1887
image of Between first language influence, exonormative orientation and migration
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Like other Englishes, Ugandan English is not a homogeneous variety. Being a second language to the vast majority of its multilingual speakers, it is, inevitably, influenced by their first languages. However, first language influence is just one factor that continues to shape Ugandan English. This paper reports on how influence from exonormative teaching models and the effects of migration, which constantly results in frequent and regular contact between second language speakers of various first languages, contribute to its architecture. It does so by focusing on and carefully investigating future time expressions in a corpus of authentic spoken interactions across Ugandans, the face-to-face conversations of the Uganda component of the .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/eww.21014.mei
2022-04-15
2022-05-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adokorach, Monica, and Bebwa Isingoma
    2022 “Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Pronunciation of English among Ugandans: A Preliminary Study”. English Today38: 15–26. 10.1017/S0266078420000152
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078420000152 [Google Scholar]
  2. Ashton, Ethel O., Enoch E. K. Mulira, E. G. M. Ndawula, and Archibald Norman Tucker
    1954A Luganda Grammar. London: Longmans, Green and Co.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Batibo, M. Herman
    2005 “Future Tense and Aspect Markings in Southern Bantu”. InErhard Friedrich Karl Voeltz, ed.Studies in African Linguistic Typology. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1–12. 10.1075/tsl.64.02bat
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.64.02bat [Google Scholar]
  4. Bavin, L. Edith
    1982 “Aspects of Morphological and Syntactic Divergence in Lango and Acholi”. Studies in African Linguistics13: 231–248.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Berglund, Ylva
    1997 “Future in Present-Day English: Corpus-Based Evidence on Rivalry of Expressions”. ICAME Journal21: 7–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 1999 “Utilising Present-Day English Corpora: A Case Study Concerning Expressions of Future”. ICAME Journal24: 25–63.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 2005 “Expressions of Future in Present-Day English: A Corpus-Based Approach”. Ph.D. Dissertation, Uppsala University.
  8. Bergs, Alexander
    2010 “Expressions of Futurity in Contemporary English: A Construction Grammar Perspective”. English Language and Linguistics14: 217–238. 10.1017/S1360674310000067
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674310000067 [Google Scholar]
  9. Biber, Douglas, Stig Johansson, Geoffrey Leech, Susan Conrad, and Edward Finegan
    1999Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Blommaert, Jan
    2010The Sociolinguistics of Globalisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511845307
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511845307 [Google Scholar]
  11. Buregeya, Alfred
    2019Kenyan English. Berlin: de Gruyter. 10.1515/9781614516255
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614516255 [Google Scholar]
  12. Carollo, Bruno
    1991A Practical Lango Grammar and Dictionary. Rome: Comboni Missionary.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Collins, Peter C.
    2008 “The Progressive Aspect in World Englishes: A Corpus-Based Study”. Australian Journal of Linguistics28: 199–249. 10.1080/07268600802308782
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268600802308782 [Google Scholar]
  14. 2009 “Modals and Quasi-Modals in World Englishes”. World Englishes28: 281–292. 10.1111/j.1467‑971X.2009.01593.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-971X.2009.01593.x [Google Scholar]
  15. 2015 “Recent Diachronic Change in the Progressive in Philippine English”. InPeter C. Collins, ed.Grammatical Change in English World-Wide. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 271–296. 10.1075/scl.67.12col
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.67.12col [Google Scholar]
  16. Collins, Peter, Ariane Macalinga Borlongan, and Xinyue Yao
    2014 “Modality in Philippine English: A Diachronic Study”. Journal of English Linguistics42: 68–88. 10.1177/0075424213511462
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0075424213511462 [Google Scholar]
  17. Comrie, Bernard
    1985Tense. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139165815
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165815 [Google Scholar]
  18. Denis, Derek and Sali A. Tagliamonte
    2018 “The Changing Future: Competition, Specialization and Reorganization in the Contemporary English Future Temporal Reference System”. English Language and Linguistics22: 403–430. 10.1017/S1360674316000551
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674316000551 [Google Scholar]
  19. Deterding, David
    2007Singapore English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Deuber, Dagmar, Carolin Biewer, Stephanie Hackert, and Michaela Hilbert
    2012 “Will and Would in Selected New Englishes: General and Variety-Specific Tendencies”. InMarianne Hundt, and Ulrike Gut, eds.Mapping Unity and Diversity World-Wide: Corpus-Based Studies of New Englishes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 77–102. 10.1075/veaw.g43.04deu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g43.04deu [Google Scholar]
  21. Fehringer, Carol, and Karen Corrigan
    2015 “The Rise of the going to Future in Tyneside English: Evidence for Further Grammaticalisation”. English World-Wide36: 198–227. 10.1075/eww.36.2.03feh
    https://doi.org/10.1075/eww.36.2.03feh [Google Scholar]
  22. Fisher, E. C. Allestree
    2000 “Assessing the State of Ugandan English”. English Today16: 57–61. 10.1017/S0266078400011470
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078400011470 [Google Scholar]
  23. Huber, Magnus
    2012 “Regional Profile: Africa”. InBernd Kortmann, and Kerstin Lunkenheimer, eds.The Mouton World Atlas of Variation in English. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton, 807–823. 10.1515/9783110280128.806
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110280128.806 [Google Scholar]
  24. Isingoma, Bebwa
    2016a “Lexical Borrowings and Calques in Ugandan English”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalising Post-Protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 149–172. 10.1075/veaw.g59.07isi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.07isi [Google Scholar]
  25. 2016b “The Use of Ditransitive Constructions in Ugandan English”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalising Post-protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 201–226. 10.1075/veaw.g59.09isi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.09isi [Google Scholar]
  26. 2021 “The Sociolinguistic Profile of English at the Grassroots Level: A Comparison of Northern and Western Uganda”. InEdgar W. Schneider, and Christiane Meierkord, eds.World Englishes at the Grassroots. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 54–69. 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467551.003.0003
    https://doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467551.003.0003 [Google Scholar]
  27. Isingoma, Bebwa, and Christiane Meierkord
    2019 “Capturing the Lexicon of Ugandan English: ICE-Uganda and its Effective Complements”. InAlexandra U. Esimaje, Ulrike Gut, and Bassey E. Antia, eds.Corpus Linguistics and African Englishes. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 294–328. 10.1075/scl.88.13isi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/scl.88.13isi [Google Scholar]
  28. Kachru, Braj B.
    1985 “Standards, Codification and Sociolinguistic Realism: The English Language in the Outer Circle”. InRandolph Quirk, and Henry G. Widdowson, eds.English in the World: Teaching and Learning the Language and Literatures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 11–30.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kakuba, Christian
    2014 “Evolution of Inequalities in Access to Secondary Schooling in Uganda”. Ph.D. dissertation, Université Paris Decartes.
  30. Kortmann, Bernd, Kerstin Lunkenheimer, and Katharina Ehret
    eds. 2020The Electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English. Geneva: Zenodo. ewave-atlas.org (accessedAugust 8, 2021).
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lim, Lisa
    2007 “Sounding Singaporean”. InLisa Lim, ed.Singapore English. A Grammatical Description. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 19–56. 10.1075/veaw.g33.04lim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g33.04lim [Google Scholar]
  32. Mair, Christian
    1997 “The Spread of the going-to-Future in Written English: A Corpus-based Investigation into Language Change in Progress”. InRaymond Hickey, and Stanisław Puppel, eds.Language History and Linguistic Modelling: A Festschrift for Jacek Fisiak on his 60th Birthday. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 1537–1543.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. 2006Twentieth-Century English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511486951
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486951 [Google Scholar]
  34. 2013 “The World System of Englishes: Accounting for the Transnational Importance of Mobile and Mediated Vernaculars”. English World-Wide34: 253–278. 10.1075/eww.34.3.01mai
    https://doi.org/10.1075/eww.34.3.01mai [Google Scholar]
  35. Mair, Christian, and Geoffrey Leech
    2006 “Current Changes in English Syntax”. InBas Arts, and April McMahon, eds.The Handbook of English Linguistics. Oxford: Blackwell, 318–342. 10.1002/9780470753002.ch14
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470753002.ch14 [Google Scholar]
  36. Marten, Lutz, C. Nancy Kula, and Nhlanhla Thwala
    2007 “Parameters of Morphosyntactic Variation in Bantu”. Transactions of the Philological Society105: 253–338. 10.1111/j.1467‑968X.2007.00190.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-968X.2007.00190.x [Google Scholar]
  37. Meierkord, Christiane
    2012Interactions across Englishes: Linguistic Choices in Local and International Contact Situations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139026703
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139026703 [Google Scholar]
  38. 2016a “Speech Acts in Ugandan English Social Letters: Investigating the Influence of Sociocultural Context”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalizing Post-Protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 227–248. 10.1075/veaw.g59.10mei
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.10mei [Google Scholar]
  39. 2016b “Diphthongs in Ugandan English: Evidence for and against Variety Status and Interactions across Englishes”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalizing Post-protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 121–147. 10.1075/veaw.g59.06mei
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.06mei [Google Scholar]
  40. 2020 “Spread of English at the Grassroots? Sociolinguistic Evidence from two Post-Protectorates: Maldives and Uganda”. InAndy Kirkpatrick, ed.The Routledge Handbook of World Englishes. London: Routledge, 233–249. 10.4324/9781003128755‑16
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003128755-16 [Google Scholar]
  41. 2021 “Access to English and the Englishes of the Disadvantaged: Examples from Uganda and South Africa”. InChristiane Meierkord, and Edgar W. Schneider, eds.World Englishes at the Grassroots. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 91–114. 10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467551.003.0005
    https://doi.org/10.3366/edinburgh/9781474467551.003.0005 [Google Scholar]
  42. Mesthrie, Rajend
    2010 “Socio-Phonetics and Social Change: Deracialisation of the GOOSE Vowel in South African English”. Journal of Sociolinguistics14: 3–33. 10.1111/j.1467‑9841.2009.00433.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9841.2009.00433.x [Google Scholar]
  43. 2012 “Ethnicity, Substrate and Place: The Dynamics of Coloured and Indian English in Five South African Cities in Relation to the Variable (t)”. Language Variation and Change24: 371–396. 10.1017/S0954394512000178
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954394512000178 [Google Scholar]
  44. 2017 “Class, Gender, and Substrate Erasure in Sociolinguistic Change: A Sociophonetic Study of Schwa in Deracializing South African English”. Language93: 314–346. 10.1353/lan.2017.0016
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2017.0016 [Google Scholar]
  45. Mesthrie, Rajend, and Rakesh M. Bhatt
    2008World Englishes: The Study of New Linguistic Varieties. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511791321
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791321 [Google Scholar]
  46. Mufwene, Salikoko
    2001The Ecology of Language Evolution. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511612862
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511612862 [Google Scholar]
  47. Namyalo, Saudah, Bebwa Isingoma, and Christiane Meierkord
    2016 “Towards Assessing the Space of English in Uganda’s Linguistic Ecology: Facts and Issues”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalizing Post-Protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 19–49. 10.1075/veaw.g59.02nam
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.02nam [Google Scholar]
  48. Nassenstein, Nico
    2016 “A Preliminary Description of Ugandan English”. World Englishes35: 396–420. 10.1111/weng.12205
    https://doi.org/10.1111/weng.12205 [Google Scholar]
  49. Ndhaye, Moses
    2020 “2019 UCE: Wakiso, Kampala Top List of Best Performing Districts”. Daily MonitorJanuary31 2020 <https://www.monitor.co.ug/News/National/2019-UCE-Wakiso-Kampala-top-list-best-performing-districts/688334-5439436-nde5jg/index.html (accessedAugust 8, 2021).
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Nesselhauf, Nadja
    2010 “The Development of Future Time Expressions in Late Modern English: Redistribution of Forms or Change in Discourse?” English Language and Linguistics14: 163–186. 10.1017/S1360674310000043
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S1360674310000043 [Google Scholar]
  51. Noonan, Michael
    1992A Grammar of Lango. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110850512
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110850512 [Google Scholar]
  52. Nzabona, Abel, John Bosco Asiimwe, Christian Kakuba, Richard Turagize, and John Mushomi
    2019 “Correlates of Youth Internal Migration and Employment in Uganda”. African Population Studies33: 4621–4630.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Ogundipe, Phebean Ajibola, and Philip Sillince Tregidgo
    1971Practical English. London: Person Education Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Poplack, Shana, and Sali Tagliamonte
    1999 “The Grammaticization of going to in (African American) English”. Language Variation and Change11: 315–342. 10.1017/S0954394599113048
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954394599113048 [Google Scholar]
  55. Quirk, Randolph, Sidney Greenbaum, Geoffrey Leech, and Jan Svartvik
    1985A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Rathore-Nigsch, Claudia, and Daniel Schreier
    2016 “Indian English in Uganda: The Historical Sociolinguistics of a Migrant Community. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalizing Post-Protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 251–273. 10.1075/veaw.g59.11rat
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.11rat [Google Scholar]
  57. Schneider, Agnes
    2016 “Future Time Marking in Spoken Ghanaian English: The Variation of will vs. be going to”. InOlga Timofeeva, Anne-Christine Gardener, Alpo Honkapohja, and Sarah Chevalier, eds.New Approaches to English Linguistics: Building Bridges. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 141–173. 10.1075/slcs.177.06sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.177.06sch [Google Scholar]
  58. Schneider, Edgar
    2007Postcolonial English: Varieties of English Around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511618901
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618901 [Google Scholar]
  59. Scott, Mike
    2012WordSmith Tools, version 6. Stroud: Lexical Analysis Software.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Sekiziyivu, Samuel, and Christopher B. Mugimu
    2017 “Communicative Language Teaching Strategies for German as a Foreign Language in Uganda”. Journal of Language Teaching and Research8: 8–15. 10.17507/jltr.0801.02
    https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0801.02 [Google Scholar]
  61. Ssempuuma, Jude
    2013 “Ugandan English”. InBernd Kortmann, and Kerstin Lunkenheimer, eds.The Electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English. Freiburg: Freiburg Institute for Advanced Study. ewave-atlas.org/languages/47 (accessedAugust 8, 2021).
    [Google Scholar]
  62. 2019Morphological and Syntactic Feature Analysis of Ugandan English: Influence from Luganda, Runyankole-Rukiga and Acholi-Lango. Bern: Peter Lang. 10.3726/b15305
    https://doi.org/10.3726/b15305 [Google Scholar]
  63. Ssempuuma, Jude, Bebwa Isingoma, and Christiane Meierkord
    2016 “The use of the progressive in Ugandan English”. InChristiane Meierkord, Bebwa Isingoma, and Saudah Namyalo, eds.Ugandan English: Its Sociolinguistics, Structure and Uses in a Globalising Post-protectorate. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 173–199. 10.1075/veaw.g59.08sse
    https://doi.org/10.1075/veaw.g59.08sse [Google Scholar]
  64. Szmrecsanyi, Benedikt
    2003 “Be going to versus will-shall: Does Syntax Matter?” Journal of English Linguistics31: 295–323. 10.1177/0075424203257830
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0075424203257830 [Google Scholar]
  65. Taylor, Charles
    1985Nkore-Kiga. London: Croom Helm.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. The Government of Uganda
    The Government of Uganda 2017 “Education Abstract”. Kampala: Ministry of Education and Sports.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Torres-Cacoullos, Rena, and James A. Walker
    2009 “The Present of the English Future: Grammatical Variation and Collocations in Discourse”. Language85: 321–354. 10.1353/lan.0.0110
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.0.0110 [Google Scholar]
  68. Van Rooy, Bertus, and Ronel Wasserman
    2014 “Do the Modals of Black and White South African English Converge?” Journal of English Linguistics42: 51–67. 10.1177/0075424213511463
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0075424213511463 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/eww.21014.mei
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/eww.21014.mei
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error