1887
Volume 21, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Patterns of language use by Sicilians and Venetians living in Sydney are here presented with particular attention to the maintenance of Italian and Dialect under the impact of widespread shift to English. Data gathered by questionnaire self-reporting are analysed according to four main variables: domain, linguistic generation, gender and region of origin. Results suggest that the original Italian diglossia between the High and the Low languages is well maintained, as Italian occupies the more public, formal and regionally heterogeneous space in the community, and Dialect the more private, informal and homogeneous one. Among the subjects’ variables, generation predictably accounts for the greatest variation, as both languages are used most by the first generation and least by the second. However, the original diglossia holds well also among the second generation. With regard to gender and region of origin, it would seem that, compared to men, women maintain both languages slightly better, and that, compared to men and Sicilians respectively, both women and Venetians maintain slightly better the original diglossia. We conclude that the position of Italian, although more limited, seems somewhat more solid than that of Dialect, and suggest some reasons for it.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/aral.21.1.02rub
1998-01-01
2019-12-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alfonzetti, G.
    (1992) Il discorso bilingue: Italiano e dialetto a Catania. Milano, Franco Angeli.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bettoni, C.
    (1985) Italian language attrition: A Sydney case-study. In M. Clyne (ed.) Australia, meeting place of languages. Canberra, The Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. (1990) Italian language attrition in Sydney: The role of dialect. In M. Halliday , J. Gibbons and H. Nicholas (eds) Learning, keeping and using language. Vol.2. Amsterdam, Benjamin. doi: 10.1075/z.lkul2.09bet
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.lkul2.09bet [Google Scholar]
  4. (1991) Language shift and morphological attrition among second generation Italo-Australians. Rivista di Linguistica3:369-387.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bettoni, C. and J. Gibbons
    (1988) Linguistic purism and language shift: A guise-voice study of the Italian community in Sydney. International Journal of the Sociology of Language72:15-35.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. (1990) L’influenza della generazione e della classe sociale sugli atteggiamenti linguistici degli italiani in Australia. Rivista Italiana di Dialettologia14:113-137.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bettoni, C. and A. Rubino
    (1995) Emigrazione al femminile: I1 caso italo-australiano. In G. Marcato (ed.) Donna e linguaggio. Padova, Cleup.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (1996) Emigrazione e comportamento linguistico. Galatina, Congedo Editore.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Clyne, M.
    (1991) Community languages: The Australian experience. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511597084
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511597084 [Google Scholar]
  10. Cortelazzo, M. and I. Paccagnella
    (1992) I1 Veneto. In F. Bruni (ed.) L’italiano nelle regioni: Lingua nazionale e identità regionali. Torino, Utet.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Dabène, L. and D. Moore
    (1995) Bilingual speech of migrant people. In L. Milroy and P. Muysken (eds) One speaker, two languages: Cross-disciplinary perspectives on code-switching. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620867.002
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620867.002 [Google Scholar]
  12. Fasold, R.
    (1984) The sociolinguistics of society. Oxford, Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gibbons, J.
    (1987) Code-mixing and code-choice: A Hong Kong case study. Clevedon, Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Gibbons, J. and L. Ashcroft
    (1995) Multiculturalism and language shift: A subjective vitality questionnaire study of Sydney Italians. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development16,4:281-299. doi: 10.1080/01434632.1995.9994608
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.1995.9994608 [Google Scholar]
  15. Haugen, E.
    (1953) The Norwegian language in America. Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Hogg, M. , P. D’Agata and D. Abrams
    (1989) Ethnolinguistic betrayal and speaker evaluations among Italian Australians. Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs115:153-181.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Holmes, J. , M. Roberts , M. Varivaki and A. Aipolo
    (1993) Language maintenance and shift in three New Zealand speech communities. Applied Linguistics14,1:1-24. doi: 10.1093/applin/14.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/14.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  18. Lo Piparo, F.
    (1990) Introduzione. In F. Lo Piparo , M. D’Agostino , S. Ferreri , A. Pennisi , G. Ruffino and S. Vecchio (eds) La Sicilia linguistica oggi. Palermo, Centro di Studi Filologici e Linguistici Siciliani.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Pauwels, A.
    (1987) Women and language in Australian society. In A. Pauwels (ed.) Women and language in Australian and New Zealand society. Sydney, Australian Professional Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Romaine, S.
    (1989) Bilingualism. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Rubino, A.
    (1991) Patterns of language choice and language contact in formal and informal settings. Rivista di Linguistica3,2:277-305.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (1992) Scelta di lingua, contatto linguistico e variabilità contestuale. In B. Moretti , D. Petrini and S. Bianconi (eds) Linee di tendenza dell’italiano contemporaneo. Roma, Bulzoni.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. (1993) From trilingualism to monolingualism: A case study of language shift in a Sicilian-Australian family. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Sydney.
  24. Rubino, A. and C. Bettoni
    (1991) The use of English among Italo-Australians in Sydney. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics14,1:59-89.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Vasta, E.
    (1992) Italian migrant women. In S. Castles , C. Alcorso , G. Rando and E. Vasta (eds) Australia’s Italians: Culture and community in a changing society. Sydney, Allen and Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/aral.21.1.02rub
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error