The Mighty Child

Time and power in children's literature

image of The Mighty Child

The Mighty Child offers an existentialist approach to the theorization and criticism of children’s literature, nuancing the academic claim that children’s literature, specifically defined as ‘didactic’, alienates childhood from adulthood and disempowers its implied child reader. This volume recentres the theoretical debate around the constructions of time and power which characterize conceptions of childhood and adulthood in children’s literature. The ‘hidden’, didactic adult of children’s literature, this volume argues, is not solely the dictatorial planner of the child’s future, but also a disempowered entity, yearning for unpredictability in the semi-educational, semi-aesthetic endeavor of the children’s book. Leaning on current work in the field of children’s literature theory, on French phenomenological existentialism, and on the philosophy and sociology of childhood, The Mighty Child is addressed to contemporary theorists and critics of children’s literature.


  1. Blume, Judy
    2005Forever. Basingstoke: Young Picador.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brière-Haquet, Alice & Larchevêque, Lionel
    2008La princesse qui n’aimait pas les princes. Arles: Actes Sud.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Browne, Anthony
    1986Piggybook. London: Walker.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 1992Zoo. London: Red Fox.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 1999Voices in the Park. London: Doubleday.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Burningham, John
    2003Granpa. London: Random House.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Campanari, José & Cisneros, Jesus
    2008Y Yo Qué Puedo Hacer? Pontevedra: OQO.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Carroll, Lewis
    1871Through the Looking-Glass. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Cohn, Diana & Delgado, Francisco
    2005¡Si, se puede! Yes, we can! Janitor Strike in L.A. El Paso TX: Cinco Puntos.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Cole, Babette
    1986Princess Smartypants. London: Puffin.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Cronin, Doreen & Lewin, Betsy
    2002aClick, Clack, Moo! Cows That Type. London: Simon & Schuster.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 2002bGiggle, Giggle, Quack. New York NY: Simon & Schuster.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 2004Duck For President. New York NY: Simon & Schuster.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Greder, Armin
    2007The Island. Crows Nest NSW: Allen & Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hargreaves, Roger
    2008Mr Tickle. London: Egmont (originally published 1971).
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Martins, Isabel Minhós & Carvalho, Bernardo
    2013Depressa, devagar. Carcavelos: Planeta Tangerina.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. McKee, David
    1978Tusk Tusk. London: Andersen.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Milne, A.A
    2004When We Were Very Young. London: Egmont (originally published 1924).
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Rowling, J.K
    1997Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. 2007Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. 2008The Tales of Beedle the Bard. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. de Saint Exupéry, Antoine
    2009The Little Prince, translated from French by Katherine Woods . London: Egmont (Le petit prince, 1945).
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Schami, Rafik & Könnecke, Ole
    2003Wie ich Papa die Angst vor Fremden nahm. Munich: Hanser.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2003Mon papa a peur des étrangers, translated from German by Carole Gündogar-Taithe. Geneva: La joie de lire.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Shelton, Dave
    2013A Boy and a Bear in a Boat. Oxford: David Fickling.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sendak, Maurice
    2000Where the Wild Things Are. London: Red Fox (originally published 1963).
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Serres, Alain & Bonnani, Silvia
    2009Quand nous aurons mangé la planète. Paris: Rue du Monde.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Seven, John & Christy, Jana
    2012A Rule Is To Break: A Child’s Guide To Anarchy. San Francisco CA: Manic D. Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Slodovnick, Avi & Gauthier, Manon
    2008La carie. Montréal: Les 400 Coups.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Speed, Toby & Root, Barry
    2000Brave Potatoes. New York NY: G. P. Putnam.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Wilson, Jacqueline
    1996Double Act. London: Corgi.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Abate, Michelle Ann
    2009 ‘One state, two state, red state, blue state’: Bringing partisan politics to picturebooks in Katharine DeBrecht’s Help! Mom! series. The Lion and the Unicorn33(1): 77–103. doi: 10.1353/uni.0.0446
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.0.0446 [Google Scholar]
  33. 2010Raising Your Kids Right: Children’s Literature and American Political Conservatism. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Agosto, Denise
    1999 One and inseparable: Interdependent storytelling in picture storybooks. Children’s Literature in Education30(4): 267–280. doi: 10.1023/A:1022471922077
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1022471922077 [Google Scholar]
  35. Alanen, Leena
    2001 Explorations in generational analysis. InConceptualizing Child-Adult Relations, Leena Alanen & Berry Mayall (eds), 11–22. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Ariès, Philippe
    1962Centuries of Childhood: A Social History of Family Life. Translated from French by Robert Baldick . New York NY: Knopf ( L’enfant et la vie familiale sous l’Ancien Régime, 1960).
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Arizpe, Evelyn & Styles, Morag
    2003Children Reading Pictures: Interpreting Visual Texts. London: RoutledgeFalmer.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Arp, Kristina
    2003 Simone de Beauvoir’s existentialism: Freedom and ambiguity in the human world. InThe Cambridge Companion to Existentialism, Steven Crowell (ed.), 252–273. Cambridge: CUP.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Bader, Barbara
    1976American Picturebooks from Noah’s Ark to The Beast Within. New York NY: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Barthes, Roland
    1964Essais critiques. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 1973Le plaisir du texte. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Bauer, Nancy
    2006 Beauvoir’s Heideggerian ontology. InThe Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir, M. A. Simons (ed.), 65–91. Indianapolis IN: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Beauvais, Clémentine
    2013 The problem of power: Metacritical implications of aetonormativity for children’s literature research. Children’s Literature in Education44(1): 74–86. doi: 10.1007/s10583‑012‑9182‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10583-012-9182-3 [Google Scholar]
  44. 2015 “I’m not used to writing about me. It’s always us”: Double acts in Jacqueline Wilson’s metafictional novels. InJacqueline Wilson, New Casebook, Lucy Pearson (ed.). Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. de Beauvoir, Simone
    1947Pour une morale de l’ambiguïté, suivi de Pyrrhus et Cinéas. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. 1948Ethics of Ambiguity, translated from French by Bernard Frechtman . New York NY: Carol ( Pour une morale de l’ambiguïté, 1947).
    [Google Scholar]
  47. 1963Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter, translated from French by James Kirkup . London: Penguin ( Mémoires d’une jeune fille rangée, 1958).
    [Google Scholar]
  48. 1997The Second Sex, translated from French by H. M. Parshley . London: Vintage ( Le deuxième sexe, 1949).
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Beckett, Sandra
    2012Crossover Picturebooks: A Genre for All Ages. New York NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Beisel, Audrey & Wojcik-Andrews, Ian
    1993 The politics of children’s literature criticism. The Lion and the Unicorn17(2): 220–225. doi: 10.1353/uni.0.0043
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.0.0043 [Google Scholar]
  51. Bergson, Henri
    1992Creative Evolution, translated from French by Arthur Mitchell . New York NY: Henry Holt ( L’évolution créatrice, 1907).
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Biagioli, Nicole
    2001 Le dialogue avec l’enfance dans Le petit prince . Etudes littéraires33(2): 27–42. doi: 10.7202/501291ar
    https://doi.org/10.7202/501291ar [Google Scholar]
  53. Biesta, Gert
    2006Beyond Learning: Democratic Education for a Human Future. London: Paradigm.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Bingham, Charles
    2008Authority Is Relational. Rethinking Educational Empowerment. Albany NY: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Blake, William
    1970[1789]Songs of Innocence and Experience. Oxford: OUP.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Bonnett, Michael & Cuypers, Stefaan
    2003 Autonomy and authenticity in education. InThe Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education, Nigel Blake , Paul Smeyers , Richard Smith & Paul Standish (eds), 326–340. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Booth, Wayne
    1991The Rhetoric of Fiction. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Butler, Catherine
    2013 Critiquing Calypso: Authorial and academic bias in the reading of a young adult novel. Children’s Literature in Education44(3): 264–279. doi: 10.1007/s10583‑012‑9189‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10583-012-9189-9 [Google Scholar]
  59. Camus, Albert
    1946The Outsider, translated from French by Stuart Gilbert . London: Hamish Hamilton ( L’étranger, 1942).
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 1960The Plague, translated from French by Stuart Gilbert . Harmondsworth: Penguin ( La peste, 1947).
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Card, Claudia
    2003 Introduction: Beauvoir and the ambiguity of ‘ambiguity’ in ethics. InThe Cambridge Companion to Simone de Beauvoir, Claudia Card (ed.), 1–23. Cambridge: CUP. doi: 10.1017/CCOL0521790964.001
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521790964.001 [Google Scholar]
  62. Cartier, Didier
    2008La vie ou le sens de l’inaccompli chez Nicolas Grimaldi. Paris: L’Harmattan.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Coats, Karen
    2004Looking Glasses and Neverlands: Lacan, Desire, and Subjectivity in Children’s Literature. Iowa City IA: University of Iowa Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Colabucci, Lesley & Parsons, Linda
    2008 To be a writer: Representations of writers in recent children’s novels. The Reading Teacher62(1): 44–52. doi: 10.1598/RT.62.1.5
    https://doi.org/10.1598/RT.62.1.5 [Google Scholar]
  65. Cook, Daniel T
    2002 Interrogating symbolic childhood. InSymbolic Childhood, Daniel T. Cook (ed.), 1–14. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Crittenden, Charles
    1991Unreality: The Metaphysics of Fictional Objects. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Defoe, Daniel
    1994[1719]Robinson Crusoe. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Denis, Benoît
    2000Littérature et engagement. De Pascal à Sartre. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Deutscher, Penelope
    2008The Philosophy of Simone de Beauvoir: Ambiguity, Conversion, Resistance. Cambridge: CUP. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511490507
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511490507 [Google Scholar]
  70. Doonan, Jane
    1993Looking at Pictures in Picture Books. Stroud: Thimble Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  71. Eco, Umberto
    1995Six Walks Through the Fictional Woods. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. Evans, Janet
    . Interview with Anthony Browne. InTalking Beyond the Page: Reading and Responding to Picturebooks, Janet Evans (ed.) 44–61. Abingdon: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. 2011 Do you live a life of Riley? Thinking and talking about the purpose of life in picturebook responses. New Review of Children’s Literature and Librarianship17(2): 189–209. doi: 10.1080/13614541.2011.624959
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13614541.2011.624959 [Google Scholar]
  74. Fermaud, Jacques
    1946 L’inquiétude chez Antoine de Saint Exupéry. PMLA61(4): 1201–1210. doi: 10.2307/459112
    https://doi.org/10.2307/459112 [Google Scholar]
  75. Fish, Stanley
    1980Is There a Text in this Class? The Authority of Interpretive Communities. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. 1981 Why no one’s afraid of Wolfgang Iser (Review of The Act of Reading: A Theory of Aesthetic Response). Diacritics11(1): 2–13. doi: 10.2307/464889
    https://doi.org/10.2307/464889 [Google Scholar]
  77. Freire, Paulo
    1998Pedagogy of Hope, translated from Portuguese (Brazilian) by Robert R. Barr . New York NY: Continuum ( Pedagogía da esperança, 1992).
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Gagnon, Laurence
    1973 Webs of concern: The little prince and Charlotte’s web. Children’s Literature2: 61–66. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0419
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0419 [Google Scholar]
  79. Galbraith, Mary
    2001 Hear my cry: A manifesto for an emancipatory childhood studies approach to children’s literature. The Lion and the Unicorn25(2): 187–205. doi: 10.1353/uni.2001.0019
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.2001.0019 [Google Scholar]
  80. Genette, Gérard
    1997Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation, translated from French by Jane E. Lewin . Cambridge: CUP ( Seuils, 1987). doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511549373
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511549373 [Google Scholar]
  81. Golding, William
    1954Lord of the Flies. London: Faber.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. Goldthorpe, Rhiannon
    1992 Understanding the committed writer. InThe Cambridge Companion to Sartre, Christina Howells (ed.), 140–176. Cambridge: CUP. doi: 10.1017/CCOL0521381142.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521381142.006 [Google Scholar]
  83. Graham, Judith
    1990Pictures on the Page. Sheffield: National Association for the Teaching of English.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. Greene, Maxine
    1974 Literature, existentialism, and education. InExistentialism and Phenomenology in Education: Collected Essays, Daniel Denton (ed.), 63–86. New York NY: Teachers College Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  85. Grimaldi, Nicolas
    1992Le désir et le temps. Paris: Vrin.
    [Google Scholar]
  86. 2013Les theorèmes du moi. Paris: Grasset.
    [Google Scholar]
  87. Gubar, Marah
    2013 Risky business: Talking about children in children’s literature criticism. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly38(4): 450–457. doi: 10.1353/chq.2013.0048
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chq.2013.0048 [Google Scholar]
  88. Hallberg, Kristin
    1982 Litteraturvetenskapen och bilderboksforskningen. Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap3(4): 163–168.
    [Google Scholar]
  89. Halpin, David
    2003Hope and Education: The Role of the Utopian Imagination. London: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203468012
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203468012 [Google Scholar]
  90. Hammond, Brean S
    1993 “Mind the Gap”: A comment on Lothar Cerny. Connotations3(1): 72–78.
    [Google Scholar]
  91. Harrison, Bernard
    1993 Gaps and stumbling-blocks in Fielding: A response to Cerny, Hammond and Hudson. Connotations3(3): 79–84.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. Heidegger, Martin
    2011Being and Time, translated from German by John Macquarrie & Edward Robinson (1962) Oxford: Blackwell ( Sein und Zeit, 1927).
    [Google Scholar]
  93. Hendrick, Harry
    1997 Constructions and reconstructions of British childhood: An interpretative survey, 1800 to the present. InConstructing and Reconstructing Childhood, Allison James & Alan Prout (eds), 34–62. Abingdon: RoutledgeFalmer.
    [Google Scholar]
  94. Higonnet, Margaret R
    2000 A pride of pleasures. Children’s Literature28: 30–37. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0208
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0208 [Google Scholar]
  95. Hillel, Margot
    2007 Performing politics: Children as conscience. InTime Everlasting: Representations of Past, Present and Future in Children’s Literature, Pat Pinsent (ed.), 247–256. Lichfield: Pied Piper.
    [Google Scholar]
  96. Hollindale, Peter
    1988Ideology and the Children’s Book. Stroud: Thimble Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  97. 1997Signs of Childness in Children’s Books. Stroud: Thimble Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  98. 2011The Hidden Teacher: Ideology and Children’s Reading. Stroud: Thimble Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. Hubler, Angela E
    2010 Faith and hope in the feminist political novel for children: A materialist feminist analysis. The Lion and the Unicorn34(1): 57–75. doi: 10.1353/uni.0.0487
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.0.0487 [Google Scholar]
  100. Inglis, Fred
    1971 Reading children’s novels: Notes on the politics of literature. Children’s Literature in Education2(2): 60–75. doi: 10.1007/BF01262765
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01262765 [Google Scholar]
  101. Iser, Wolfgang
    1974The Implied Reader. Patterns of Communication in Prose Fiction from Bunyan to Beckett, translated from German. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press ( Der implizite Leser: Kommunikationsformen des Romans von Bunyan bis Beckett, 1972).
    [Google Scholar]
  102. 1978Act of Reading: A Theory of Aesthetic Response, translated from German. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul ( Akt des Lesens, 1978).
    [Google Scholar]
  103. Lacan, Jacques
    1975Encore. Paris: Seuil.
    [Google Scholar]
  104. Lakoff, George & Johnson, Mark
    1980Metaphors We Live By. Chicago IL: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  105. Lamarque, Peter & Olsen, Stein H
    1994Truth, Fiction, and Literature: A Philosophical Perspective. Oxford: Clarendon.
    [Google Scholar]
  106. Latimer, Bonnie
    2009 Leaving little to the imagination: The mechanics of didacticism in two children’s adaptations of Samuel Richardson’s novels. The Lion and the Unicorn33(2): 167–188. doi: 10.1353/uni.0.0463
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.0.0463 [Google Scholar]
  107. Lesnik-Oberstein, Karín
    1994Children’s Literature: Criticism and the Fictional Child. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  108. 1998 Childhood and textuality: Culture, history, literature. InChildren in Culture: Approaches to Childhood, Karín Lesnik-Oberstein (ed.), 1–28. London: Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230376205
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230376205 [Google Scholar]
  109. 1999 Essentials: What is children’s literature? What is a child? In Understanding Children’s Literature, Peter Hunt (ed.), 15–29. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  110. Lévy, Bernard-Henri
    2000Le siècle de Sartre: Enquête philosophique. Paris: Grasset.
    [Google Scholar]
  111. Low, David E
    2012 “Spaces invested with content”: Crossing the “gaps” in comics with readers in school. Children’s Literature in Education43: 368–385. doi: 10.1007/s10583‑012‑9172‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10583-012-9172-5 [Google Scholar]
  112. Magritte, René
    1936La Clairvoyance (painting). Magritte Museum, Brussels.
    [Google Scholar]
  113. McCallum, Robin & Stephens, John
    2011 Ideology and children’s literature. InHandbook of Research on Children’s and Young Adult Literature, Shelby A. Wolf , Karen Coats , Patricia Enciso & Christine Jenkins (eds), 359–371. New York NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  114. McGillis, Roderick
    1996The Nimble Reader: Literary Theory and Children’s Literature. New York NY: Twayne.
    [Google Scholar]
  115. 2000 The pleasure of the process: Same place but different. Children’s Literature28: 15–21. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0668
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0668 [Google Scholar]
  116. Mickenberg, Julia
    2006Learning From the Left: Children’s Literature, the Cold War, and Radical Politics in the United States. Oxford: OUP.
    [Google Scholar]
  117. Mickenberg, Julia & Nel, Philip
    2008Tales For Little Rebels: A Collection of Radical Children’s Literature. New York NY: New York University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  118. 2011 Radical children’s literature now!Children’s Literature Association Quarterly36(4): 445–473. doi: 10.1353/chq.2011.0040
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chq.2011.0040 [Google Scholar]
  119. Mitchell, Bonner
    1960 ‘Le Petit Prince’ and ‘Citadelle’: Two experiments in the didactic style. The French Review33(5): 454–461.
    [Google Scholar]
  120. More, Thomas
    2012[1516]Utopia, translated by Dominic Baker-Smith . London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  121. Morris, Van Cleve
    1966Existentialism in Education. New York NY: Harper & Row.
    [Google Scholar]
  122. Mourão, Sandie
    2013 The fluidly integrated practice of hand lettering in the work of Bernardo Carvalho. Conference paper at Text, Image et Ideology: Picturebooks as Meetingplaces , Stockholm, 12–15 September 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  123. Nikolajeva, Maria
    2000From Mythic to Linear: Time in Children’s Literature. Oxford: Scarecrow Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  124. Nikolajeva, Maria & Scott, Carole
    2003How Picturebooks Work. New York NY: Garland.
    [Google Scholar]
  125. Nikolajeva, Maria
    2002bThe Rhetoric of Character in Children’s Literature. London: Scarecrow.
    [Google Scholar]
  126. 2005Aesthetic Approaches to Children’s Literature: An Introduction. Oxford: Scarecrow.
    [Google Scholar]
  127. 2009 Theory, post-theory, and aetonormative theory. Neohelicon36(1): 13–24. doi: 10.1007/s11059‑009‑1002‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11059-009-1002-4 [Google Scholar]
  128. 2010aPower, Voice and Subjectivity in Literature for Young Readers. New York NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  129. 2010b The identification fallacy: Perspective and subjectivity in children’s literature. InTelling Children’s Stories: Narrative Theory and Children’s Literature, Mike Cadden (ed.), 187–208. Lincoln NB: University of Nebraska Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  130. Nodelman, Perry
    1988Words About Pictures: The Narrative Art of Children’s Picturebooks. Athens GA: University of Georgia Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  131. 1992 The other: Orientalism, colonialism, and children’s literature. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly17(1): 29–35. doi: 10.1353/chq.0.1006
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chq.0.1006 [Google Scholar]
  132. 1994a Hunt with a canon. Children’s Literature Association Quarterly19(4): 193–194. doi: 10.1353/chq.0.0886
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chq.0.0886 [Google Scholar]
  133. 1994b Humane ideology. Children’s Literature22: 173–178. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0622
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0622 [Google Scholar]
  134. 2000 Pleasure and genre: Speculations on the characteristics of children’s fiction. Children’s Literature28: 1–14. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0563
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0563 [Google Scholar]
  135. 2008The Hidden Adult: Defining Children’s Literature. Baltimore MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  136. Nussbaum, Martha
    1995Poetic Justice: The Literary Imagination and Public Life. Boston MA: Beacon Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  137. Odom, Eric
    <2012 Obama buddy Bill Ayers endorses guidebook to anarchy written for children. www.libertynews.com/2012/11/obama-buddy-bill-ayers-endorses-guidebook-to-anarchy-written-for-children/ (19 November 2012).
  138. Pantaleo, Sylvia
    2004 The long, long way: Young children explore the Fabula and Syuzhet of Shortcut . Children’s Literature in Education35(1): 1–20. doi: 10.1023/B:CLID.0000018897.74948.2a
    https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CLID.0000018897.74948.2a [Google Scholar]
  139. 2012 Exploring grade 7 students’ responses to Shaun Tan’s The Red Tree . Children’s Literature in Education43: 51–71. doi: 10.1007/s10583‑011‑9156‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10583-011-9156-x [Google Scholar]
  140. Paul, Lissa
    2005 Feminism revisited. InUnderstanding Children’s Literature, Peter Hunt (ed.), 114–127. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  141. Pinsent, Pat
    2005 Language, genres and issues: The socially committed novel. InModern Children’s Literature: An Introduction, Kimberley Reynolds (ed.), 191–208. New York NY: Macmillan.10.1007/978‑0‑230‑21149‑0_13
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-21149-0_13 [Google Scholar]
  142. Proust, Marcel
    2011[1906]Sur la lecture. Paris: Sillage.
    [Google Scholar]
  143. Prout, Alan & James, Allison
    1997a A new paradigm for the sociology of childhood? Provenance, promise and problems. InConstructing and Reconstructing Childhood, Allison James & Alan Prout (eds), 7–33. Abingdon: RoutledgeFalmer.
    [Google Scholar]
  144. 1997b Re-presenting childhood: Time and transition in the study of childhood. InConstructing and Reconstructing Childhood, Allison James & Alan Prout (eds), 230–250, Abingdon: RoutledgeFalmer.
    [Google Scholar]
  145. Rayner, Shoo
    2013 The Carnegie medal. Can children have their prize back please? www.shoorayner.com/the-carnegie-medal-can-children-have-their-prize-back-please/ (28 December 2013).
  146. Reynolds, Kimberley & Yates, Paul
    1998 Too soon: Representations of childhood death in literature for children. InChildren in Culture: Approaches to Childhood, Karín Lesnik-Oberstein (ed.), 151–177. London: Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230376205_6
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230376205_6 [Google Scholar]
  147. Reynolds, Kimberley
    2005a Introduction. InModern Children’s Literature: An Introduction, Kimberley Reynolds (ed.), 1–7. New York NY: Macmillan.10.1007/978‑0‑230‑21149‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-21149-0 [Google Scholar]
  148. 2005b Sociology, politics, the family: Children and families in Anglo-American children’s fiction, 1920–60. InModern Children’s Literature: An Introduction, Kimberley Reynolds (ed.), 23–41. New York NY: Macmillan.10.1007/978‑0‑230‑21149‑0_3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-230-21149-0_3 [Google Scholar]
  149. 2007Radical Children’s Literature: Future Visions and Aesthetic Transformations in Juvenile Fiction. London: Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230206205
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230206205 [Google Scholar]
  150. Rose, Jacqueline
    1984The Case of Peter Pan. Or, the Impossibility of Children’s Fiction. London: Macmillan. doi: 10.1007/978‑1‑349‑17385‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-17385-3 [Google Scholar]
  151. Rosset, Clément
    1984Le réel et son double. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  152. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques
    1968The Social Contract, translated from French by Maurice Cranston . London: Penguin ( Du contrat social, 1762).
    [Google Scholar]
  153. 1992Discourse on the Origins of Inequality, translated from French by Judith R. Bush . London: University Press of New England ( Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité parmi les hommes, 1755).
    [Google Scholar]
  154. Rudd, David
    2005 Theorising and theories: How does children’s literature exist?InUnderstanding Children’s Literature, Peter Hunt (ed.), 15–29. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  155. 2013Reading the Child in Children’s Literature: An Heretical Approach. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.10.1007/978‑1‑137‑32236‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-137-32236-4 [Google Scholar]
  156. Rudrum, David
    2006 Introduction – Literature and philosophy: The contemporary interface. InLiterature and Philosophy: A Guide to Contemporary Debates, David Rudrum (ed.), 1–8. London: Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/9780230598621
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230598621 [Google Scholar]
  157. Sainsbury, Lisa
    2013Ethics in British Children’s Literature. London: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  158. Sarland, Charles
    2005 Critical tradition and ideological positioning. InUnderstanding Children’s Literature, Peter Hunt (ed.), 30–49. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  159. Sartre, Jean-Paul
    1948aExistentialism and Humanism, translated from French by Philip Mairet . London: Methuen ( L’existentialisme est un humanisme, 1946).
    [Google Scholar]
  160. 1948bQu’est-ce que la littérature?Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  161. 1950What is Literature?, translated from French by Bernard Frechtman . Milton Park: Routledge ( Qu’est-ce que la littérature? 1948).
    [Google Scholar]
  162. 1958Being and Nothingness, translated from French by Hazel E. Barnes . London: Routledge ( L’être et le néant, 1943).
    [Google Scholar]
  163. 1960The Transcendence of the Ego: An Existentialist Theory of Consciousness, translated by F. Williams & R. Kirkpatrick . New York NY: Hill and Wang ( La transcendance de l’ego, 1934).
    [Google Scholar]
  164. 1963Nausea, translated from French by Robert Baldick . London: Penguin ( La nausée, 1938).
    [Google Scholar]
  165. 2004Critique of Dialectical Reason, translated from French by Alan Sheridan-Smith . London: Verso ( Critique de la raison dialectique, 1960).
    [Google Scholar]
  166. 2011[1948] Orphée noir. InAnthologie de la nouvelle poésie nègre et malgache de langue française, Léopold Sédar-Senghor (ed.), ix–xliii. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    [Google Scholar]
  167. Scholz, Sally
    2010 That all children should be free: Beauvoir, Rousseau, and childhood. Hypatia25(2): 394–411. doi: 10.1111/j.1527‑2001.2010.01102.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1527-2001.2010.01102.x [Google Scholar]
  168. Schwarcz, Joseph
    1982Ways of the Illustrator: Visual Communication in Children’s Literature. Chicago IL: American Library Association.
    [Google Scholar]
  169. Sipe, Lawrence
    2008 First graders interpret David Wiesner’s The Three Pigs: A case study. InPostmodern Picturebooks: Play, Parody, and Self-Referentiality, Lawrence Sipe & Sylvia Pantaleo (eds), 223–237. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  170. 2011 The art of the picturebook. InHandbook of Research on Children’s and Young Adult Literature, Shelby A. Wolf , Karen Coats , Patricia Enciso & Christine Jenkins (eds), 238–252. Abingdon: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  171. Smedman, Sara
    1988 Springs of hope: Recovery of primordial time in ‘mythic’ novels of young readers. Children’s Literature16: 91–107. doi: 10.1353/chl.0.0345
    https://doi.org/10.1353/chl.0.0345 [Google Scholar]
  172. Stephens, John
    1992Language and Ideology in Children’s Fiction. London: Pearson.
    [Google Scholar]
  173. 2003 Editor’s introduction: Always facing the issues – Preoccupations in Australian children’s literature. The Lion and the Unicorn27(2): v–xvii. doi: 10.1353/uni.2003.0026
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.2003.0026 [Google Scholar]
  174. Styles, Morag & Watson, Victor
    (eds) 1996Talking Pictures: Pictorial Texts and Young Readers. London: Hodder & Stoughton.
    [Google Scholar]
  175. Sutherland, Robert D
    1985 Hidden persuaders: Political ideologies in literature for children. Children’s Literature in Education16(3): 143–157. doi: 10.1007/BF01141757
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01141757 [Google Scholar]
  176. Swift, Jonathan
    2003Gulliver’s Travels. London: Penguin (originally published 1726).
    [Google Scholar]
  177. Tatar, Maria
    2009Enchanted Hunters: The Power of Stories in Childhood. New York NY: WW Norton.
    [Google Scholar]
  178. Toker, Leona
    1994 If everything else fails, read the instructions: Further echoes of the reception-theory debate. Connotations4(1–2): 151–164.
    [Google Scholar]
  179. Trites, Roberta Seelinger
    2000Disturbing the Universe: Power and Repression in Adolescent Literature. Iowa City IA: University of Iowa Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  180. Voltaire
    2003[1759]Candide, ou l’Optimisme. Paris: Gallimard.
    [Google Scholar]
  181. Wake, Paul
    2009 Waiting in the Hundred Acre Wood: Childhood, narrative and time in A. A. Milne’s works for children. The Lion and the Unicorn33(1): 26–43. doi: 10.1353/uni.0.0440
    https://doi.org/10.1353/uni.0.0440 [Google Scholar]
  182. Walsh, Sharon
    1993 The multi-layered picturebook. InThe Power of the Page: Children’s Books and Their Readers, Pat Pinsent (ed.), 15–22. London: David Fulton.
    [Google Scholar]
  183. Watson, Victor
    2007 Time and knowledge in children’s literature. InTime Everlasting: Representations of Past, Present and Future in Children’s Literature, Pat Pinsent (ed.), 23–35. Lichfield: Pied Piper.
    [Google Scholar]
  184. Whitehead, Alfred North
    1979Process and Reality. An Essay in Cosmology. New York NY: Free Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  185. Williams, Forrest & Kirkpatrick, Robert
    1960 Translators’ introduction. In Jean-Paul Sartre , The Transcendence of the Ego, 11–30. New York NY: Hill and Wang.
    [Google Scholar]
  186. Wordsworth, William
    1983[1807] ‘Ode’. InPoems, in Two Volumes, and Other Poems, 1800–1807, Jared Curtis (ed.). Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  187. Yokota, Junko
    2011 Awards in literature for children and adolescents. InHandbook of Research on Children’s and Young Adult Literature, Shelby A. Wolf , Karen Coats , Patricia Enciso & Christine Jenkins (eds), 467–478. New York NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  188. Zipes, Jack
    2001Sticks and Stones: The Troublesome Success of Children’s Literature from Slovenly Peter to Harry Potter. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  189. 2008 Introduction. InTales For Little Rebels: A Collection of Radical Children’s Literature, Julia Mickenberg & Philip Nel (eds), vii–ix. New York NY: New York University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  190. Zornado, Joseph
    2001Inventing the Child. Culture, Ideology, and the Story of Childhood. New York NY: Taylor and Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
-contentType:Journal -contentType:Chapter
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error