Volume 34, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0929-7332
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9919


The general perspective of the paper is that all (dis)harmonic branching orders within the West-Germanic V-clusters imply a different categorization by the acquisition procedure that should be independently motivated. More specific, the paper discusses the directionality switch with the temporal auxiliary (‘have’) in Afrikaans. Afrikaans has a right-branching V-cluster 1-2-3. The directionality switches in subordinate clauses when V is the auxiliary , which seemingly gives rise to the a-typical order 2-3-1 [[ ] ]. V is in this case an IPP (Infinitivus-pro-participio) infinitive. I propose to derive the directionality switch as a matter of category assignment by an acquisition procedure that is unaware of underlying structure followed by movements. I argue that sentence-final has been reanalyzed as a morphological suffix on the V. This leads to a simplification of the apparent 2-3-1 V-cluster into a binary 1–2 V-cluster [ []].


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): (dis)harmonic order; acquisition procedure; Afrikaans 2-3-1; IPP; V-clusters
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