Volume 35, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0176-4225
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9714
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This paper deals with the creation of the Old Irish oblique relative conjunct particle (e.g., “for which he says” = ) as the outcome of the internalization of a demonstrative form used as a light head, which initially stood as a morphologically independent form. The initial step of this change was the grammaticalization of that demonstrative as the oblique element of a paradigm of relative-clause type forms in which the subject and object functions of the antecedent of the relative are also distinguished. Internalization is defined as an abrupt morphological change creating grammatical elements; its specific mechanism is the mirror image of externalization and must be distinguished from other morphological changes such as incorporation.


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