Volume 36, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0929-7332
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9919



The standard analysis of emphatic reflexives assumes that they are focused expressions of identity in all their uses (e.g. Gast 2006). On the basis of semantic and prosodic data, I argue that exclusive adverbial emphatic reflexives in Dutch and English should instead be analyzed as expressions excluding certain participants from the modified event (“P-exclusives”). The proposed analysis is based on Moltmann’s (2004) account of the part-structure modifier ‘alone’, and avoids a number of problems that the standard analysis has when applied to these data.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): agentivity; emphatic reflexives; focus; modification; part-structure modifiers
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