Volume 17, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


Student writers in Hong Kong have a distinctive style in ordering their thoughts for academic essay assignments which consists of frequent prefacing of their points with cohesive conjunctions. Applied linguists in Hong Kong have studied this use of conjunction to ascertain how it differs from native speaker use, to gauge the extent to which teaching, textbooks and transfer are influential and to analyse the extent of misuse and unnecessary use. This work is reviewed with close attention to Halliday and Hasan’s (1976) cohesion theory and further research directions and teaching implications are presented in the light of this theory.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Arndt, V.
    (1990) Writing in first and second languages: comparisons and contrasts. Research ReportNo.1. Hong Kong, City Polytechnic of Hong Kong.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Carrell, P. L.
    (1982) Cohesion is not coherence. TESOL Quarterly16,4:479–488. doi: 10.2307/3586466
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3586466 [Google Scholar]
  3. Crewe, W. , C. Wright and M.W.K. Leung
    (1985) Connectives: On the other hand, ‘who needs them, though?Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching. 8: 61–65.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Crewe, W.
    (1990) The illogic of logical connectives. ELT Journal44,4:316–325. doi: 10.1093/elt/44.4.316
    https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/44.4.316 [Google Scholar]
  5. Field, Y. and L.M.O. Yip
    (1992) A comparison of internal conjunctive cohesion in the English essay writing of Cantonese speakers and native speakers of English. RELC Journal23,1:15–28. doi: 10.1177/003368829202300102
    https://doi.org/10.1177/003368829202300102 [Google Scholar]
  6. Field, Y.
    (1993) Piling on the additives: the Hong Kong connection. In R. Pemberton and E.S.C. Tsang (eds) Studies in lexis. Hong Kong, University of Science and Technology.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Halliday, M.A.K. and R. Hasan
    (1976) Cohesion in English. London, Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Hartnett, C.G.
    (1986) Static and dynamic cohesion: signals of thinking in writing. In B. Couture (ed.) Functional approaches in writing: Research perspectives. London, Frances Pinter.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Hayward, K. and H.C. Wilcoxon Jnr.
    (1991) Serving sentences in the glue factory. The Hong Kong Linguist:9:16–35.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Johnson, K. E.
    (1992) Cognitive strategies and second language writers: A re-evaluation of sentence combining. Journal of Second Language Writing1,1:61–75. doi: 10.1016/1060‑3743(92)90020‑P
    https://doi.org/10.1016/1060-3743(92)90020-P [Google Scholar]
  11. Long, M.H. and J.C. Richards
    (eds) (1987) Methodology in TESOL. Rowley, Mass., Newbury House.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Mackay, R.
    (1974) Teaching the information gathering skills. RELC Journal4,2:79–90.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Milton, J. and E.S.C. Tsang
    (1993) A corpus-based study of logical connectors in EFL students’ writing: directions for future research. In R. Pemberton and E.S.C. Tsang (eds) Studies in lexis. Hong Kong, University of Science and Technology.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Norment, N. Jr.
    (1984) Contrastive analysis of organizational structures and cohesive elements in native and ESL Chinese, English and Spanish writing. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation. Fordham University.
  15. Peters, P.
    (1985) Strategies for student writers. Brisbane, John Riley.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Quirk, R. and S. Greenbaum
    (1973) A university grammar of English. London, Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Scollon, R.
    (1993) Cumulative ambiguity: conjunction in Chinese-English intercultural communication. Working Papers of the English Department5, 1.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Wilcoxon, H. C. Jnr and K. Hay ward
    (1991) Resolving problems with cohesion. New Horizons32:100–104.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error