Volume 45, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1810-7478
  • E-ISSN: 2589-5230
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, a less studied Malay adverb, has meanings such as ‘in addition’, ‘again’, ‘more’, and ‘yet/still’. We aimed to see how these meanings could be related in a single word and to find the conceptualization and grammatical paths involved. We also intended to find out whether this word carries any underlying meanings not specified in dictionaries. In the corpus, although many examples have in the sentence-final position, some unconventional sentence-initial uses were also found in news headlines. We found that serves a special function in news headlines, emphasizing the repeatedness of events that were often negative or undesirable. The seemingly unrelated meanings of can be categorized based on three meaning concepts – meaning, continuum, and (‘yet/still’, ‘again’). In addition to these concepts, we also found several possible grammaticalization paths that contribute to the different uses of .

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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): adverb; corpus; Lagi; lagi; Standard Malaysian Malay; 副詞; 語料庫; 馬來語
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