1887
Volume 15, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1568-1475
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9773
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) reportedly have difficulties in responding to bids for joint attention, notably in following pointing gestures. Previous studies have predominantly built on structured observation measures and predefined coding categories to measure children’s responsiveness to gestures. However, how these gestures are designed and what detailed interactional work they can accomplish have received less attention. In this paper, we use a multimodal approach to conversation analysis (CA) to investigate how educators design their use of pointing in interactions involving school-aged children with ASD or autistic features. The analysis shows that pointing had specific sequential implications for the children beyond mere attention sharing. Occasionally, the co-occurring talk and pointing led to ambiguities when a child was interpreting their interactional connotations, specifically when the pointing gesture lacked salience. The study demonstrates that the CA approach can increase understanding of how to facilitate the establishment of joint attention.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/gest.15.3.06din
2016-11-28
2019-11-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Adamson, Lauren B. , Duncan McArthur , Yana Markov , Barbara Dunbar , & Roger Bakeman
    (2001) Autism and joint attention: Young children’s responses to maternal bids. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 22 (4), 439–453. doi: 10.1016/S0193‑3973(01)00089‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0193-3973(01)00089-2 [Google Scholar]
  2. American Psychiatric Association
    (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 5th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Atkinson, J. Maxwell & John Heritage
    (1984) Transcript notation. In J. Maxwell Atkinson & John Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis (pp.ix–xvi). Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakeman, Roger & Lauren B. Adamson
    (1984) Coordinating attention to people and objects in mother–infant and peer–infant interaction. Child Development, 55, 1278–1289. doi: 10.2307/1129997
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1129997 [Google Scholar]
  5. Baron-Cohen, Simon
    (1989) Perceptual role taking and protodeclarative pointing in autism. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 7 (2), 113–127. doi: 10.1111/j.2044‑835X.1989.tb00793.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-835X.1989.tb00793.x [Google Scholar]
  6. Berger, Israel & John Rae
    (2012) Some uses of gestural responsive actions. Journal of Pragmatics, 44 (13), 1821–1835. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2012.04.012
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2012.04.012 [Google Scholar]
  7. Broekhof, Evelien , Lizet Ketelaar , Lex Stockmann , Annette van Zijp , Marieke G.N. Bos , & Carolien Rieffe
    (2015) The understanding of intentions, desires and beliefs in young children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45 (7), 2035–2045. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑015‑2363‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-015-2363-3 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bruinsma, Yvonne , Robert L. Koegel , & Lynn Kern Koegel
    (2004) Joint attention and children with autism: A review of the literature. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 10 (3), 169–175. doi: 10.1002/mrdd.20036
    https://doi.org/10.1002/mrdd.20036 [Google Scholar]
  9. Clifford, Sally & Cheryl Dissanayake
    (2009) Dyadic and triadic behaviours in infancy as precursors to later social responsiveness in young children with autistic disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39 (10), 1369–1380. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑009‑0748‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0748-x [Google Scholar]
  10. Dickerson, Paul , Penny Stribling , & John Rae
    (2007) Tapping into interaction: How children with autistic spectrum disorders design and place tapping in relation to activities in progress. Gesture, 7 (3), 271–303. doi: 10.1075/gest.7.3.02dic
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.7.3.02dic [Google Scholar]
  11. Dindar, Katja , Terhi Korkiakangas , Aarno Laitila , & Eija Kärnä
    (2016) Building mutual understanding: How children with autism spectrum disorder manage interactional trouble. Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders, 7 (1), 49–77. doi: 10.1558/jircd.v7i1.28228
    https://doi.org/10.1558/jircd.v7i1.28228 [Google Scholar]
  12. Dobbinson, Sushie , Michael R. Perkins , & Jill Boucher
    (1998) Structural patterns in conversations with a woman who has autism. Journal of Communication Disorders, 31 (2), 113–134. doi: 10.1016/S0021‑9924(97)00085‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9924(97)00085-3 [Google Scholar]
  13. Ekman, Paul & Wallace V. Friesen
    (1969) The repertoire of nonverbal behavior: Categories, origins, usage, and coding. Semiotica, 1 (1), 49–98. doi: 10.1515/semi.1969.1.1.49
    https://doi.org/10.1515/semi.1969.1.1.49 [Google Scholar]
  14. Enfield, Nick J. , Sotaro Kita , & Jan Peter de Ruiter
    (2007) Primary and secondary pragmatic functions of pointing gestures. Journal of Pragmatics, 39 (10), 1722–1741. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2007.03.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2007.03.001 [Google Scholar]
  15. Falck-Ytter, Terje , Elisabeth Fernell , Åsa Lundholm Hedvall , Claes von Hofsten , & Christopher Gillberg
    (2012) Gaze performance in children with autism spectrum disorder when observing communicative actions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42 (10), 2236–2245. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑012‑1471‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-012-1471-6 [Google Scholar]
  16. Gillberg, Christopher & Elisabeth Fernell
    (2014) Autism plus versus autism pure. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44 (12), 3274–3276. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑014‑2163‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-014-2163-1 [Google Scholar]
  17. Goodwin, Charles
    (1981) Conversational organisation: Interaction between speakers and hearers. New York: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. (1986) Gestures as a resource for the organization of mutual orientation. Semiotica, 62 (1/2), 29–50. doi: 10.1515/semi.1986.62.1‑2.29
    https://doi.org/10.1515/semi.1986.62.1-2.29 [Google Scholar]
  19. (2003) Pointing as situated practice. In Sotaro Kita (Ed.), Pointing: Where language, culture and cognition meet (pp.217–241). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. (2004) A competent speaker who can’t speak: The social life of aphasia. Journal of Linguistic Anthropology, 14 (2), 151–170. doi: 10.1525/jlin.2004.14.2.151
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlin.2004.14.2.151 [Google Scholar]
  21. (2014) The intelligibility of gesture within a framework of co-operative action. In Mandana Seyfeddinipur & Marianne Gullberg (Eds.), From gesture in conversation to visible action as utterance: Essays in honor of Adam Kendon (pp.199–219). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.188.10goo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.188.10goo [Google Scholar]
  22. Graham, Jean Ann & Michael Argyle
    (1975) A cross-cultural study of the communication of extra-verbal meaning by gesture. International Journal of Psychology, 10 (1), 57–67. doi: 10.1080/00207597508247319
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00207597508247319 [Google Scholar]
  23. Haviland, John B
    (2004) Gesture. In Alessandro Duranti (Ed.), A companion to linguistic anthropology (pp.197–221). Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Hayashi, Makoto
    (2005) Joint turn construction through language and the body: Notes on embodiment in coordinated participation in situated activities. Semiotica, 156, 21–53. doi: 10.1515/semi.2005.2005.156.21
    https://doi.org/10.1515/semi.2005.2005.156.21 [Google Scholar]
  25. Hindmarsh, Jon & Christian Heath
    (2000) Embodied reference: A study of deixis in workplace interaction. Journal of Pragmatics, 32 (12), 1855–1878. doi: 10.1016/S0378‑2166(99)00122‑8
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00122-8 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hobson, R. Peter
    (2005) What puts the jointness into joint attention?In Naomi Eilan , Christoph Hoerl , Teresa McCormack , & Johannes Roessler (Eds.), Joint attention: Communication and other minds. Issues in philosophy and psychology (pp.185–204). New York: Clarendon Press & Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0009
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199245635.003.0009 [Google Scholar]
  27. Jones, Emily A. , Edward G. Carr , & Kathleen M. Feeley
    (2006) Multiple effects of joint attention intervention for children with autism. Behavior Modification, 30 (6), 782–834. doi: 10.1177/0145445506289392
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445506289392 [Google Scholar]
  28. Kendon, Adam
    (1972) Some relationships between body motion and speech. An analysis of an example. In Aaron Siegman & Benjamin Pope (Eds.), Studies in dyadic communication (pp.177–210). Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press. doi: 10.1016/B978‑0‑08‑015867‑9.50013‑7
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-015867-9.50013-7 [Google Scholar]
  29. (1980) Gesticulation and speech: Two aspects of the process of utterance. In Mary Ritchie Key (Ed.), The relationship of verbal and nonverbal communication (pp.207–227). The Hague: Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. (2004) Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511807572
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511807572 [Google Scholar]
  31. Kidwell, Mardi
    (2005) Gaze as social control: How very young children differentiate “the look” from a “mere look” by their adult caregivers. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 38 (4), 417–449. doi: 10.1207/s15327973rlsi3804_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327973rlsi3804_2 [Google Scholar]
  32. Kidwell, Mardi & Don H. Zimmerman
    (2007) Joint attention as action. Journal of Pragmatics, 39 (3), 592–611. doi: 10.1016/j.pragma.2006.07.012
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2006.07.012 [Google Scholar]
  33. Korkiakangas, Terhi & John Rae
    (2013) Gearing up to a new activity: How teachers use object adjustments to manage the attention of children with autism. Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 29 (1), 83–103. doi: 10.3109/07434618.2013.767488
    https://doi.org/10.3109/07434618.2013.767488 [Google Scholar]
  34. (2014) The interactional use of eye-gaze in children with autism spectrum disorders. Interaction Studies, 15 (2), 233–259. doi: 10.1075/is.15.2.12kor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/is.15.2.12kor [Google Scholar]
  35. Korkiakangas, Terhi , Katja Dindar , Aarno Laitila , & Eija Kärnä
    (2016) The Sally–Anne test: an interactional analysis of a dyadic assessment. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/1460‑6984.12240
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1460-6984.12240 [Google Scholar]
  36. Leekam, Susan R. , Emma Hunnisett , & Chris Moore
    (1998) Targets and cues: Gaze‐following in children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39 (7), 951–962. doi: 10.1111/1469‑7610.00398
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00398 [Google Scholar]
  37. Lord, Catherine , Michael Rutter , Pamela C. DiLavore , & Susan Risi
    (2002) Autism diagnostic observation schedule (ADOS). Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Maestro, Sandra , Filippo Muratori , Maria Cristina Cavallaro , Chiara Pecini , Alessia Cesari , Antonella Paziente , Daniel Stern , Bernard Golse , & Francisco Palacio-Espasa
    (2005) How young children treat objects and people: An empirical study of the first year of life in autism. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 35 (4), 383–396. doi: 10.1007/s10578‑005‑2695‑x
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10578-005-2695-x [Google Scholar]
  39. Maljaars, Jarymke , Ilse Noens , Rianne Jansen , Evert Scholte , & Ina van Berckelaer-Onnes
    (2011) Intentional communication in nonverbal and verbal low-functioning children with autism. Journal of Communication Disorders, 44 (6), 601–614. doi: 10.1016/j.jcomdis.2011.07.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2011.07.004 [Google Scholar]
  40. Maynard, Douglas W
    (2005) Social actions, gestalt coherence, and designations of disability: Lessons from and about autism. Social Problems, 52 (4), 499–524. doi: 10.1525/sp.2005.52.4.499
    https://doi.org/10.1525/sp.2005.52.4.499 [Google Scholar]
  41. McArthur, Duncan & Lauren B. Adamson
    (1996) Joint attention in preverbal children: Autism and developmental language disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 26 (5), 481–496. doi: 10.1007/BF02172271
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02172271 [Google Scholar]
  42. McNeill, David
    (1985) So you think gestures are nonverbal?Psychological Review, 92 (3), 350–371. doi: 10.1037/0033‑295X.92.3.350
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X.92.3.350 [Google Scholar]
  43. (1992) Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Meindl, James N. & Helen I. Cannella-Malone
    (2011) Initiating and responding to joint attention bids in children with autism: A review of the literature. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32 (5), 1441–1454. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.02.013
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2011.02.013 [Google Scholar]
  45. Mondada, Lorenza
    (2007) Multimodal resources for turn-taking: Pointing and the emergence of possible next speakers. Discourse Studies, 9 (2), 194–225. doi: 10.1177/1461445607075346
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445607075346 [Google Scholar]
  46. (2014) Pointing, talk, and the bodies: Reference and joint attention as embodied interactional achievements. In Mandana Seyfeddinipur & Marianne Gullberg (Eds.), From gesture in conversation to visible action as utterance: Essays in honor of Adam Kendon (pp.95–124). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/z.188.06mon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.188.06mon [Google Scholar]
  47. Mundy, Peter , Christine Delgado , Jessica Block , Meg Venezia , Anne Hogan , & Jeffrey Seibert
    (2003) Early social communication scales (ESCS). Retrieved fromhealthsystem.ucdavis.edu/mindinstitute/ourteam/faculty_staff/ESCS.pdf
  48. Murphy, Keith M
    (2003) Building meaning in interaction: Rethinking gesture classifications. Crossroads of Language, Interaction, and Culture, 5, 29–47.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Muskett, Tom , Mick Perkins , Judy Clegg , & Richard Body
    (2010) Inflexibility as an interactional phenomenon: Using conversation analysis to re-examine a symptom of autism. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 24 (1), 1–16. doi: 10.3109/02699200903281739
    https://doi.org/10.3109/02699200903281739 [Google Scholar]
  50. Presmanes, Alison G. , Tedra A. Walden , Wendy L. Stone , & Paul J. Yoder
    (2007) Effects of different attentional cues on responding to joint attention in younger siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (1), 133–144. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑006‑0338‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0338-0 [Google Scholar]
  51. Sacks, Harvey , Emanuel A. Schegloff , & Gail Jefferson
    (1974) A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language, 50 (4), 696–735. doi: 10.1353/lan.1974.0010
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1974.0010 [Google Scholar]
  52. Schegloff, Emanuel A
    (1984) On some gestures’ relation to talk. In J.M. Atkinson & J. Heritage (Eds.), Structures of social action: Studies in conversation analysis (pp.266–296). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. (2007) Sequence organization in interaction: Vol. 1: A primer in conversation analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511791208
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791208 [Google Scholar]
  54. Sikveland, Rein Ove & Richard Ogden
    (2012) Holding gestures across turns: Moments to generate shared understanding. Gesture, 12 (2), 166–199. doi: 10.1075/gest.12.2.03sik
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.12.2.03sik [Google Scholar]
  55. Sowden, Hannah , Mick Perkins , & Judy Clegg
    (2011) The changing role of gesture form and function in a picture book interaction between a child with autism and his support teacher. In Gale Stam & Mika Ishino (Eds.) (2011), Integrating gestures: The interdisciplinary nature of gesture (pp.201–215). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing. doi: 10.1075/gs.4.17sow
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gs.4.17sow [Google Scholar]
  56. Sterponi, Laura & Alessandra Fasulo
    (2010) “How to go on”: Intersubjectivity and progressivity in the communication of a child with autism. Ethos, 38 (1), 116–142. doi: 10.1111/j.1548‑1352.2009.01084.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-1352.2009.01084.x [Google Scholar]
  57. Stivers, Tanya & Jack Sidnell
    (2005) Introduction: Multimodal interaction. Semiotica, 156 (1/4), 1–20. doi: 10.1515/semi.2005.2005.156.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/semi.2005.2005.156.1 [Google Scholar]
  58. Streeck, Jürgen
    (1993) Gesture as communication I: Its coordination with gaze and speech. Communications Monographs, 60 (4), 275–299. doi: 10.1080/03637759309376314
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03637759309376314 [Google Scholar]
  59. (2009) Forward-gesturing. Discourse Processes, 46 (2/3), 161–179. doi: 10.1080/01638530902728793
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01638530902728793 [Google Scholar]
  60. Tarplee, Clare & Emma Barrow
    (1999) Delayed echoing as an interactional resource: A case study of a 3-year-old child on the autistic spectrum. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 13 (6), 449–482. doi: 10.1080/026992099298988
    https://doi.org/10.1080/026992099298988 [Google Scholar]
  61. Tomasello, Michael
    (1995) Joint attention as social cognition. In Chris Moore & Philip J. Dunham (Eds.), Joint attention: Its origins and role in development (pp.103–130). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Tuononen, Katja , Terhi Korkiakangas , Aarno Laitila , & Eija Kärnä
    (2016) Zooming in on interactions: A micro-analytic approach examining triadic interactions between children with autism spectrum disorder and their co-participants. London: SAGE Publications Ltd. doi: 10.4135/978144627305015595395
    https://doi.org/10.4135/978144627305015595395 [Google Scholar]
  63. Wetherby, Amy M. , Nola Watt , Lindee Morgan , & Stacy Shumway
    (2007) Social communication profiles of children with autism spectrum disorders late in the second year of life. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (5), 960–975. doi: 10.1007/s10803‑006‑0237‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0237-4 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/gest.15.3.06din
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): autism spectrum disorder , conversation analysis , joint attention and pointing gestures
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error