1887
Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0176-4225
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9714
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

It has been widely assumed that the primary adpositions of modern Indo-European languages constitute a historically identical category, descending from the Proto-Indo-European ‘local particles’. I argue that this assumption needs to be revised, because a major branch of the language family, Indo-Aryan, possesses adpositions of unrelated origin. This is not only a question of different etyma, but the New Indo-Aryan adpositions descend from structurally different sources. The ancient local particles, as attested in early Indo-Aryan varieties, combine with local case forms and show a preference for the prenominal position. By contrast, the New Indo-Aryan adpositions descend from nominal and verbal forms heading genitives, and show a propensity for the postnominal slot. Thus, we are dealing with elements unrelated not only etymologically, but also with regard to their morphosyntactic distribution.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/dia.33.1.04rei
2016-01-01
2019-08-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Das Aitareya Brāhmaṇa. Mit Auszügen aus dem Commentare von Sāyaṇācārya und anderen Beilagen. Theodor Aufrecht (ed.) Bonn: A. Marcus 1879.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa] Rigveda Brahmanas: The Aitareya and Kauṣītaki Brāhmaṇas of the Rigveda. Arthur Berriedale Keith (transl.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1920.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. The Dīgha Nikāya (Vols I-III). Thomas William Rhys Davids & Joseph Estlin Carpenter (eds.) London: Luzac & Company, 1947-1949.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. [Dīghanikāya] Dialogues of the Buddha. Thomas William Rhys Davids (transl.). London: Luzac & Company 1956, 1965, 1966.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Karakaṇḍa Cariu of Muni Kanakāmara. Hiralal Jain (ed.) Karanja, Berar: Karanja Jaina Publication Society 1934.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Majjhima-nikāya (Bände I-III). Robert Chalmers (ed.) London: Oxford University Press 1948.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. [Majjhimanikāya] The Collection of The Middle Length Sayings (Majjhima-Nikāya) (Vols I-III). Isaline Blew Horner (transl.). London: Luzac & Company 1957, 1967.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. [R̥gveda] Die Hymnen des Rigveda (Vols I & II). Theodor Aufrecht (ed.) Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz 1955.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. [R̥gveda] Rig-Veda: Das heilige Wissen: Erster und zweiter Liederkreis. Michael Witzel und Toshifumi Gotō (ed. and transl.). Frankfurt am Main: Verlag der Weltreligionen 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. The Thera- and Therīgāthā (Stanzas ascribed to Elders of the Buddhist Order of Recluses) (2nd edn.with appendix). Kenneth Roy Norman & Ludwig Alsdorf (eds.) London: Luzac & Company 1966.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. [Therīgāthā] The Elders Verses II. Therīgāthā. Kenneth Roy Norman (transl.). London: Luzax & Company 1971.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Andersen, Paul Kent
    1979 Word order typology and prepositions in Old Indic. In Bela Brogyanyi (ed.), Studies in diachronic, synchronic, and typological linguistics: Festschrift for Oswald Szemérenyi on the occasion of his 65th birthday, 23-34. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.11.04and
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.11.04and [Google Scholar]
  13. Beames, John
    1970 [1875]A comparative grammar of the modern Aryan languages of India - to wit Hindi, Punjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya and Bengali. Vol. II. The noun and pronoun. London: Trübner.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Bloch, Jules
    1965Indo-Aryan. From the Vedas to modern times. (rev. and transl. by Alfred Master ). Paris: Librairie d’Amérique et d’Orient Adrien – Maissonneuve.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Böhtlingk, Otto & Rudolph Roth
    1855-1875 Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch (7 Theile). (Online atwww.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/PWGScan/-disp2/index.php, last accessed 10/10/2013)
  16. Bubenik, Vit
    2006 Cases and postpositions in Indo-Aryan. In John Hewson & Vit Bubenik (eds.), From case to adposition: The development of configurational syntax in Indo-European languages, 102-130. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.280.10bub
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.280.10bub [Google Scholar]
  17. Butt, Miriam & Tafseer Ahmed
    2011 The redevelopment of Indo-Aryan case systems from a lexical semantic perspective. Morphology21(3-4). 545-572. doi: 10.1007/s11525‑010‑9175‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s11525-010-9175-0 [Google Scholar]
  18. Casaretto, Antje
    2010a Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda IX: ánu. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft65. 7-64.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 2010b Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda VI: práti. International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction7. 1-53.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. 2010 [2011] Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda VIII: abhí. Historische Sprachforschung123. 97-156.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. 2011 [2012]a Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda. XVI: áti und tirás. International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction8. 173-216.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 2011 [2012]b Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda XII: ví. Historische Sprachforschung124. 134-177.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 2011 [2012]c Lokalpartikel im R̥gveda XIV: ácchā. Zeitschrift für Indologie und Südasienstudien28. 1-27.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 2012 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln im R̥gveda XXI: purás, purástāt und purā́. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft66. 11-53.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Chatterji, Sunti Kumar
    1970 [1926]The origin and development of the Bengali language. London: Allen & Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Coleman, Robert
    1991 Latin prepositional syntax in Indo-European perspective. In Robert Coleman (ed.), New studies in Latin linguistics, 323-338. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/slcs.21.23col
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.21.23col [Google Scholar]
  27. Cuny, Albert
    1907Les préverbes dans le Çatapatabrāhmaṇa. Paris: Université de Paris dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Davids, T.W. & William Stede
    2007 [1921–1925]Pali-English Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Delbrück, Berthold
    2009 [1888]Altindische Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Emeneau, Murray Barnson
    1956 India as a linguistic area. Language32(1). 3-16. doi: 10.2307/410649
    https://doi.org/10.2307/410649 [Google Scholar]
  31. Fahs, Achim
    1989Grammatik des Pali. Leipzig: VEB.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Hagège, Claude
    2010Adpositions. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199575008.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  33. Hale, Kenneth
    1983 Warlpiri and the grammar of non-configurational languages. Natural Language & Linguistic Theory1(1). 5-47. doi: 10.1007/BF00210374
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00210374 [Google Scholar]
  34. Hettrich, Heinrich
    1991 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda I: ádhi. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft52. 27-76.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. 1993 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda II: antár. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft54. 147-176.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. 2002 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda III: pári. In Matthias Fritz & Susanne Zeilfelder (eds.), Novalis Indogermanica. Festschrift für Günter Neumann zum 80. Geburtstag, 215-242. Graz: Leykam.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Hettrich, Heinrich , Antje Casaretto & Carolin Schneider
    2010 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda IV: Allgemeines (H. Hettrich); II. úpa (A. Casaretto); III. áva (C. Schneider). Münchner Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft64. 17-130.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Hewson, John & Vit Bubenik
    2006From case to adposition: The development of configurational syntax in Indo-European languages. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.280
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.280 [Google Scholar]
  39. Himmelmann, Nikolaus P
    2014 Asymmetries in the prosodic phrasing of function words: Another look at the suffixing preference. Language90(4). 927-960. doi: 10.1353/lan.2014.0105
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2014.0105 [Google Scholar]
  40. Jacobi, Hermann
    1967 [1886]Ausgewählte Erzählungen in Mȃhȃrȃshṭrȋ. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Jamison, Stephanie
    1991 The syntax of direct speech in Vedic. In Joel Brereton & Stephanie W. Jamison (eds.), Sense and syntax in Vedic, 40-57. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Jacques, Guillaume
    2013 Harmonization and disharmonization of affix ordering and basic word order. Linguistic Typology17. 187-215. doi: 10.1515/lity‑2013‑0009
    https://doi.org/10.1515/lity-2013-0009 [Google Scholar]
  43. Kellogg, Rev. Samuel Henry
    1972 [1875]A grammar of the Hindī Language, in which are treated the High Hindī, Braj, and the Eastern Hindi of the Ramāyan of Tulsī Dās. New Delhi: Oriental Books Reprint Corporation.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Kuryłowicz, Jerzy
    1958L’accentuation des langues Indo-Européennes. Wrocław: Zakład Narodowy Imienia Ossolińskich Wydawnictwo Polskiej Akademii Nauk.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Ledgeway, Adam
    2012From Latin to Romance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Lehmann, Christian
    1985 Synchronic variation and diachronic change. Lingua e Stile20. 303-318.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. 2002 [1982]Thoughts on grammaticalization. 2nd, rev. edn. (Arbeitspapiere Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft 9). Erfurt: Seminar für Sprachwissenschaft der Universität Erfurt.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Luraghi, Silvia
    2010 The rise (and possible downfall) of configurationality. In Silvia Luraghi & Vit Bubenik (eds.), The Continuum companion to historical linguistics, 212-229. New York: Continuum.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Masica, Colin Paul
    1976Defining a linguistic area: South Asia. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. 1991The Indo-Aryan languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Mayrhofer, Manfred
    1992Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen. Band 1. Heidelberg: Winter.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Meillet, Antoine & Joseph Vendryes
    1927Traité de grammaire comparée des langues classiques. Paris: Champion.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Oberlies, Thomas
    1998Historische Grammatik des Hindi: Die Genese seines morphologischen Systems aus dem Mittel- und Altindischen. Freiburg: Reinbek.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Reinöhl, Uta
    . Forthcoming. Grammaticalization and the rise of configurationality in Indo-Aryan. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Renou, Louis
    1956 Préposition et préverbe dans le R̥gveda. In Louis Renou (ed.), Études védiques et pāṇinéennes, Vol. II, 113-127. Paris: E. de Boccard.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Davids, Thomas William Rhys & William Stede
    2007 [1921-1925]Pali-English Dictionary. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Schneider, Carolin
    2009 [2010] Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda V: ní. Historische Sprachforschung122. 118-169.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. 2010a Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda. VII: níṣ. International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction7. 149-193.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. 2010b Lokalpartikel im R̥gveda (Folge 13): ápa. Studien zur Indologie und Iranistik27. 1-35.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 2011 Syntax und Wortarten der Lokalpartikeln des R̥gveda X: úd. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft65. 185-241.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. 2012 Local particles in the R̥gveda XVII: párā. Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft66. 221-246.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Speijer, Jacob Samuel
    1968 [1886]Sanskrit syntax. Leiden: Brill.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Verbeke, Saartje & Ludovic De Cuypere
    2009 The rise of ergativity in Hindi. Assessing the role of grammaticalization. Folia Linguistica Historica30. 1-24.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Whitney, William Dwight
    1983 [1879]Sanskrit grammar. 5th edition. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/dia.33.1.04rei
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): adpositions , grammaticalization , Indo-Aryan , Indo-European , local particles , syntactic class and word order
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error