Volume 13, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1874-8767
  • E-ISSN: 1874-8775
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This article traces the textual elaboration and expansion of dreams as embedded narratives in J. M. Coetzee’s (1980). Drawing on Marie-Laure Ryan’s modal system, the objective is to lay bare Coetzee’s staging of the possibility of encountering the in the world of dreams as the only domain that is not controlled by territorializing forces of the imperial state. Ryan’s modal system is used to differentiate the fantasy universe (F-universe) of the protagonist’s dreams as the only possible venue for such an encounter with the . We suggest that such unauthorized () encounters – which closely accompany (and interact with) the events in the textual actual world (TAW) – widen the doubtful magistrate’s horizon of vision and facilitate his liberation by disconnecting him from the imperial state.


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