1887
Volume 3, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2665-9336
  • E-ISSN: 2665-9344
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Classifiers are morphemes which occur under specifiable conditions and which categorise nominal referents in terms of their animacy, shape, and other properties. The most widely represented type is numeral classifiers, which occur next to a number word or a quantifier. Further types include noun classifiers, verbal classifiers, classifiers in possessive constructions, and deictic classifiers. One language can have more than one type of classifier. In some, the same set of classifiers occurs in several classifier contexts, corroborating the unity of the phenomenon. Classifiers categorise nouns, and have to be distinguished from verbal action markers used to categorise and count actions. Classifiers have a variety of functions, and are never semantically redundant. Classifiers mirror social attitudes and hierarchies, physical environment and means of subsistence, and are susceptible to change in language contact situations. Contributions to this issue adress the systems and the functions of numeral classifiers and also classifiers in multiple contexts across Asia and beyond, including Austronesian languages of Taiwan, a selection of Tibeto-Burman (or Trans-Himalayan) languages, Zhuang, a Tai-Kadai language, and Kazakh, a Turkic language.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/alal.22022.aik
2023-01-26
2024-06-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
    2000Classifiers: a typology of noun categorization devices. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2015 Oxford Bibliography Online: Classifiers (refereed updateable resource with summaries and evaluation for each entry). General Editor: Mark Aronoff. New York: Oxford University Press (online).
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 2016How gender shapes the world. Oxford: Oxford Universty Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198723752.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  4. 2019 ‘Noun categorization devices: a cross-linguistic perspective’, inA. Y. Aikhenvald and Elena Mihas (eds.), Genders and classifiers: a cross-linguistic study. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.1–29. 10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0001 [Google Scholar]
  5. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
    ForthcomingA guide to gender and classifiers. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y., R. M. W. Dixon, and Nerida Jarkey
    2021 Integration.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bai, Junwei
    2019 ‘Numeral classifiers in Munya, a Tibeto-Burman language’, pp.282–98ofGenders and classifiers: a cross-linguistic study, edited byAlexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Elena Mihas. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0010
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0010 [Google Scholar]
  8. 2020 ‘A grammar of Munya’. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Becker, Anton J.
    1975 ‘A linguistic image of nature: the Burmese numerative classifier system’. Linguistics1651: 109–121.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Beckwith, Christopher I.
    1998 ‘Noun Specification and Classification in Uzbek’, Anthropological Linguistics401: 124–140.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bisang, Walter
    2017 ‘Classification between Grammar and Culture. A Cross-Linguistic Perspective’, pp.199–230 of Classification from Antiquity to Modern Times, edited byTanja Pommerrening and Walter Bisang. Berlin: De Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110538779‑007
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110538779-007 [Google Scholar]
  12. Braun, Friederike
    2000Geschlecht im Türkischen. Untersuchungen zum sprachlichen Umgang mit einer sozialen Kategorie. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Chao, Yuen-Ren
    1968A grammar of spoken Chinese. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Day, C.
    1973The Jacaltec language. Indiana University Publications. Language Science monographs 12. 10.1515/9783110891904
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110891904 [Google Scholar]
  15. Downing, Pamela
    1996Numeral Classifier Systems: The Case of Japanese. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sidag.4
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.4 [Google Scholar]
  16. Enfield, N. J.
    2021The langages of Mainland Southeast Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781108605618
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108605618 [Google Scholar]
  17. Gerner, Matthias
    2015 ‘Verb classifiers in East Asia’, Functions of Language211: 267–296. 10.1075/fol.21.3.01ger
    https://doi.org/10.1075/fol.21.3.01ger [Google Scholar]
  18. Givón, T.
    1981 ‘On the development of numeral ‘one’ as an indefinite marker’, Folia Linguistica Historica21: 35–53. 10.1515/flih.1981.2.1.35
    https://doi.org/10.1515/flih.1981.2.1.35 [Google Scholar]
  19. Haas, Mary R.
    1942 ‘The use of numeral classifier in Thai,’ Language181: 201–205. 10.2307/409553
    https://doi.org/10.2307/409553 [Google Scholar]
  20. Heine, Bernd and Kuteva, Tania
    2002The world lexicon of grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511613463
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613463 [Google Scholar]
  21. Jarkey, Nerida and Hiroko Komatsu
    2019 Numeral classifiers in Japanese. InAlexandra Y. Aikhenvald and Elena Mihas (eds.), Genders And Classifiers: A Cross-Linguistic Typology, 249–81. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0009
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198842019.003.0009 [Google Scholar]
  22. Kilarski, Marcin
    2013Nominal Classification A history of its study from the classical period to the present. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sihols.121
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sihols.121 [Google Scholar]
  23. Lee, Yunseok
    2014Classifiers In Korean. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Lu, Tian-Qiao
    2012Classifiers in Kam-Tai languages. A cognitive and cultural perspective. Boca Raton: Universal Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Mahapatra, B. P.
    1979Malto. An Ethnosemantic Study. Manasagangotro, Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Marnita, Rina
    2016Classifiers in Minangkabau: a typological study. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Poser, William J.
    2005 ‘Noun classification in Carrier,’ Anthropological Linguistics471: 143–68.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Rice, Keren and Willem de Reuse
    2017 ‘The Athabaskan (Dene) language family’, pp.707–747 of The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Typology, edited byAlexandra Y. Aikhenvald and R. M. W. Dixon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316135716.023
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316135716.023 [Google Scholar]
  29. Sneddon, James N.
    1996Indonesian reference grammar. Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Zavala, Roberto
    2000 ‘Multiple classifier systems in Akatek Mayan’, pp.114–46, Systems of nominal classification, edited byG. Senft. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Zhang, Sihong
    2016A grammar of Ersu. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Zubin, D. and M. Shimojo
    1993 ‘How “general” are general classifiers? with special reference to ko and tsu in Japanese’, inJ. S. Guenter, B. A. Kaiser and C. C. Zoll (eds.) Proceedings of theBerkeley Linguistics Society: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting191: 490–502. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society. 10.3765/bls.v19i1.1508
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v19i1.1508 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/alal.22022.aik
Loading
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error