Volume 35, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0929-7332
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9919



This paper examines the grammatical voice system of Indonesian and Surinamese Javanese speakers. Alongside Javanese, the Surinamese speakers also speak Sranantongo and Dutch. Studying the use of voice in both speaker groups shows that it depends both on givenness and animacy of arguments. This interacts with the speaker group. The Surinamese speakers were found to be less discourse-dependent, due to general language contact processes as well as convergence to Dutch and Sranantongo.

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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): grammatical voice; Javanese; language contact; Sranantongo
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