1887
Volume 2, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2452-0063
  • E-ISSN: 2452-0071
GBP
Buy:£15.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

One prominent competitor to press influence on the public in digital spaces is the President of the United States. This presidential influence is largely unaccounted for, however, in contemporary agenda-setting models. This study examines the network agenda-building and setting capabilities of President Trump around tax reform and North Korea to determine whether and how presidential use of Twitter facilitates agenda building and disrupts the traditional press/public agenda-setting process. Offered in this research are contributions to network agenda setting by placing this theoretical perspective in conversation with research on how the press and public “echo” the language of the president under particular circumstances. Our results illustrate the president can disrupt press-public agenda formation in some circumstances, but popular accounts of the all-disrupting influence President Trump has on political life should be approached cautiously.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/asj.18020.wie
2018-11-13
2019-01-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Balmas, M., & Sheafer, T.
    (2010) Candidate image in election campaigns: Attribute agenda setting, affective priming, and voting intentions. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 22, 204–229. 10.1093/ijpor/edq009
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edq009 [Google Scholar]
  2. Baum, M. A., & Kernell, S.
    (2009) How cable ended the golden age of presidential television: From 1969–2006. InS. Kernell & S. S. Smith (Eds.), Principles and practice of American politics: Classic and contemporary readings (4th ed., pp.311–326). Washington, DC: CQ Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bennett, W. L., Lawrence, R. G., & Livingston, S.
    (2007) When the press fails: Political power and the news media from Iraq to Katrina. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226042862.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226042862.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bradshaw, S. C., Coe, K., & Neumann, R.
    (2014) Newspaper attention to major presidential addresses: A reexamination of conceptualizations, predictors, and effects. Communication Reports, 27, 53–64. 10.1080/08934215.2013.858760
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08934215.2013.858760 [Google Scholar]
  5. Canes-Wrone, B.
    (2006) Who leads whom? Presidents, policy, and the public. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Coe, K., & Bradshaw, S. C.
    (2014) Toward a fuller understanding of the echoing press: Presidential addresses and the New York Times, 1933–2013. Communication Theory, 24, 272–290. 10.1111/comt.12037
    https://doi.org/10.1111/comt.12037 [Google Scholar]
  7. Cohen, J. E.
    (1995) Presidential rhetoric and the public agenda. American Journal of Political Science, 39, 87–107. 10.2307/2111759
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2111759 [Google Scholar]
  8. Craft, S., & Wanta, W.
    (2004) U.S. public concerns in the aftermath of 9/11: A test of second level agenda setting. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 16, 456–463. 10.1093/ijpor/edh039
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edh039 [Google Scholar]
  9. Diesner, J., & Carley, K. M.
    (2004) Revealing social structure from texts. InV. K. Narayanan & D. J. Armstrong (Eds.), Causal mapping for research in information technology (pp.81–108) Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. DiMaggio, A. R.
    (2015) Selling war, selling hope: Presidential rhetoric, the news media, and U.S. foreign policy since 9/11. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Doerfel, M. L., & Marsh, P. S.
    (2003) Candidate-issues positioning in the context of presidential debates. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 31, 212–237. 10.1080/00909880305380
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00909880305380 [Google Scholar]
  12. Domke, D. S.
    (2004) God willing?: political fundamentalism in the White House, the” War on Terror”, and the echoing press. Pluto Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Eshbaugh-Soha, M.
    (2013) Presidential influence of the news media: The case of the press conference. Political Communication, 30, 548–564. 10.1080/10584609.2012.737438
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2012.737438 [Google Scholar]
  14. (2016) Presidential agenda-setting of traditional and nontraditional news media. Political Communication, 33, 1–20. 10.1080/10584609.2014.958261
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2014.958261 [Google Scholar]
  15. Eshbaugh-Soha, M., & Peake, J. S.
    (2011) Breaking through the noise: Presidential leadership, public opinion, and the news media. Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Feezell, J. T.
    (2018) Agenda setting through social media: The importance of incidental news exposure and social filtering in the digital era. Political Research Quarterly, 71, 482–494. 10.1177/1065912917744895
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1065912917744895 [Google Scholar]
  17. Guo, L.
    (2013) Toward the third level of agenda-setting theory: A network agenda setting model. InT. J. Johnson (Ed.), Agenda setting in a 2.0 world: New agendas in communication (pp.112–133). Hoboken, NJ: Taylor & Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Katz, E.
    (1996) And deliver us from segmentation. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 546, 22–33. 10.1177/0002716296546001003
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0002716296546001003 [Google Scholar]
  19. Katz, J. E., Barris, M., & Jain, A.
    (2013) The social media president: Barack Obama and the politics of digital engagement. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137378354
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137378354 [Google Scholar]
  20. Kernell, S.
    (2007) Going public. New strategies of presidential leadership (4th ed.). Washington, D.C.: CQ Press
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Kreiss, D., Lawrence, R. G., & McGregor, S. C.
    (2018) In their own words: Political practitioner accounts of candidates, audiences, affordances, genres, and timing in strategic social media use. Political Communication, 35, 8–31. 10.1080/10584609.2017.1334727
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10584609.2017.1334727 [Google Scholar]
  22. Lambert, N. J.
    (2017) A text mining tutorial. In. A. Pilny & M. S. Poole (Eds.), Group processes: Computational and data driven approaches (pp.93–118). New York, NY: Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑48941‑4_5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48941-4_5 [Google Scholar]
  23. McCombs, M. E.
    (2014) Setting the agenda: The mass media and public opinion (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. McCombs, M. E., & Shaw, D. L.
    (1972) The agenda setting function of mass media. Public Opinion Quarterly, 36, 176–187. 10.1086/267990
    https://doi.org/10.1086/267990 [Google Scholar]
  25. McCombs, M. E., Llamas, J. P., Lopez-Escobar, E., & Rey, F.
    (1997) Candidate images in Spanish elections: Second-level agenda setting effects. Journalism & Media Quarterly, 74, 703–717. 10.1177/107769909707400404
    https://doi.org/10.1177/107769909707400404 [Google Scholar]
  26. Mitchell, A., Gottfried, J., Stocking, G., Matsa, K. E., & Grieco, E.
    (2017, October2). Covering president Trump in a polarized media environment. Pew Research Center. Retrieved fromwww.journalism.org/2017/10/02/covering-president-trump-in-a-polarized-media-environment/
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Napoli, P. M.
    (2011) Audience evolution: New technologies and the transformation of media audiences. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Nielsen
    Nielsen (2018) The Nielsen total audience report: QI 2018. Retrieved fromwww.nielsen.com/us/en/insights/reports/2018/q1-2018-total-audience-report.html
  29. Neuman, W. R., Guggenheim, L., Jang, S. M., & Bae, S. Y.
    (2014) The dynamics of public attention: Agenda-setting theory meets big data. Journal of Communication, 64, 193–214. 10.1111/jcom.12088
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jcom.12088 [Google Scholar]
  30. Newport, F.
    (2017, December18). Americans view government as nation’s top problem in 2017. Gallup. Retrieved fromhttps://news.gallup.com/poll/224219/americans-view-government-nation-top-problem-2017.aspx
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Peacock, C., Scacco, J. M., & Stroud, N. J.
    (2017) The deliberative influence of comment section structure. Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism. 10.1177/1464884917711791
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1464884917711791 [Google Scholar]
  32. Rogers, E. M., & Dearing, J. W.
    (1988) Agenda setting research: Where has it been, where is it going?Annals of the International Communication Association, 11, 555–594. 10.1080/23808985.1988.11678708
    https://doi.org/10.1080/23808985.1988.11678708 [Google Scholar]
  33. Scacco, J. M., & Coe, K.
    (2016) The ubiquitous presidency: Toward a new paradigm for studying presidential communication. International Journal of Communication, 10, 2014–2037.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. (2017) Talk this way: The ubiquitous presidency and expectations of presidential communication. American Behavioral Scientist, 61, 298–314. 10.1177/0002764217704321
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764217704321 [Google Scholar]
  35. Smith, A., & Anderson, M.
    (2018, March1). Social media use in 2018. Pew Research Center. Retrieved fromwww.pewinternet.org/2018/03/01/social-media-use-in-2018/
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Tewksbury, D., & Rittenberg, J.
    (2012) News on the internet: Information and citizenship in the 21st century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391961.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:osobl/9780195391961.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  37. Tyndall Report
    Tyndall Report (2018) Top twenty stories of 2017. Retrieved fromtyndallreport.com/
  38. Valenzuela, S., Puente, S., & Flores, P. M.
    (2017) Comparing disaster news on twitter and television: An intermedia agenda setting perspective. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 61, 615–637. 10.1080/08838151.2017.1344673
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08838151.2017.1344673 [Google Scholar]
  39. Van Aelst, P., Strömbäck, J., Aalberg, T., Esser, F., de Vreese, C., Matthes, J., … & Papathanassopoulos, S.
    (2017) Political communication in a high-choice media environment: A challenge for democracy?Annals of the International Communication Association, 41, 3–27. 10.1080/23808985.2017.1288551
    https://doi.org/10.1080/23808985.2017.1288551 [Google Scholar]
  40. Vargo, C. J., & Guo, L.
    (2016) Exploring the network agenda setting model with big social data. InL. Guo & M. McCombs (Eds.), The power of information networks: New directions for agenda setting (pp.55–65). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Vargo, C. J., Guo, L., & Amazeen, M. A.
    (2017) The agenda setting power of fake news: A big data analysis of the online media landscape from 2014 to 2016. New Media & Society, 0, 1–22. 10.1177/1461444817712086
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444817712086 [Google Scholar]
  42. Villalobos, J. D., & Sirin, C. V.
    (2011) Agenda setting from the oval office: An experimental examination of presidential influence over the public agenda. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 24, 21–41. 10.1093/ijpor/edr017
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijpor/edr017 [Google Scholar]
  43. Vu, H. T., Guo, L., & McCombs, M. E.
    (2014) Exploring “the world outside and the pictures in our heads”: A network agenda-setting study. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 91, 669–686. 10.1177/1077699014550090
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1077699014550090 [Google Scholar]
  44. Wasserman, S., & Faust, K.
    (1994) Social network analysis: Methods and applications. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511815478
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511815478 [Google Scholar]
  45. Weimann, G., & Brosius, H.
    (2015) A new agenda for agenda-setting research in the digital era. InG. Vowe & P. Henn (Eds.), Political communication in an online world: Theoretical approaches and research designs (pp.26–45). New York, NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Young, G., & Perkins, W. B.
    (2005) Presidential rhetoric, the public agenda, and the end of presidential television’s “golden age”. The Journal of Politics, 67, 1190–1205. 10.1111/j.1468‑2508.2005.00356.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2508.2005.00356.x [Google Scholar]
  47. Zaller, J. R.
    (1992) The nature and origins of mass opinion. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511818691
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511818691 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/asj.18020.wie
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/asj.18020.wie
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error