 Surprising constituents. Journal of East Asian Linguistics11(3): 243–301. doi: 10.1023/a:1016011311546
    https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1016011311546 [Google Scholar]
  103. Takita, Kensuke
    2010Cyclic Linearization and Constraints on Movement and Ellipsis. Ph.D. dissertation, Nanzan University.
    [Google Scholar]
  104. Tancredi, Christopher
    1992Deletion, Deaccenting, and Presupposition. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  105. Tsai, W.-T. Dylan
    1994On Economizing the Theory of A′-Dependencies. Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.
    [Google Scholar]
  106. Yatsushiro, Kazuko
    1996 On the unaccusative construction and nominative Case licensing. Ms., University of Connecticut.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/books/9789027268631
Loading
/content/books/9789027268631
dcterms_subject,pub_keyword
-contentType:Journal -contentType:Chapter
10
5
Chapter
content/books/9789027268631
Book
false
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error