Volume 20, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0172-8865
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9730
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


With reference to Cameroon English (CamE), this paper proposes another way of analysing non-native English features: differing from the traditional approach which limits itself to surface forms, the paper proposes the tracing of deviations down to the underlying representation (UR) and suggests that RP URs (A) are restructured to autonomous CamE URs (B). While A undergoes RP phonological rules to surface as A', B may fail to undergo these processes; it may also undergo parallel — and quite often divergent — processes and surface as B'. For example, RP UR "s[^]cceed" (A) is restructured to CamE "s[u]cceed" (B). A becomes "s[^]cceed" by Vowel Reduction and B, which does not undergo this process, surfaces unchanged as "s[u]cceed" (B'). This process can be represented on a chart which has three sides: AA', AB and BB'. Hence the name Trilateral Process. It is observed that this model is more illuminating with respect to the dynamics of the differences between native and non-native Englishes than an analysis based solely on surface observation of deviations, for a catalogue of deviations lacks the explanatory insights of a trilateral analysis.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error