1887
Volume 4, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-8722
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8730
GBP
Buy:£15.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This study falls within the scope of cognitive lexicography which uses cognitive linguistic theories in lexicographic practice. The main objective of the study is to create a cognition-based monolingual thematic lexicon. The lexicon tests the validity of using cognitive linguistics, which uses language to reveal the human perception of a concept, in defining controversial multidisciplinary concepts. To that end, violence is selected as a case study and FrameNet is recruited as a cognitive linguistic resource. Cambridge Smart Thesaurus and WordNet are used as secondary resources to FrameNet. English TenTen corpus is employed to authenticate the findings before placing them in the lexicon. A twelve-frame lexicon is the result of the study. The constructed lexicon linguistically includes more than 250 violence-expressing word senses, defined and placed within their violence-associated frames. Some frames are cited from FrameNet without modification, while others are conceptually and linguistically modified. More important, some violence-specific frames are newly-reported. Evidently, studying how physical violence is linguistically expressed displays how the concept is structured in the human cognition. Thus, an empirical cognition-based definition of violence is suggested. This meets the challenge of the multiple sociological, psychological, political and criminological definitions. Moreover, a comprehensive definition of violence is recommended to include both its associated frames and expressing words.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00007.abd
2018-03-16
2018-12-12
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Atkins, S. , Rundell, M. , & Sato, H.
    (2003) The contribution of FrameNet to practical lexicography. International Journal of Lexicography, 16(3), 333–357.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Atkins, B. , & Rundell, M.
    (2008) The Oxford guide to practical lexicography. Oxford University Press.‏
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Baker, C. F. , Fillmore, C. J. , & Cronin, B.
    (2003) The structure of the FrameNet database. International Journal of Lexicography, 16(3), 281–296.‏10.1093/ijl/16.3.281
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/16.3.281 [Google Scholar]
  4. Baker, C. , Fillmore, C. , & Lowe, J.
    (1998) The berkeley framenet project. InProceedings of the 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics-Volume 1, (pp.86–90). Association for Computational Linguistics.‏10.3115/980845.980860
    https://doi.org/10.3115/980845.980860 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bertoldi, A. , & de Oliveira Chishman, R. L.
    (2011) Developing a frame-based lexicon for the Brazilian legal language: the case of the criminal_process frame. InInternational Workshop on AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems, 256–270.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. De Cao, D. , Croce, D. , & Basili, R.
    (2010) Extensive Evaluation of a FrameNet-WordNet mapping resource. Proceedings of the Seventh conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation, Malta: ELRA.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Evans, V. & Green, M.
    (2006) Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.‏
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Fillmore, C.
    (1975) ‘An alternative to checklist theories of meaning’, Proceedings of the First Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society. Amsterdam: North Holland, 123–31.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Fillmore, C. and Baker, C.
    (2010) A frames approach to semantic analysis. In B. Heine and H. Narrog , (Eds), The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis, (pp.313–340). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fillmore, C. J. , Johnson, C. R. , & Petruck, M. R.
    (2003a) Background to framenet. International journal of lexicography, 16(3), 235–250.‏10.1093/ijl/16.3.235
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/16.3.235 [Google Scholar]
  11. Fillmore, C. , Petruck, M. , Ruppenhofer, J. , & Wright, A.
    (2003) FrameNet in action: The case of attaching. International Journal of Lexicography, 16(3), 297–33210.1093/ijl/16.3.297
    https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/16.3.297 [Google Scholar]
  12. Ostermann, C.
    (2012) Cognitive lexicography of emotion terms. Proceedings of the 15th EURALEX International Congress, 493–501.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (2015) Cognitive lexicography: A new approach to lexicography making use of cognitive semantics. Berlin, Boston: De Gruyter Mouton10.1515/9783110424164
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110424164 [Google Scholar]
  14. Ruppenhofer, J. , Ellsworth, M. , Petruck, M. R. , Johnson, C. R. , & Scheffczyk, J.
    (2016) Framenet II: Extended theory and practice. URLframenet.icsi.berkeley.edu/book/book.pdf.‏
  15. Schmidt, T.
    (2007) The kicktionary: A multilingual resource of the language of football. Data Structures for Linguistic Resources and Applications. Gunter Narr, Tübingen, Germany, 189–196.‏
    [Google Scholar]
  16. (2009) The Kicktionary–A Multilingual Lexical Resource of Football Language.‏ In H. Boas (Ed.), Multilingual FrameNets: Methods and Applications. (245–286). Berlin: De Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Subirats, C. , & Petruck, M.
    (2003) Surprise: Spanish FrameNet. InProceedings of the Workshop on Frame Semantics at the XVII. International Congress of Linguists, Prague.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00007.abd
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00007.abd
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error