Volume 12, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1877-7031
  • E-ISSN: 1877-8798
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is the mostly widely studied aspect marker in Chinese. In addition to perfective aspect marker to indicate action completion, can also serve as a sentence-final particle to indicate a currently relevant state. This study investigates how Chinese native speakers use in oral discourse and the factors that influence their use. The data were collected from three discourses including informal conversations, elicited narratives, and teacher classroom speech. Multivariate analysis of 2,359 tokens revealed that verb complement type and verb type have the strongest effects, followed by position, serial verb relationship, sentence type, discourse context, and time word presence/absence.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): aspect maker; oral discourse; sentence-final particle; sociolinguistics
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