1887
Volume 8, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2213-8722
  • E-ISSN: 2213-8730
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The autonomic nervous system is responsible for modulating peripheral functions in the human body and consists of sympathetic and parasympathetic branches. Its activation affects, among other things, heart rate, respiratory rate, salivation, perspiration, pupillary dilation, and blink rate. For some years now, physiological measurements have found their way into interpreting and translation studies to investigate, in particular, cognitive, emotional and ergonomic demands and stress in translating, interpreting and post-editing. We conducted a meta-review of publications from 1990 until 2020 in order to investigate the relevance of (a) the four constructs of emotional, cognitive and ergonomic demands and physiological stress and of (b) physiological data for translation and interpreting research. With our selection of search terms, we identified 369 publications investigating one of the four constructs, of which 28 use physiological data. Analysis of the 28 studies shows a tendency towards triangulating physiological with other types of data, which reflects the complexity of the investigated tasks and constructs. Moreover, there seems to be an effort to increase sample size, which is an important step towards more robust results in quantitative research in the field.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00084.gie
2021-11-22
2022-05-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alban, M. W., & Pocknell, V.
    (2017) Cognitive factors affecting freeze-like behavior in humans. The Journal of General Psychology, 144(2), 140–156. doi:  10.1080/00221309.2016.1276046
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00221309.2016.1276046 [Google Scholar]
  2. Alves, F.
    (2007) Cognitive effort and contextual effect in translation: A relevance-theoretic approach. Journal of Translation Studies, 10(1), 57–76.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Andreassi, J. L.
    (2007) Psychophysiology. Human behavior and physiological response (5th ed.). New York / Hove: Taylor & Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Angell, J. R., & Thompson, H. B.
    (1899) A study of the relations between certain organic processes and consciousness. Psychological Review, 6(1), 32–69. doi:  10.1037/h0072367
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0072367 [Google Scholar]
  5. Baghi, H., & Khoshsaligheh, M.
    (2019) Stress in written and sight translation in training setting. Hikma, 18(2), 237–255. doi:  10.21071/hikma.v18i2.11539
    https://doi.org/10.21071/hikma.v18i2.11539 [Google Scholar]
  6. Baldauf, D., Burgard, E., & Wittmann, M.
    (2009) Time perception as a workload measure in simulated car driving. Applied Ergonomics, 40(5), 929–935. doi:  10.1016/j.apergo.2009.01.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2009.01.004 [Google Scholar]
  7. Barrouillet, P., Bernardin, S., & Camos, V.
    (2004) Time constraints and resource sharing in adults’ working memory spans. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133(1), 83–100. doi:  10.1037/0096‑3445.133.1.83
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.133.1.83 [Google Scholar]
  8. Barrouillet, P., Bernardin, S., Portrat, S., Vergauwe, E., & Camos, V.
    (2007) Time and cognitive load in working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33(3), 570–585. doi:  10.1037/0278‑7393.33.3.570
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.33.3.570 [Google Scholar]
  9. Boix-Mansilla, V., Feller, I., & Gardner, H.
    (2006) Quality assessment in interdisciplinary research and education. Research Evaluation, 15(1), 69–74. doi:  10.3152/147154406781776057
    https://doi.org/10.3152/147154406781776057 [Google Scholar]
  10. Bradley, M. M., Miccoli, L., Escrig, M. A., & Lang, P. J.
    (2008) The pupil as a measure of emotional arousal and autonomic activation. Psychophysiology, 45(4), 602–607. doi:  10.1111/j.1469‑8986.2008.00654.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2008.00654.x [Google Scholar]
  11. Brown, R. H., & Page, H. E.
    (1939) Pupil dilation and dark adaptation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 25(4), 347–360. doi:  10.1037/h0060296
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0060296 [Google Scholar]
  12. Cacioppo, J. T., Tassinary, L. G., & Berntson, G. G.
    (2007) Psychophysiological science: Interdisciplinary approaches to classic questions about the mind. InJ. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary, & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), The handbook of psychophysiology (pp.1–16). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511546396.001
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511546396.001 [Google Scholar]
  13. Chandler, P., & Sweller, J.
    (1991) Cognitive load theory and the format of instruction. Cognition and Instruction, 8(4), 293–332. doi:  10.1207/s1532690xci0804_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s1532690xci0804_2 [Google Scholar]
  14. Chang, V. C.-Y.
    (2011) Translation directionality and the revised hierarchical model: An eye-tracking study. InS. O’Brien (Ed.), Cognitive explorations of translation (pp.154–174). London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Chapman, C. R., Oka, S., Bradshaw, D. H., Jacobson, R. C., & Donaldson, G. W.
    (1999) Phasic pupil dilation response to noxious stimulation in normal volunteers: Relationship to brain evoked potentials and pain report. Psychophysiology, 36(1), 44–52. doi:  10.1017/S0048577299970373
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0048577299970373 [Google Scholar]
  16. Charles, R. L., & Nixon, J.
    (2019) Measuring mental workload using physiological measures: A systematic review. Applied Ergonomics, 74, 221–232. doi:  10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.028
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.028 [Google Scholar]
  17. Chrousos, G. P.
    (1998) Stressors, stress, and neuroendocrine integration of the adaptive response. The 1997 Hans Selye Memorial Lecture. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 851(1), 311–335. doi:  10.1111/j.1749‑6632.1998.tb09006.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1998.tb09006.x [Google Scholar]
  18. Chrousos, G. P., & Gold, P. W.
    (1992) The concepts of stress and stress system disorders. Overview of physical and behavioral homeostasis. Journal of American Medical Association, 267(9), 1244–1252. doi:  10.1001/jama.1992.03480090092034
    https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.1992.03480090092034 [Google Scholar]
  19. Clarivate, Y.
    (2020) Web of Science [Database]. doi: 10.1075/etsb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/etsb [Google Scholar]
  20. Courtney, J., & Phelan, M.
    (2019) Translators’ experiences of occupational stress and job satisfaction. Translation and Interpreting: The International Journal of Translation and Interpreting Research, 11(1), 100–113. doi:  10.12807/ti.111201.2019.a06
    https://doi.org/10.12807/ti.111201.2019.a06 [Google Scholar]
  21. Darò, V.
    (1990) Voice frequency and simultaneous interpretation. The Interpreters’ Newsletter, 3, 88–92. hdl.handle.net/10077/2161
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Delisle, A., Larivière, C., Imbeau, D., & Durand, M.-J.
    (2005) Physical exposure of sign language interpreters: Baseline measures and reliability analysis. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94(4), 448–460. doi:  10.1007/s00421‑005‑1316‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-005-1316-5 [Google Scholar]
  23. Fisk, A. S., Tam, S. K. E., Brown, L. A., Vyazovskiy, V. V., Bannerman, D. M., & Peirson, S. N.
    (2018) Light and cognition: Roles for circadian rhythms, sleep, and arousal. Frontiers in Neurology, 9:56. doi:  10.3389/fneur.2018.00056
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.00056 [Google Scholar]
  24. Fonseca, N. B. de L.
    (2019) Analysing the impact of TAPs on temporal, technical and cognitive effort in monolingual post-editing. Perspectives, 27(4), 552–588. doi:  10.1080/0907676X.2019.1597909
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0907676X.2019.1597909 [Google Scholar]
  25. Fowles, D. C.
    (2009) Arousal. InD. Sander & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), The Oxford companion to emotion and the affective sciences (pp.50–51). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Franco Aixelá, J.
    (2001) BITRA. Bibliografía de interpretación y traducción [Open-access database]. BITRA (Bibliography of Interpreting and Translation). Retrieved fromdti.ua.es/en/bitra/introduction.html
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Gambier, Y., & van Doorslaer, L.
    (2020) Translation Studies Bibliography [Database]. doi:  10.1075/etsb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/etsb [Google Scholar]
  28. Gao, D., Yin, G., Cheng, W., & Feng, X.
    (2012) Non-invasive eye tracking technology based on corneal reflex. Procedia Engineering, 29, 3608–3612. doi:  10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.539
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2012.01.539 [Google Scholar]
  29. Gatti, E., Calzolari, E., Maggioni, E., & Obrist, M.
    (2018) Emotional ratings and skin conductance response to visual, auditory and haptic stimuli. Scientific Data, 5(180120). doi:  10.1038/sdata.2018.120
    https://doi.org/10.1038/sdata.2018.120 [Google Scholar]
  30. Gile, D.
    (2009) Basic concepts and models for interpreter and translator training: Revised edition (2nd ed.). doi:  10.1075/btl.8
    https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.8 [Google Scholar]
  31. (2018) Research into translation as a specialism: An analysis and recommendations. Journal of Specialised Translation, 30, 23–39.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Hess, E.
    (1972) Pupillometrics: A method of studying mental, emotional, and sensory processes. InN. S. Greenfield & R. A. Sternbach (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology. Oxford, England: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Hvelplund, K. T.
    (2016) Cognitive efficiency in translation. InR. Muñoz Martín (Ed.), Reembedding translation process research (Vol.128, pp.149–170). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi:  10.1075/btl.128.08hve
    https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.128.08hve [Google Scholar]
  34. (2017a) Eye tracking and the process of dubbing translation. InJ. Díaz Cintas & K. Nikoli (Eds.), Fast-Forwarding with audiovisual translation (pp.110–124). Bristol: Multilingual Matters. doi:  10.21832/9781783099375‑010
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781783099375-010 [Google Scholar]
  35. (2017b) Four fundamental types of reading during translation. InA. L. Jakobsen & B. Mesa-Lao (Eds.), Translation in transition: Between cognition, computing and technology (pp.55–77). Retrieved from doi:  10.1075/btl.133.02hve
    https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.133.02hve [Google Scholar]
  36. (2017c) Translators’ use of digital resources during translation. HERMES – Journal of Language and Communication in Business, 56, pp.71–87. doi:  10.7146/hjlcb.v0i56.97205
    https://doi.org/10.7146/hjlcb.v0i56.97205 [Google Scholar]
  37. Hyönä, J., Tommola, J., & Alaja, A.-M.
    (1995) Pupil dilation as a measure of processing load in simultaneous interpretation and other language tasks. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 48(3), 598–612. doi:  10.1080/14640749508401407
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749508401407 [Google Scholar]
  38. Just, M. A., & Carpenter, P. A.
    (1980) A theory of reading: From eye fixations to comprehension. Psychological Review, 87(4), 329–354. doi:  10.1037/0033‑295X.87.4.329
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.87.4.329 [Google Scholar]
  39. Kahneman, D.
    (1973) Attention and effort. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Kahneman, D., Tursky, B., Shapiro, D., & Crider, A.
    (1969) Pupillary, heart rate, and skin resistance changes during a mental task. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 79(1, Pt.1), 164–167. doi:  10.1037/h0026952
    https://doi.org/10.1037/h0026952 [Google Scholar]
  41. Kaltsas, G., & Chrousos, G. P.
    (2007) The neuroendocrinology of stress. InJ. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary, & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), The handbook of psychophysiology (pp.303–318). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511546396.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511546396.013 [Google Scholar]
  42. Klebba, J. M.
    (1985) Physiological measures of research: A review of brain activity, electrodermal response, pupil dilation, and voice analysis methods and studies. Current Issues and Research in Advertising, 8(1), 53–76. doi: 10.1080/01633392.1985.10505372
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01633392.1985.10505372 [Google Scholar]
  43. Klonowicz, T.
    (1994) Putting one’s hart into simultaneous interpretation. InS. Lambert & B. Moser-Mercer (Eds.), Bridging the gap: empirical research in simultaneous interpretation (Vol.3, p.213–224). doi:  10.1075/btl.3.16klo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.3.16klo [Google Scholar]
  44. Koglin, A., & Cunha, R.
    (2019) Investigating the post-editing effort associated with machine-translated metaphors: A process-driven analysis. The Journal of Specialised Translation, 31, 38–59.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Korpal, P.
    (2016) Interpreting as a stressful activity: Physiological measures of stress in simultaneous interpreting. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 52(2), 297–316. doi:  10.1515/psicl‑2016‑0011
    https://doi.org/10.1515/psicl-2016-0011 [Google Scholar]
  46. Korpal, P., & Jasielska, A.
    (2019) Investigating interpreters’ empathy: Are emotions in simultaneous interpreting contagious?Target, 31(1), 2–24. doi:  10.1075/target.17123.kor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/target.17123.kor [Google Scholar]
  47. Kurz, I.
    (2002) Physiological stress responses during media and conference interpreting. InG. Garzone & M. Viezzi (Eds.), Interpreting in the 21st century: Challenges and opportunities. Benjamins Translation Library (Vol.43, pp.195–202). doi:  10.1075/btl.43.19kur
    https://doi.org/10.1075/btl.43.19kur [Google Scholar]
  48. (2003) Physiological stress during simultaneous interpreting: A comparison of experts and novices. The Interpreter’s Newsletter, 12, 51–67. hdl.handle.net/10077/2472
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Lachaud, M. C.
    (2011) EEG, EYE and key: Three simultaneous streams of data for investigating the cognitive mechanisms of translation. InS. O’Brien (Ed.), Cognitive explorations of translation (pp.131–153). London: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Lavie, N., Hirst, A., de Fockert, J. W., & Viding, E.
    (2004) Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133(3), 339–354. doi:  10.1037/0096‑3445.133.3.339
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.133.3.339 [Google Scholar]
  51. Lazarus, R.
    (1999) Stress and Emotion: A New Synthesis. New York: Springer.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Lehr, C., & Hvelplund, K. T.
    (2020) Emotional experts. InR. Muñoz Martín & S. Halverson (Eds.), Multilingual mediated communication and cognition (pp.44–68). London: Routledge. 10.4324/9780429323867‑3
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429323867-3 [Google Scholar]
  53. Levenson, R. W., Ekman, P., & Friesen, W. V.
    (1990) Voluntary facial action generates emotion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Psychophysiology, 27, 363–384. doi:  10.1111/j.1469‑8986.1990.tb02330.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.1990.tb02330.x [Google Scholar]
  54. Liu, Y., Zheng, B., & Zhou, H.
    (2019) Measuring the difficulty of text translation: The combination of text-focused and translator-oriented approaches. Target, 31(1), 125–149. doi:  10.1075/target.18036.zhe
    https://doi.org/10.1075/target.18036.zhe [Google Scholar]
  55. Ljungberg, J. K., & Neely, G.
    (2007) Stress, subjective experience and cognitive performance during exposure to noise and vibration. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 27(1), 44–54. doi:  10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.12.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2006.12.003 [Google Scholar]
  56. Lock, A. M., Bonetti, D. L., & Campbell, A. D. K.
    (2018) The psychological and physiological health effects of fatigue. Occupational Medicine, 68(8), 502–511. doi:  10.1093/occmed/kqy109
    https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqy109 [Google Scholar]
  57. Lovallo, W. R., Farag, N. H., & Vincent, A. S.
    (2010) Use of a resting control day in measuring the cortisol response to mental stress: Diurnal patterns, time of day, and gender effects. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 35(8), 1253–1258. doi:  10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.02.015
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.02.015 [Google Scholar]
  58. Lowenstein, O., Feinberg, R., & Loewenfeld, I.
    (1963) Pupillary movements during acute and chronic fatigue: A new test for the objective evaluation of tiredness. Investigative Ophthalmology, 2(2) 138–158.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Martins, R., & Carvalho, J.
    (2015) Eye blinking as an indicator of fatigue and mental load – A systematic review. InP. Arezes, J. Baptista, M. Barroso, P. Carneiro, P. Cordeiro, N. Costa, G. Perestrelo (Eds.), Occupational safety and hygiene III (pp.231–235). London: CRC Press. doi:  10.1201/b18042‑48
    https://doi.org/10.1201/b18042-48 [Google Scholar]
  60. Mathôt, S., Fabius, J., Van Heusden, E., & Van der Stigchel, S.
    (2018) Safe and sensible preprocessing and baseline correction of pupil-size data. Behavior Research Methods, 50(1), 94–106. doi:  10.3758/s13428‑017‑1007‑2
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-017-1007-2 [Google Scholar]
  61. Mauss, I. B., & Robinson, M. D.
    (2009) Measures of emotion: A review. Cognition & Emotion, 23(2), 209–237. doi:  10.1080/02699930802204677
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699930802204677 [Google Scholar]
  62. McCarty, R.
    (2007) Fight-or-Flight Response. InG. Fink (Ed.), Encyclopedia of stress (Vol.2, pp.62–64). San Diego/London: Academic Press. 10.1016/B978‑012373947‑6.00160‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012373947-6.00160-4 [Google Scholar]
  63. Mitra, R., McNeal, K. S., & Bondell, H. D.
    (2017) Pupillary response to complex interdependent tasks: A cognitive-load theory perspective. Behavior Research Methods, 49(5), 1905–1919. doi:  10.3758/s13428‑016‑0833‑y
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-016-0833-y [Google Scholar]
  64. Moser-Mercer, B.
    (2005) Remote interpreting: Issues of multi-sensory integration in a multilingual task. Meta, 50(2), 727–738. doi:  10.7202/011014ar
    https://doi.org/10.7202/011014ar [Google Scholar]
  65. Moser-Mercer, B., Künzli, A., & Korac, M.
    (1998) Prolonged turns in interpreting: Effects on quality, physiological and psychological stress (pilot study). Interpreting, 3(1), 47–64. doi:  10.1075/intp.3.1.03mos
    https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.3.1.03mos [Google Scholar]
  66. Muñoz Martín, R.
    (2017) Looking toward the future of cognitive translation studies. InJ. W. Schwieter & A. Ferreira (Eds.), The handbook of translation and cognition (pp.555–572). Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. doi:  10.1002/9781119241485.ch30
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119241485.ch30 [Google Scholar]
  67. O’Brien, S.
    (2006) Eye-tracking and translation memory matches. Perspectives: Studies in Translatology, 14(3), 185–205. doi:  10.1080/09076760708669037
    https://doi.org/10.1080/09076760708669037 [Google Scholar]
  68. (2008) Processing fuzzy matches in translation memory tools: An eye-tracking analysis. InS. Göpferich, A. L. Jakobsen, & I. Mees (Eds.), Looking at Eyes: Eye-tracking studies of reading and translation processing (pp.79–102). Copenhagen: Samfundslitteratur.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Paas, F., Tuovinen, J. E., Tabbers, H., & Van Gerven, P. W. M.
    (2003) Cognitive load measurement as a means to advance cognitive load theory. Educational Psychologist, 38(1), 63–71. doi:  10.1207/S15326985EP3801_8
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326985EP3801_8 [Google Scholar]
  70. Paas, F., & Van Merriënboer, J. J. G.
    (1994) Variability of worked examples and transfer of geometrical problem-solving skills: A cognitive-load approach. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86(1), 122–133. doi:  10.1037/0022‑0663.86.1.122
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.86.1.122 [Google Scholar]
  71. Partala, T., & Surakka, V.
    (2003) Pupil size variation as an indication of affective processing. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 59(1–2), 185–198. doi:  10.1016/S1071‑5819(03)00017‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S1071-5819(03)00017-X [Google Scholar]
  72. Pavlović, N., & Jensen, K. T. H.
    (2009) Eye tracking translation directionality. InA. Pym & A. Perekrestenko (Eds.), Translation research projects2 (pp.93–109). Retrieved fromisg.urv.es/publicity/isg/publications/trp_2_2009/index.htm
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Peavler, S.
    (1974) Pupil size, information overload, and performance differences. Psychophysiology, 11(5), 559–565. 10.1111/j.1469‑8986.1974.tb01114.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.1974.tb01114.x [Google Scholar]
  74. Peters, M. L., Godaert, G. L. R., Ballieux, R. E., van Vliet, M., Willemsen, J. J., Sweep, F. C. G. J., & Heijnen, C. J.
    (1998) Cardiovascular and endocrine responses to experimental stress: Effects of mental effort and controllability. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 23(1), 1–17. doi:  10.1016/S0306‑4530(97)00082‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4530(97)00082-6 [Google Scholar]
  75. Pfurtscheller, G., Grabner, R. H., Brunner, C., & Neuper, C.
    (2007) Phasic heart rate changes during word translation of different difficulties. Psychophysiology, 44(5), 807–813. doi:  10.1111/j.1469‑8986.2007.00553.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2007.00553.x [Google Scholar]
  76. Rickels, W. H.
    (1972) Central nervous system substrates of some psychophysiological variables. InN. S. Greenfield & R. A. Sternbach (Eds.), Handbook of psychophysiology. (pp.93–121). Oxford: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
    [Google Scholar]
  77. Risku, H.
    (2010) A cognitive scientific view on technical communication and translation: Do embodiment and situatedness really make a difference?Target, 22(1), 94–111. doi:  10.1075/target.22.1.06ris
    https://doi.org/10.1075/target.22.1.06ris [Google Scholar]
  78. Rojo Lopéz, M., & Korpal, P.
    (2020) Through your skin to your heart and brain: A critical evaluation of physiological methods in cognitive translation and interpreting studies. Linguistica Antverpiensia, 19:23.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. Roziner, I., & Shlesinger, M.
    (2010) Much ado about something remote: Stress and performance in remote interpreting. Interpreting, 12(2), 214–247. doi:  10.1075/intp.12.2.05roz
    https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.12.2.05roz [Google Scholar]
  80. Russell, J. A., & Barrett, L. F.
    (1999) Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: Dissecting the elephant. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(5), 805–819. doi:  10.1037/0022‑3514.76.5.805
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.76.5.805 [Google Scholar]
  81. Scherer, K. R.
    (2005) What are emotions? And how can they be measured?Social Science Information, 44(4), 695–729. doi:  10.1177/0539018405058216
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0539018405058216 [Google Scholar]
  82. Seeber, K. G.
    (2011) Cognitive load in simultaneous interpreting: Existing theories – new models. Interpreting, 13(2), 176–204. doi:  10.1075/intp.13.2.02see
    https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.13.2.02see [Google Scholar]
  83. Seeber, K. G., & Kerzel, D.
    (2012) Cognitive load in simultaneous interpreting: Model meets data. International Journal of Bilingualism, 16(2), 228–242. doi:  10.1177/1367006911402982
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1367006911402982 [Google Scholar]
  84. Seyle, H.
    (1976) Stress without distress. InG. Serban (Ed.), Psychopathology of human adaptation (pp.137–146). Boston, MA: Springer. 10.1007/978‑1‑4684‑2238‑2_9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-2238-2_9 [Google Scholar]
  85. Shi, H., Yang, L., Zhao, L., Su, Z., Mao, X., Zhang, L., & Lui, C.
    (2017) Differences of heart rate variability between happiness and sadness emotion states: A pilot study. Journal of Medical and Biological Engineering, 37, 527–539. doi:  10.1007/s40846‑017‑0238‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s40846-017-0238-0 [Google Scholar]
  86. Shreve, G. M., & Lacruz, I.
    (2017) Aspects of a cognitive model of translation. InJ. W. Schwieter & A. Ferreira (Eds.), The handbook of translation and cognition (pp.127–143). Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons. doi:  10.1002/9781119241485.ch7
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119241485.ch7 [Google Scholar]
  87. Su, W., & Li, D.
    (2019) Identifying translation problems in English-Chinese sight translation: An eye-tracking experiment. Translation and Interpreting Studies, 14(1), 110–134. doi:  10.1075/tis.00033.su
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tis.00033.su [Google Scholar]
  88. Sweller, J.
    (2011) Cognitive load theory. Psychology of Learning and Motivation – Advances in Research and Theory, 55, 37–76. doi:  10.1016/B978‑0‑12‑387691‑1.00002‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-387691-1.00002-8 [Google Scholar]
  89. Tommola, J., & Hyönä, J.
    (1990) Mental load in listening, speech shadowing and simultaneous interpreting: A pupillometric study. InJ. Tommola (Ed.), Foreign language comprehension and production (pp.179–188). Turku: AFinLa
    [Google Scholar]
  90. Uchino, B. N., Ruiz, J. M., & Holt-Lunstad, J.
    (2009) Stress. InD. Sander & K. R. Scherer (Eds.), The Oxford companion to the affective sciences (pp.383–386). New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  91. Wahlström, J.
    (2005) Ergonomics, musculoskeletal disorders and computer work. Occupational Medicine, 55(3), 168–176. doi:  10.1093/occmed/kqi083
    https://doi.org/10.1093/occmed/kqi083 [Google Scholar]
  92. Wang, C.-A., Baird, T., Huang, J., Coutinho, J. D., Brien, D. C., & Munoz, D. P.
    (2018) Arousal effects on pupil size, heart rate, and skin conductance in an emotional face task. Frontiers in Neurology, 9:1029. doi:  10.3389/fneur.2018.01029
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2018.01029 [Google Scholar]
  93. Wickens, C. D.
    (2008) Multiple resources and mental workload. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 50(3), 449–455. doi:  10.1518/001872008X288394
    https://doi.org/10.1518/001872008X288394 [Google Scholar]
  94. Wilson, G. F., & Eggemeier, F. T.
    (1991) Physiological measures of workload in multi-task environments. InD. Damos (Ed.), Multiple-task performance (pp.329–360). London: Taylor & Francis.
    [Google Scholar]
  95. Wilson, J. R.
    (2000) Fundamentals of ergonomics in theory and practice. Applied Ergonomics, 31(6), 557–567. doi:  10.1016/S0003‑6870(00)00034‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-6870(00)00034-X [Google Scholar]
  96. (2014) Fundamentals of systems ergonomics/human factors. Applied Ergonomics, 45(1), 5–13. doi:  10.1016/j.apergo.2013.03.021
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2013.03.021 [Google Scholar]
  97. Zeier, H.
    (1994) Workload and psychophysiological stress reactions in air traffic controllers. Ergonomics, 37(3), 525–539. doi:  10.1080/00140139408963668
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139408963668 [Google Scholar]
  98. (1997) Psychophysiological stress research. Interpreting, 2(1–2), 231–249. doi:  10.1075/intp.2.1‑2.09zei
    https://doi.org/10.1075/intp.2.1-2.09zei [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00084.gie
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/cogls.00084.gie
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): cognitive demands; emotion; ergonomics; interpreting; meta-review; physiology; stress; translation
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error