1887
image of 负面情感立场标记 [Linguistic expressions of negative stances]
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Abstract

摘要

本研究基于70小时约30万字的自建湖南吉首方言口语语料库,首先从句法位置、句子功能及韵律特征三个维度归纳句中小品词“呔”的核心句法功能及基本语法意义;然后对7个不同会话场景中句中小品词“呔”的分布进行定量统计,并对相关语料展开会话分析。研究发现,句中小品词“呔”是一个标示说话人抱怨和责备情绪的“负面情感立场标志”。受到高频效应和语言使用者心理认知等因素影响,加之与韵律、句法、会话序列位置、会话参与者交际目标及语境等诸多因素产生互动并衍生出反讽、惊奇和同情等情感立场标示功能,但说话人抱怨和责备的情绪仍然不同程度存在。 基于上述分析,本研究尝试从理论层面对小品词本质作出重新认识,即“小品词的具体义项、话语功能和句法结构以互动方式形成一个紧密联系的整体,且三者均为交互过程中所“浮现之物”,在会话互动过程中又与多种因素产生互动而不断被塑造。小品词作为一种语言资源,同时又为交际参与者提供与同类协作管理、相互评价等工具,以保证会话交互的顺利推进。

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/content/journals/10.1075/cld.00042.fen
2022-07-01
2022-08-16
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