1887
Volume 15, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1568-1475
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9773
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Adults regularly use word-gesture combinations in communication, and meaningful gestures facilitate word learning. However, it is not clear if this benefit of gestures is due to the speaker’s movement increasing the listener’s attention or if it needs to be a meaningful gesture, if the difficulty of the task results in disparate reliance on gestures, and if word classes are differentially affected by gestures. In the present research, participants were measured on their novel word learning across four gesture conditions: meaningful gesture, beat gesture, nonsense gesture, and no gesture with extended training (Study 1,  = 139) and brief training (Study 2,  = 128). Overall, meaningful gestures and high frequency words led to the highest word learning accuracy. This effect of word frequency did not hold true for beat gestures after brief training suggesting that adding rhythmic information — if not adding semantic information — may detract from word learning. This research highlights the importance of considering task difficulty when analyzing the effects of gestures.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/gest.15.3.04hup
2016-11-28
2019-08-22
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Biau, Emmanuel & Salvador Soto-Faraco
    (2013) Beat gestures modulate auditory integration in speech perception. Brain & Language, 124, 143–152. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2012.10.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2012.10.008 [Google Scholar]
  2. Cameron, Hilary & Xu Xu
    (2011) Representational gesture, pointing gesture, and memory recall of preschool children. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 35, 155–171. doi: 10.1007/s10919‑010‑0101‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-010-0101-2 [Google Scholar]
  3. Childers, Jane B. & Michael Tomasello
    (2006) Are nouns easier to learn than verbs? Three experimental studies. In Kathy Hirsh-Pasek & Roberta M. Golinkoff (Eds.), Action meets word: How children learn verbs (pp.311–335). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170009.003.0013
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195170009.003.0013 [Google Scholar]
  4. Colavita, Francis B
    (1974) Human sensory dominance. Perception & Psychophysics, 16, 409–412. doi: 10.3758/BF03203962
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03203962 [Google Scholar]
  5. Cook, Susan Wager , Terina Kuangyi Yip , & Susan Goldin-Meadow
    (2012) Gestures, but not meaningless movements, lighten working memory load when explaining math. Language and Cognitive Processes, 27, 594–610. doi: 10.1080/01690965.2011.567074
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01690965.2011.567074 [Google Scholar]
  6. Fasolo, Mirco & Laura D’Odorico
    (2012) Gesture-plus-word combinations, transitional forms, and language development. Gesture, 12, 1–15. doi: 10.1075/gest.12.1.01fas
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.12.1.01fas [Google Scholar]
  7. Gentner, Dedre
    (1982) Why nouns are learned before verbs: Linguistic relativity versus natural partitioning. In Stan Kuczaj II (Ed.), Language development, Vol. 2: Language, thought and culture (pp.301–334). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Goldin-Meadow, Susan
    (2007) Pointing sets the stage for learning language and creating language. Child Development, 78, 741–745. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2007.01029.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01029.x [Google Scholar]
  9. Goodwyn, Susan W. , Linda P. Acredolo , & Catherine A. Brown
    (2000) Impact of symbolic gesturing on early language development. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 24, 81–103. doi: 10.1023/A:1006653828895
    https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006653828895 [Google Scholar]
  10. Hoff, Erika
    (2014) Language development. 5th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Hupp, Julie M
    (2015) Word learning and attention allocation based on word class and category knowledge. Infant and Child Development, 24, 44–61. doi: 10.1002/icd.1874
    https://doi.org/10.1002/icd.1874 [Google Scholar]
  12. Iverson, Jana M. & Susan Goldin-Meadow
    (2005) Gesture paves the way for language development. Psychological Science, 16, 367–371. doi: 10.1111/j.0956‑7976.2005.01542.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.01542.x [Google Scholar]
  13. Kirk, Elizabeth , Neil Howlett , Karen J. Pine , & Ben Fletcher
    (2013) To sign or not to sign? The impact of encouraging infants to gesture on infant language and maternal mind-mindedness. Child Development, 84, 574–590. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2012.01874.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01874.x [Google Scholar]
  14. Krönke, Klaus-Martin , Karsten Mueller , Angela D. Friederici , & Hellmuth Obrig
    (2013) Learning by doing? The effect of gestures on implicit retrieval of newly acquired words. Cortex, 49, 2553–2568. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.11.016
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2012.11.016 [Google Scholar]
  15. Leonard, Thomas & Fred Cummins
    (2011) The temporal relation between beat gestures and speech. Language and Cognitive Processes, 26, 1457–1471. doi: 10.1080/01690965.2010.500218
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01690965.2010.500218 [Google Scholar]
  16. Lozano, Sandra C. & Barbara Tversky
    (2006) Communicative gestures facilitate problem solving for both communicators and recipients. Journal of Memory and Language, 55, 47–63. doi: 10.1016/j.jml.2005.09.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2005.09.002 [Google Scholar]
  17. Lüke, Carina & Ute Ritterfeld
    (2014) The influence of iconic and arbitrary gestures on novel word learning in children with and without SLI. Gesture, 14, 203–224. doi: 10.1075/gest.14.2.04luk
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.14.2.04luk [Google Scholar]
  18. Macedonia, Manuela , Karsten Müller , & Angela D. Friederici
    (2011) The impact of iconic gestures on foreign language word learning and its neural substrate. Human Brain Mapping, 32, 982–998. doi: 10.1037/t23111‑000
    https://doi.org/10.1037/t23111-000 [Google Scholar]
  19. Marshall, Jane , Wendy Best , Naomi Cocks , Madeline Cruice , Tim Pring , Gemma Bulcock , Gemma Creek , Nancy Eales , Alice Lockhart Mummery , Niina Matthews , & Anna Caute
    (2012) Gesture and naming therapy for people with severe aphasia: A group study. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 55, 726–738. doi: 10.1044/1092‑4388(2011/11‑0219)
    https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2011/11-0219) [Google Scholar]
  20. McNeill, David
    (1992) Hand and mind. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Obermeier, Christian , Thomas Dolk , & Thomas Gunter
    (2012) The benefit of gestures during communication: Evidence from hearing-impaired individuals. Cortex, 48, 857–870. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2011.02.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2011.02.007 [Google Scholar]
  22. Orlansky, Michael D. & John D. Bonvillian
    (1985) Sign language acquisition: Language development in children of deaf parents and implications for other populations. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 31, 127–143.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Özçalişkan, Şeyda & Susan Goldin-Meadow
    (2005) Gesture is at the edge of early language development. Cognition, 96, 101–113. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2005.01.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2005.01.001 [Google Scholar]
  24. Perry, Lynn K. , Marcus Perlman , & Gary Lupyan
    (2015) Iconicity in English and Spanish and its relation to lexical category and age of acquisition. PLoS ONE, 10 (9), e0137147. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137147
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0137147 [Google Scholar]
  25. Pine, Karen J. , Lindsey Reeves , Neil Howlett , & Ben Fletcher
    (2013) Giving cognition a helping hand: The effect of congruent gestures on object name retrieval. British Journal of Psychology, 104, 57–68. doi: 10.1111/j.2044‑8295.2011.02098.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8295.2011.02098.x [Google Scholar]
  26. Riseborough, Margaret G
    (1981) Physiolographic gestures as decoding facilitators: Three experiments exploring a neglected facet of communication. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 5, 172–183. doi: 10.1007/BF00986134
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00986134 [Google Scholar]
  27. Roseberry, Sarah , Kathy Hirsh-Pasek , Julia Parish-Morris , & Roberta M. Golinkoff
    (2009) Live action: Can young children learn verbs from video?Child Development, 80, 1360–1375. doi: 10.1111/j.1467‑8624.2009.01338.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01338.x [Google Scholar]
  28. Roth, Wolff-Michael
    (2001) Gestures: Their role in teaching and learning. Review of Educational Research, 71, 365–392. doi: 10.3102/00346543071003365
    https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543071003365 [Google Scholar]
  29. Schwartz, Richard G. & Laurence B. Leonard
    (1984) Words, objects, and actions in early lexical acquisition. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 27, 119–127. doi: 10.1044/jshr.2701.119
    https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.2701.119 [Google Scholar]
  30. Sinnett, Scott , Charles Spence , & Salvador Soto-Faraco
    (2007) Visual dominance and attention: The Colavita effect revisited. Perception & Psychophysics, 69, 673–686. doi: 10.3758/BF03193770
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193770 [Google Scholar]
  31. So, Wing Chee , Colin Sim Chen-Hui , & Julie Low Wei-Shan
    (2012) Mnemonic effect of iconic gesture and beat gesture in adults and children: Is meaning in gesture important for memory recall?Language and Cognitive Processes, 27, 665–681. doi: 10.1080/01690965.2011.573220
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01690965.2011.573220 [Google Scholar]
  32. Spence, Charles
    (2009) Explaining the Colavita visual dominance effect. Progress in Brain Research, 176, 245–258. doi: 10.1016/S0079‑6123(09)17615‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6123(09)17615-X [Google Scholar]
  33. Thompson, Robin L. , David P. Vinson , Bencie Woll , & Gabriella Vigliocco
    (2012) The road to language learning is iconic: Evidence from British Sign Language. Psychological Science, 20, 1–6. doi: 10.1177/0956797612459763
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797612459763 [Google Scholar]
  34. Yap, De-Fu , Wing-Chee So , Ju-Min Melvin Yap , Ying-Quan Tan , & Ruo-Li Serene Teoh
    (2011) Iconic gestures prime words. Cognitive Science, 35, 171–183. doi: 10.1111/j.1551‑6709.2010.01141.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1551-6709.2010.01141.x [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/gest.15.3.04hup
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): attention allocation , gesture , nouns , verbs and word learning
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error