Volume 36, Issue 4
  • ISSN 0176-4225
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9714
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This paper investigates the role of negation in grammaticalization in Iquito, an endangered Zaparoan language of the Peruvian Amazon. Iquito has a verb, , which has undergone two paths of grammaticalization only in negated clauses. First, has grammaticalized from “learn” to “be able to.” Subsequently, it is undergoing grammaticalization from an ability verb to a future auxiliary. Given that ability verbs are an uncommon source for future auxiliaries (Bybee et al. 1994), this study provides a detailed case study of this rare path. Our analysis of Iquito demonstrates that grammaticalization paths are not limited to affirmative contexts and may behave differently depending on the polarity of the utterance.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): ability verbs; Amazonia; future auxiliary; grammaticalization; Iquito; negation; Zaparoan
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