1887
Volume 23, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This paper presents the concept of ‘organisers’ in expository text, as a tool for discourse analysis and the teaching of writing skills. The notion of an ‘organiser’ is based on the work of Harold (1995) in which he suggests that there is a universal cognitive function of early position in the paragraph called ‘organisation’. For Harold, the ‘organiser’ serves to both group and divide text, and link to what has gone before. The present classification was developed to account for differences between expository essays, judged by readers on the basis of coherence. Characteristics of essay organisation could be clearly discriminated when ‘organisers’ were given clear operational definition, and a distinction was made between ‘unifying’ and ‘dividing organisers’. The classification includes lexical and grammatical units that are not traditionally considered to be discourse ‘signposts’. Extended to other genres of expository text, the usefulness of this approach can be demonstrated and validated. This method of analysis has pedagogical implications for the teaching of writing by offering another way to explain to students the practical means and strategies available to create an ‘organised’ expository text that is easy for a reader to comprehend.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/aral.23.1.07dav
2000-01-01
2019-09-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Attenborough, D.
    (1979) Life on earth: a natural history. London, Collins.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Boyden, D.D.
    (1971) An introduction to music. London, Faber and Faber Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Carrell, P.
    (1998) Can reading strategies be successfully taught?Australian Review of Applied Linguistics21,1: 1–20. doi: 10.1075/aral.21.1.01car
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aral.21.1.01car [Google Scholar]
  4. Chafe, W.
    (1976) Givenness, contrastiveness, definiteness, subjects, topics, and point of view. In C.N. Li (ed.) Subject and topic. New York, Academic Press
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Du Bois, J.W.
    (1987) The discourse basis of ergativity in discourse. Language63:805–55. doi: 10.2307/415719
    https://doi.org/10.2307/415719 [Google Scholar]
  6. Evensen, L.S.
    (1990) Pointers to superstructure in student writing. In U. Connor and A.M. Johns (eds) Coherence in writing. Alexandria, Virginia, TESOL Inc.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Gernsbacher, M.A.
    (1990) Language comprehension as structure building. Hillsdale, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum and Assoc.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Gernsbacher, M.A, and D.J. Hargreaves
    (1988) Accessing sentence participants: the advantage of first mention. Journal of Memory and Language27:699–717. doi: 10.1016/0749‑596X(88)90016‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(88)90016-2 [Google Scholar]
  9. Givon, T.
    (1993) English grammar: a function based introduction. Philadelphia, John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Halliday, M.A.K.
    (1985) An introduction to functional grammar. London, Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Harold, B.B.
    (1995) Subject-verb word order and the function of early position. In P. Downing and M. Noonan (eds) Word order in discourse. Amsterdam/ Philadelphia, John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.30.07har
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.30.07har [Google Scholar]
  12. Jarvella, R.J.
    (1979) Immediate memory and discourse processing. In G.H. Bower (ed.) The psychology of learning and motivation: advances in research and theory13:279–421New York, Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Lautamatti, L.
    (1987) Observations on the development of the topic of simplified discourse. In U. Connor and R.B. Kaplan, (eds) Writing across languages: analysis of L2 text. Reading, Mass., Addison-Wesley.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Lawe Davies, R.M.
    (1998) Coherence in tertiary student writing: writers’ skills and readers’ expectations. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Graduate School of Education, University of Western Australia.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Vande Kopple, W.J.
    (1985) Some exploratory discourse on metadiscourse. College Composition and Communication36:82–93. doi: 10.2307/357609
    https://doi.org/10.2307/357609 [Google Scholar]
  16. Winter, E.O.
    (1977) A clause-relational approach to English texts: a study of some predictive lexical items in written discourse. Instructional Science6:1–92. doi: 10.1007/BF00125597
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00125597 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/aral.23.1.07dav
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error