1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2665-9336
  • E-ISSN: 2665-9344
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Dimasa (ISO 639-3 dis) is a Bodo-Garo language within the Tibeto-Burman family of languages. Like other Tibeto-Burman languages of Northeast India, it has a system of numeral classifiers which occur prefixed to their respective numerals. Across the dozen or so languages of Bodo-Garo, it has been noted that the classifier-numeral word can be placed either before or after the counted noun. The existence of numeral classifiers, as well as the order may have arisen in this area due to contact with Tai languages during the Ahom kingdom period from the 1200’s to 1800’s. In the Tai languages, classifiers precede the number “one”. By comparing occurrences of classifiers in Dimasa texts, it can be seen that the order N corresponds to definite nouns, while the order marks indefinites. In addition to classifier placement, Dimasa definiteness is also marked by demonstratives, case marking, topic marking, and/or combinations of these strategies.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/alal.22007.eva
2023-01-26
2024-05-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
    (1994) Classifiers in Tariana. Anthropological Linguistics, 407–465.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. (2000) Classifiers: A typology of noun categorization devices. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (2021) One of a kind: on the utility of specific classifiers. Cognitive Semantics7(2), 232–257. 10.1163/23526416‑07020001
    https://doi.org/10.1163/23526416-07020001 [Google Scholar]
  4. Aikhenvald, Alexandra. Y.
    Forthcoming. A guide to gender and classifiers. Oxford University Press
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Barz, R. K., and Diller, A. V.
    (1985) Classifiers and standardisation: some South and South-East Asian comparisons. Papers in Southeast Asian Linguistics No. 9: Language policy, language planning and sociolinguistics in South-East Asia. Pacific Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Basumatary, Guddu P.
    (2015) Numeral classifiers in Bodo. Nepalese Linguistics, 301,19–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Burling, Robbins
    (1961) A Garo Grammar. Deccan College Postgraduate and Research Institute.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Van Breugel, Seino
    (2014) A grammar of Atong. Brill. 10.1163/9789004258938
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004258938 [Google Scholar]
  9. Debbarma, Biman
    (2015) Word order in Kokborok. Language in India, 15(5). 51–58.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. DeLancey, Scott
    (2011) “Optional” “ergativity” in Tibeto-Burman languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 34(2), 9–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dixon, Robert M. W.
    (2003) Demonstratives: A cross-linguistic typology. Studies in Language27(1), 61–112. 10.1075/sl.27.1.04dix
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.27.1.04dix [Google Scholar]
  12. Emeneau, Murray B.
    (1956) India as a lingustic area. Language2 (1), 3–16. 10.2307/410649
    https://doi.org/10.2307/410649 [Google Scholar]
  13. Evans, Jonathan P.
    (2022) Classifiers before numerals: Origin of an atypical morpheme order. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 45(1), 1–21. 10.1075/ltba.21013.eva
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.21013.eva [Google Scholar]
  14. Evans, Jonathan P., and Langthasa, Dhrubajit
    (2023) Dimasa language: structure and texts. Language and Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Gurdon, P. R. T.
    (1904) The Morans. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal731, 36–48.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Haokip, Pauthang, and Daimalu Brahma
    (2018) Differential Case Marking in Bodo. Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society11(1), i–xiv.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Hyslop, Gwendolyn
    (2008) Newar Classifiers: A summary of the literature. Newah Vijaanan (Journal of Newar Studies) 61, 28–41.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Jacquesson, F. and van Breugel, S.
    (2017) The linguistic reconstruction of the past: The case of the Boro-Garo languages. Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, 40(1), 90–122. 10.1075/ltba.40.1.04van
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ltba.40.1.04van [Google Scholar]
  19. Joseph, Umbavu V.
    (2007) Rabha. Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Li, Xuping, and Bisang, Walter
    (2012) Classifiers in Sinitic languages: From individuation to definiteness-marking. Lingua, 122(4), 335–355. 10.1016/j.lingua.2011.12.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2011.12.002 [Google Scholar]
  21. Langthasa, Dhrubajit, and Evans, Jonathan P.
    (2018) Numeral Classifier and Word Order in Dimasa and Bodo-Garo. InProceedings of the 51st International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Lyons, Christopher
    (1999) Definiteness. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511605789
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511605789 [Google Scholar]
  23. Malone, Terry
    (2004) Classifiers in Chimila (Chibchan). Nominal classification, Special issue of Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung57(2/3), 117–143. 10.1524/stuf.2004.57.23.144
    https://doi.org/10.1524/stuf.2004.57.23.144 [Google Scholar]
  24. Morey, S.
    (2005) The Tai languages of Assam--a grammar and texts. Pacific Linguistics, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, The Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Xu, Liejiong
    (1995) Definiteness effects on Chinese word order. Cahiers de linguistique-Asie orientale, 24(1), 29–48. 10.3406/clao.1995.1465
    https://doi.org/10.3406/clao.1995.1465 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/alal.22007.eva
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/alal.22007.eva
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Bodo-Garo; constituent order; definite; indefinite
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error