Volume 47, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
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There is growing recognition of the need to investigate second/foreign language learners’ emotions related to their language learning, because both positive and negative emotions affect a learner’s motivation and performance. However, research has not sufficiently explored the emotions of learners of languages other than English and other European languages, nor the emotions associated with learning experiences outside of the language class. The present research examines the emotions of 12 intermediate-level learners of Japanese and the causes of their emotions over 13 weeks, both in and out of class. Rates of positive emotions were higher outside the class than in lessons. The most frequent cause of the positive and negative emotions related to students’ L2 identity. The findings are discussed in relation to the language learning context of the university. The study suggests that learners’ emotions are closely associated with their learning contexts, including the content of lessons, and that more studies about learner emotions in different contexts are necessary, especially outside of language classes.


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