1887
Volume 7, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2211-7245
  • E-ISSN: 2211-7253
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

The phoneme /h/ is absent in French and its acquisition has been described as being difficult for second language learners of Dutch, a language with /h/ in its phoneme inventory. In this study, several factors were examined that may affect the production of /h/ by Belgian-French learners of Dutch. Specifically, the factors included in this exploratory study were (1) L1-to-L2 transfer, (2) semantic contrastiveness, (3) the monitoring of one’s speech, and (4) educational grade. L1-to-L2 transfer was operationalized as the effect of liaison/elision contexts on /h/-production. The expectation was liaison contexts might transfer and would therefore hinder /h/-production. Semantic contrasts in minimal pairs including an h-initial word would elicit more /h/-productions if that word was contrasted with an empty onset than an onset () filled by some other consonant (). If a speaker pays more attention to his/her speech in an increased-monitoring task, the speaker is expected to produce /h/ more often, and finally it was expected that increased exposure to Dutch would result in more correct productions.

In a cross-sectional study, students from the first, third and sixth grades of secondary education (60 in total, aged between 12 years and 19 years old) took part in two reading-aloud tasks, which were assumed to differ in the degree of speech monitoring they require. The first task was a text, with which L1-to-L2 transfer was assessed, and the second a list of minimal pairs containing h-onsets contrasting with either empty or filled onsets. Monitoring was assessed by comparing results between reading tasks.

Results showed that increased monitoring positively influenced the numbers of [h]s produced, but that L1-to-L2 transfer of liaison/elision contexts did not occur. A small difference between conditions was found, but in the opposite direction. There was large between-learner variability and no performance increase with amount of exposure from first to sixth grade. Overall, performance left much room for improvement relative to native Dutch speakers and to the learners’ teacher. Further research is needed to better understand the development of French-speaker learners’ production of Dutch /h/.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/dujal.17021.fay
2018-08-10
2019-10-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bradlow, A. R. , Pisoni, D. B.
    (1999) Recognition of spoken words by native and nonnative listeners: Talker-, listener-, and item-related factors. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 106, 2074–2085.10.1121/1.427952
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.427952 [Google Scholar]
  2. Baker, W. , & Trofimovich, P.
    (2008) Lexical and segmental influences on child and adult learners’ production of second language vowels. Concordia Working Papers in Applied Linguistics, 1, 30–54.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Beal, C. J.
    (2004) English in modern times. London: Arnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Best, C. T.
    (1995) A direct realist view of cross-language speech perception. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp.171–204). Timonium, MD: York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. De Wulf, C.
    (2003) Procope van de h. Taal en Tongval, 2, 216–231.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Fayt, C. J. E.
    (2016) The perception of the phoneme /h/ by native speakers of Dutch and French-speaking L2 learner of Dutch. (Unpublished ms).
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Flege, J. E.
    (1987) The production of “new” and “similar” phones in a foreign language: Evidence for the effect of equivalence classification. Journal of Phonetics, 15(1), 47–65.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (1995) Second language speech learning: Theory, findings, and problems. In W. Strange (Ed.), Speech perception and linguistic experience: Issues in cross-language research (pp.233–277). Timonium, MD: York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Ginsburgh, V. , & Weber, S.
    (2007) La connaissance des langues en Belgique. Reflets et Perspectives de la Vie Économique, 1, 31–43.10.3917/rpve.461.0031
    https://doi.org/10.3917/rpve.461.0031 [Google Scholar]
  10. Hiligsmann, P. , & Rasier, L.
    (2012) Uitspraakleer Nederlands voor Franstaligen. Waterloo: Plantyn.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Labov, W.
    (1966) The isolation of contextual style. In W. Labov (Ed.), The social stratification of English in New-York City (pp.58–86), Cambridge: Cambridge University press.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Levelt, W. J. M.
    (1983) Monitoring and self-repair in speech. Cognition, 33, 41–103.10.1016/0010‑0277(83)90026‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-0277(83)90026-4 [Google Scholar]
  13. Meyerhoff, M.
    (2006) Variation and style. In M. Meyerhoff (Ed.), Introducing sociolinguistics (pp.31–58), London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Neijt, A.
    (1991) Universele fonologie: Een inleiding in de klankenleer. Groningen: Foris.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Pinget, A. C. H.
    (2015) The actuation of ound change (PhD dissertation). LOT:399.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Rasier, L. , & Hiligsmann, P.
    (2007) Prosodic transfer from L1 to L2. Theoretical and methodological issues. Nouveaux Cahiers de Linguistique Française, 28, 41–66.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Schutter, G.
    (1999) Fonologische parallellen aan weerszijden van de Germaans Romaanse Taalgrens. Taal en Tongval, 51, 111–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Studebaker, G. A.
    (1985) A “rationalized” arcsine transform. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 28, 455–462.10.1044/jshr.2803.455
    https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.2803.455 [Google Scholar]
  19. Vanderwalle, M. , & Verdonck, A.
    (2009) Tandem: De nieuwe tandem1, Louvain-La-Neuve-Wondelgem: Van In.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Walker, R.
    (2010) Teaching the pronunciation of English as a lingua franca. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Walter, H.
    (1988) Le français dans tous les sens. Paris: Robert Laffont.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/dujal.17021.fay
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/dujal.17021.fay
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Dutch , French , second language acquisition and speech production
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error