1887
Volume 23, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0176-4225
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9714
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Abstract

Jumjum, a Western Nilotic language, has an eight-vowel system divided into two sets by the feature [ATR] (Advanced Tongue Root), which is the basis of vowel harmony. A comparison with other Western Nilotic languages shows that (i) this vowel system goes back to a ten-vowel system in Proto-Western Nilotic (PWN), (ii) PWN high [−ATR] vowels have become high [+ATR] vowels in Jumjum, and (iii) conversely, PWN high [+ATR] vowels have become high [−ATR] vowels in Jumjum. The sequence of changes that resulted in this [ATR] reversal in Jumjum relative to PWN provides a historical explanation of synchronically odd, grammatically conditioned vowel-quality alternations in this language.
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/content/journals/10.1075/dia.23.1.03and
2006-01-01
2019-12-05
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References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/dia.23.1.03and
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): ATR , Burun , Jumjum , Mabaan , Mayak , sound change , vowel alternation , vowel harmony , vowel system and Western Nilotic
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