Volume 49, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1810-7478
  • E-ISSN: 2589-5230
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This study investigates the effects of several stimulus sources: language familiarity, utterance length, and speech quality, on listeners’ predictions of the sizes of the upcoming prosodic boundaries. Experiments with native Taiwanese speakers were conducted, and the stimuli varied in prosodic boundary units (i.e., word, phrase, and sentence), languages (i.e., Taiwanese, English, and Swedish), utterance lengths (i.e., 2-second, and 2 syllables; the latter is approximately 0.416-second long), and speech qualities (i.e., normal speech, low-pass filtered speech). Results showed that: (a) listeners performed better when the utterances were longer; (b) listeners performed better in low-pass filtered speech when they had no prior knowledge of the target language; (c) there was a tendency for the language familiarity effect, but this effect was heavily influenced by the extent of similarity of the phonetic realizations in different prosodic boundaries, and the listeners’ language proficiency which was associated with working memory storage capacity.


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