1887
Volume 26, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This paper tackles some analytical challenges of multimodal texts as they contribute to production of racial anxiety about asylum seekers. Building on a recent article in the Australian Review of Applied Linguistics in which Michael Clyne discusses the lexical manifestations of increasing racial hatred towards refugees, the paper focuses on the ‘children overboard’ affair in Australian news. This affair was generated out of a false claim by Liberal Party ministers that asylum seekers threw their children overboard in an effort to coerce the Navy to offer them sanctuary. The story was front page news in October, 2001 and became a defining feature of the successful Coalition campaign for re-election in 2001 with long term effects on public discourse about refugees and border protection. The paper argues that applied linguists need ways of analysing the symbiosis of visual and verbal stories in media treatment of such issues. It presents key strategies of representation of boat people and their critics in in one exemplary news text in 2001 and the ways in which photograph and story helped to co-create the fiction. The paper investigates the complementary contribution of strategies of homogenisation, indetermination, essentialisation and negative role allocation in both image and verbiage and their combined effect on our interpretation of asylum seekers. Implications for applied linguistics of multimodal analysis of racist discourse are briefly canvassed.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/aral.26.2.01mac
2003-01-01
2019-10-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baldry, A.
    (Ed.) (2000) Multimodality and Multimediality in the Distance Age: Papers in English Linguistics. Campobasso, Italy: Palladono Editore.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Clyne, M.
    (2003) When the discourse of hatred becomes respectable – Does the linguist have a responsibility?Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 26 (1), 1–5. doi: 10.1075/aral.26.1.01cly
    https://doi.org/10.1075/aral.26.1.01cly [Google Scholar]
  3. Cope, B. & Kalantzis, M.
    (Eds.) (2000) Multiliteracies: Literacy learning and the Design of Social Futures. Macmillan, Melbourne.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Chouliaraki, L.
    (2000) National identities in late modernity: A case study of audience reception, In M. Reisigl & R. Wodak ( Eds.): The Semiotics of Racism: Approaches in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp.305–330). Vienna: Passagen Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Hage, G.
    (2003) On worrying: the lost art. of the well-administered national cuddle, Borderlands e-journal. 2. (1) 1–5.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Hall, S.
    (1996) Gramsci’s relevance to the study of race and ethnicity, In D. Morley & K. H. Chen (Eds.) Dialogues in Cultural Studies (pp.411–440). London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Halliday, M. A. K.
    (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar. [2nd edition]. London: Edward Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Kress, G.
    (2001) Sociolinguistics and social semiotics. In P. Cobley (Ed.) Semiotics and Linguistics ( pp.66–82). London, Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Kress, G. & van Leeuwen, T.
    (1996) Reading Images: The Grammar of Visual Design. London, Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Kress, G. & van Leeuwen, T
    (1998) Front pages:(The critical) analysis of newspaper layout. In A. Bell & P. Garrett (Eds.) Approaches to Media Discourse (pp.186–219). Oxford United Kingdom: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Macken-Horarik, M.
    ( in press for 2003) Working the borders in racist discourse: the challenge of the ‘children overboard’ affair in news media texts, Social Semiotics, 13 (3). doi: 10.1080/1035033032000167024
    https://doi.org/10.1080/1035033032000167024 [Google Scholar]
  12. Marr, D. & Wilkinson, M.
    (2003) Dark Victory. Crows Nest: Australia, Allen & Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Mares, P.
    (2002) (2nd edition). Borderline: Australia’s Response to Refugees and Asylum Seekers in the Wake of the Tampa. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Parliament of Australia
    Parliament of Australia (2002) Executive Summary of the Senate Select Committee’s report into ‘A Certain Maritime Incident’. Web address for report: www.aph.gov.au/senate/committee/maritimeincident_ctte. Retrieved28/2/2003.
  15. O’Toole M.
    (1994) The Language of Displayed Art. London: Leicester University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rizvi, F.
    (1993) Children and the grammar of popular racism. In C. McCarthy & W. Crichlow (Eds.) Race, Identity and Representation in Education (pp.126 – 139). New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Teo. P.
    2000: Racism in the news: a critical discourse analysis of news reporting in two Australian newspapers”. Discourse & Society Vol.11 ( 1): 7–49. doi: 10.1177/0957926500011001002
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0957926500011001002 [Google Scholar]
  18. Unsworth, L.
    (2001) Teaching Multiliteracies Across the Curriculum: Changing contexts of text and image in classroom practice. Buckinham: Open University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. van Leeuwen, T.
    (1996) The representation of social actors. In C. Caldas-Coulthard & M. Coulthard (Eds.) Texts and Practices: Readings in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp.32–70). London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. (2000) Visual Racism. In M. Reisigl . & R. Wodak ( Eds.): The Semiotics of Racism: Approaches in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp.305–330). Vienna: Passagen Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Weller, P.
    (2002) Don’t Tell the Prime Minister. Melbourne: Scribe Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/aral.26.2.01mac
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error