Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2213-8722
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8730
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Durative events by default are atelic. However, temporal targets are typically required for durative verbs with a rushing manner, such as ‘We are catching the 3:30 flight’ and ‘The farmer rushed to harvest before the storm’. Why and how does manner introduce delimiting temporal concepts to durative verbs? This puzzle is addressed by our current study of two near-synonymous Mandarin durative verbs describing events carried out in a rushing manner: and . Our event-based account will examine both their compositional meanings and their constructional patterns. We will show that and not only coerce eventive readings from their nominal objects, but also require certain delineating temporal targets. The verb requires an understood deadline, while the verb requires the presupposition of the limited availability of the object. As neither temporal targets mark the time of the actual activities, these are exceptional cases of aktionsart. We will show that the different ways to delineate event meanings of the constructions [+ noun] can be predicted from the lexical meaning of the two verbs and can in turn predict the event types represented by the object with the MARVS theory. Based on this lexical semantic representation, we further show that the Generative Lexicon theory predicts the coercions of the rushing meaning from the original activity verb senses, and that the Construction Grammar theory accounts for their sharing of the same syntactic configuration.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): construction grammar; event structure; generative lexicon; MARVS; verbal semantics
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