1887
Volume 35, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0176-4225
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9714
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This article addresses the diachronic development of so-called rival forms, i.e., words or grammatical constructions that appear to be synonyms, based on a detailed empirical analysis of two seemingly synonymous constructions in Russian. Corresponding to the English ‘decade construction’ , Russian has two rival constructions, viz. [. “in the twentieth years”] (with the numeral and noun in the accusative) and (with the numeral and noun in the locative case). Three hypotheses about rival forms are considered: leveling (whereby one form ousts its rival), sociolinguistic differentiation (whereby the two rivals survive in different varieties of a language) and semantic differentiation (whereby the two rivals develop different meanings over time). Contrary to what has been suggested in the literature, we find little evidence for semantic and sociolinguistic differentiation. Instead, we demonstrate that leveling is taking place, since the accusative construction is in the process of ousting its rival. While our study shows that corpus data facilitate detailed analysis of the interaction between leveling, sociolinguistic differentiation and semantic differentiation, our analysis also points to limitations, especially when it comes to corpus-based analysis of sociolinguistic and semantic factors.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/dia.16043.nes
2018-04-16
2019-10-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Baayen, R. Harald , Anna Endresen , Laura A. Janda , Anastasia Makarova & Tore Nesset
    2013 Making choices in Russian: Pros and cons of statistical methods for rival forms. Russian Linguistics37(3). 253–291. doi: 10.1007/s11185‑013‑9118‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11185-013-9118-6 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bjorvand, Harald
    2000 Diakron lingvistikk. In Rolf Theil Endresen , Hanne Gram Simonsen & Andreas Sveen (eds.), Innføring i lingvistikk, 307–339. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bloomfield, Leonard
    1933Language. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Blythe, Richard A. & William Croft
    2012 S-curves and the mechanisms of propagation in language change. Language88(2). 269–304. doi: 10.1353/lan.2012.0027
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2012.0027 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bolinger, Dwight
    1968 Entailment and the meaning of structures. Glossa: An International Journal of Linguistics2. 119–127.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Bondarko, Aleksandr B.
    2001Osnovy funkcional’noj grammatiki: jazykovaja interpretacija idei vremeni. St. Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo SPbGU.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Breiman, Leo
    2001 Random forests. Machine Learning45(1). 5–32. doi: 10.1023/A:1010933404324
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1010933404324 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bresnan, Joan , Anna Cueni , Tatiana Nikitina & R. Harald Baayen
    2007 Predicting the dative alternation. In Gerlof Bouma , Irene Krämer & Joost Zwarts (eds.), Cognitive foundations of interpretation, 69–94. Amsterdam: Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Bresnan, Joan & Marilyn Ford
    2010 Predicting syntax: Processing dative constructions in American and Australian varieties of English. Language86(1). 168–213. doi: 10.1353/lan.0.0189
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.0.0189 [Google Scholar]
  10. Carstairs-McCarthy, Andrew
    1994 Inflection classes, gender, and the principle of contrast. Language70(4). 737–788. doi: 10.2307/416326
    https://doi.org/10.2307/416326 [Google Scholar]
  11. Chambers, J. K.
    2002 Patterns of variation including change. In J. K. Chambers , Peter Trudgill & Natalie Schilling-Estes (eds.), Handbook of language variation and change, 349–372. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Chambers, J. K. & Peter Trudgill
    1998Dialectology, 2nd edn.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511805103
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511805103 [Google Scholar]
  13. Clark, Eve V.
    1993The lexicon in acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511554377
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511554377 [Google Scholar]
  14. Croft, William
    2000Explaining language change. Harlow, UK: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 2001Radical construction grammar. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299554.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  16. Cruse, D. Alan
    1986Lexical semantics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Dickey, Stephen M.
    2000Parameters of Slavic aspect. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Forsyth, James
    1970A grammar of aspect: Usage and meaning in the Russian verb. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Fraser, Norman M. & Greville G. Corbett
    1997 Defaults in Arapesh. Lingua103. 25–57. doi: 10.1016/S0024‑3841(97)00012‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-3841(97)00012-0 [Google Scholar]
  20. Gilquin, Gaëtanelle
    2010Corpus, cognition and causative constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/scl.39
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.39 [Google Scholar]
  21. Goldberg, Adele E.
    1995Constructions. A construction grammar approach to argument structure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Grieve, Jack
    2016Regional variation in written American English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139506137
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139506137 [Google Scholar]
  23. Haiman, John
    1980 The iconicity of grammar. Language56(3). 515–540. doi: 10.2307/414448
    https://doi.org/10.2307/414448 [Google Scholar]
  24. Harper, Douglas
    2001–2017Online etymology dictionary. www.etymonline.com/index.php (October17 2016.)
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Haspelmath, Martin
    1997From space to time: Temporal adverbials in the world’s languages. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Hock, Hans Henrich
    1988Principles of historical linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hovdenak, Marit , Laurits Killingbergtrø , Arne Lauvhjell , Sigurd Nordlie , Magne Rommetveit & Dagfinn Worren
    2001Nynorskordboka. Oslo: Det norske samlaget.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Hudson, Richard A.
    1980Sociolinguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Iwata, Seizi
    2008Locative alternation: A lexical-constructional approach. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cal.6
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cal.6 [Google Scholar]
  30. Jakobson, Roman O.
    1984 Structure of the Russian verb. In Linda R. Waugh & Morris Halle , Russian and Slavic grammar: Studies 1931–1981. Berlin: Mouton. doi: 10.1515/9783110822885.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110822885.1 [Google Scholar]
  31. Janda, Laura A. & Olga N. Lyashevskaya
    2011 Aspectual pairs in the Russian National Corpus. Scando-Slavica57(2). 201–215. doi: 10.1080/00806765.2011.631780
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00806765.2011.631780 [Google Scholar]
  32. King, Bruce M. & Edward W. Minium
    2008Statistical reasoning in the behavioral sciences. Wiley: Hoboken.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Klavan, Jane , Kaisa Kesküla & Laura Ojava
    2011 The division of labour between synonymous locative cases and adpositions. In Seppo Kittilä , Katja Västi & Jussi Ylikoski (eds.), Case, animacy and semantic roles, 111–134. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/tsl.99.04kla
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.99.04kla [Google Scholar]
  34. Klein, Wolfgang
    1994Time in language. London & New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. 2009 How time is encoded. In Wolfgang Klein & Ping Li (eds.), The expression of time, 39–82. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110199031.39
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199031.39 [Google Scholar]
  36. Labov, William
    1972Sociolinguistic patterns. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Levshina, Natalia
    2015How to do linguistics with R. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.195
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.195 [Google Scholar]
  38. Makarova, Anastasia & Tore Nesset
    2013 Space-time asymmetries: Russian v “in(to)” and the North Slavic temporal adverbial continuum. Russian Linguistics37(3). 317–345. doi: 10.1007/s11185‑013‑9115‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11185-013-9115-9 [Google Scholar]
  39. Nesset, Tore
    2004 Case assignment and image schemas: Russian temporal adverbials. Studies in Language28(2). 285–320. doi: 10.1075/sl.28.2.02nes
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.28.2.02nes [Google Scholar]
  40. 2013 How Russian became typologically unusual: The history of Russian temporal adverbials with v “in(to)”. Scando-Slavica59(1). 32–57. doi: 10.1080/00806765.2013.800722
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00806765.2013.800722 [Google Scholar]
  41. Nesset, Tore & Anastasia Makarova
    2015 Prostranstvo vo vremeni? Asimmetrija predloga v v prostranstvennyx i vremennyx konstrukcijax. In Andrej A. Kibrik & Aleksej D. Košelev (eds.), Jazyk i mysl’: sovremennaja kognitivnaja lingvistika, 388–410. Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskoj kul’tury.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Nida, Eugene A.
    1958 Analysis of meaning and dictionary making. International Journal of American Linguistics24(4). 279–292. doi: 10.1086/464477
    https://doi.org/10.1086/464477 [Google Scholar]
  43. Nuyts, Jan & Pieter Byloo
    2015 Competing modals: Beyond (inter)subjectification. Diachronica32(1). 34–68. doi: 10.1075/dia.32.1.02nuy
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dia.32.1.02nuy [Google Scholar]
  44. Padučeva, Elena V.
    2010Semantičeskie issledovanija. Semantika vida i vremeni v russkom jazyke. Semantika narrativa. 2nd edn.Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskoj kul’tury.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Russian National Corpus
    Russian National Corpus: Available atwww.ruscorpora.ru
  46. Saussure, Ferdinand de
    1983 [1916]Course in general linguistics. Translated and annotated by Roy Harris . London: Duckworth.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sokolova, Svetlana , Olga Lyashevskaya & Laura A. Janda
    2012 The locative alternation and the Russian ‘empty’ prefixes: A case study of the verb gruzit’ “load”. In Dagmar Divjak & Stefan Th. Gries (eds.), Frequency effects in language representation, 51–86. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110274073.51
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110274073.51 [Google Scholar]
  48. Szymanek, Bogdan
    2005 The latest trends in English word-formation. In Pavol Štekauer & Rochelle Lieber (eds.), Handbook of word-formation, 429–448. Dordrecht: Springer. doi: 10.1007/1‑4020‑3596‑9_17
    https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-3596-9_17 [Google Scholar]
  49. Strobl, Carolin , James Malley & Gerhard Tutz
    2009 An introduction to recursive partitioning: Rationale, application, and characteristics of classification and regression trees, bagging, and random forests. Psychological Methods14(4). 323–348. doi: 10.1037/a0016973
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016973 [Google Scholar]
  50. Tagliamonte, Sali A. & R. Harald Baayen
    2012 Models, forests and trees of York English: Was/were variation as a case study for statistical practice. Language Variation and Change24(2). 135–178. doi: 10.1017/S0954394512000129
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954394512000129 [Google Scholar]
  51. Vendler, Zeno
    1957 Verbs and times. Philosophical Review66. 143–160. doi: 10.2307/2182371
    https://doi.org/10.2307/2182371 [Google Scholar]
  52. Wade, Terence
    1992A comprehensive grammar of Russian. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Wulff, Stefanie
    2006 Go-V vs. go-and-V in English: A case of constructional synonymy?In Stefan Th. Gries & Anatol Stefanowitsch (eds.), Corpora in cognitive linguistics: Corpus-based approaches to syntax and lexis, 101–125. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Zaliznjak, Anna A. & Aleksej D. Šmelev
    2000Vvedenie v russkuju aspektologiju. Moscow: Jazyki russkoj kul’tury.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/dia.16043.nes
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/dia.16043.nes
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error