Volume 16, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


In this paper student Case Notes are analysed to exemplify the degrees of linguistic intricacy that come into play within the context of legal discourse – the ‘target discourse-and to demonstrate that apprenticeship into this particular academic discourse community involves more than familiarisation with content specific material on the one hand and the control of common English structural conventions on the other. The discussion sets out to show that the intricate and often ‘hidden’ (as in ‘not made explicit’) linguistic demands academic discourses impose on NESB students need to be brought out into the open to highlight and clarify the association between specific lexicogrammatical realisations and generic meanings in the discourse. The paper concludes by emphasising the need for linguistically informed assistance for NESB learners at the tertiary level.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Bloch, M.
    (1974) Political language and oratory in traditional society. New York, Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. (1989) Ritual, history and power. London, Athlone Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Canseco, G. and P. Byrd
    (1989) Writing required in graduate courses in business administration. TESOL Quarterly23,2:17–39. doi: 10.2307/3587338
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3587338 [Google Scholar]
    DILGEA (1991) Movements database, sighted in exports of educational services. Industry Commission Draft Report.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Drury, H. and C. Webb
    (1989) Using text analysis strategies to improve student writing. In H. Edwards and S. Barraclough (eds) Research and development in higher education. Vol2, Sydney, HERDSA.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Flower, L.
    (1979) Writer-based prose: a cognitive basis for problems in writing. College English41:19–37. doi: 10.2307/376357
    https://doi.org/10.2307/376357 [Google Scholar]
  7. Frazer, J.G.
    (1922) The golden bough: A study in magic and religion. New York, Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Halliday, M.
    (1978) Language as a social semiotic. London, Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. (1985a) Introduction to functional grammar. London, Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (1985b) Spoken and written language. Geelong, Deakin University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Halliday, M. and R. Hasan
    (1985) Language, text and context: aspects of language in a social-semiotic perspective. Geelong, Deakin University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Horowitz, D.
    (1986) What professors really require: Academic tasks for the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly20,4:445–462. doi: 10.2307/3586294
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3586294 [Google Scholar]
  13. Johns, A.
    (1990) L1 composition theories: Implications for developing theories for L2 composition. In B.M. Kroll (ed.) Second language writing. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524551.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524551.006 [Google Scholar]
  14. Iedema, R.
    (1991) A legal judgment: Structure and language choice (Deane J.’s Hawkins v. Clayton Judgment [1987-88] 164 CLR 549)Unpublished M.A. paper, University of Sydney.
  15. Kroll, B.
    (ed.) (1990) Second language writing: Research insights for the classroom. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524551
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524551 [Google Scholar]
  16. Martin, J.
    (1985) Factual writing: Exploring and challenging social reality. Geelong, Deakin University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (1992) English text: System and structure. Amsterdam, John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.59
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.59 [Google Scholar]
  18. (forthcoming) Life as a noun: Arresting the universe in science and humanities. University of Sydney, mimeo.
  19. Phillips, D.
    (1990) Overseas students and their impact on the changing face of professional education in universities. Paper delivered atthe 1990 AARE annual conference at University of Sydney.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Purves, A.
    (1986) Rhetorical communities, the international student and basic writing. Journal of Basic Writing5:16–24.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rowe Krapels, A.
    (1990) Overview of second language writing process research. in B. Kroll (ed) Second language writing: Research insights for the classroom. CUP, Cambridge. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524551.007
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524551.007 [Google Scholar]
  22. Rutherford, W.
    (1987) Second language grammar: Learning and teaching. London, Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Silva, T.
    (1990) Second language composition instruction: Developments, issues, and directions in ESL.In B.M. Kroll (ed.) Second language writing. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139524551.005
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524551.005 [Google Scholar]
  24. Swales, J.
    (1990) Genre analysis: English in academic and research settings. CUP, Cambridge.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. (1987) Utilizing the literatures in teaching the research paper. TESOL Quarterly21:1:41–67. doi: 10.2307/3586354
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3586354 [Google Scholar]
  26. Webb, C. , and H. Drury
    (1991) The literacy needs of students in higher education. Position paper for the Project of National Significance on the Pre-service Preparation of Teachers of English Literacy.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error