Volume 54, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2451-828x
  • E-ISSN: 2451-8298
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Previous research and data from learner corpora show that Chinese language learners have a hard time differentiating (恐怕) and (怕). However, there has been little research analyzing the differences between the two words. Therefore, this study aims to distinguish and when both words denote worry toward a probable event. Adopting the corpus-based analysis approach, the researchers explain the semantic and pragmatic differences between and . Based on the research findings, the researchers propose discovery-oriented activities and drill practice to guide students to use the two words correctly. The researchers further argue that research findings from corpora data should be included in textbooks and integrated into Chinese language instruction.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): corpus-based research; kongpa; near-synonyms; pa; ; 恐怕; 語料庫為本之研究; 近義詞
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