1887
Volume 16, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1568-1475
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9773
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

This article focuses on a signed performance by a deaf Nepali man who communicates in natural sign, which is similar to home sign but with greater cross-signer conventionality. The signer skillfully employs pantomimic (“gestural”) and lexical (“linguistic”) repertoires for distinct pragmatic purposes. In the narrative frame, he uses pantomime to vividly enact his morning routine; in the metanarrative frame, he utilizes lexical signs to directly address the audience. By examining the two repertoires’ formal characteristics and their relationship to different frames, this analysis showcases the signer’s communicative competency, demonstrates the relevance of pragmatics and genre to studies of all signed communicative modes, and challenges the idea that gesture is what language leaves behind.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/gest.16.2.07gre
2018-01-12
2019-08-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bauman, H-Dirksen L. , Jennifer L. Nelson , & Heidi M. Rose
    (Eds.) (2006) Signing the body poetic: Essays on American Sign Language literature. Berkeley: University of California Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bechter, Frank
    (2005) Deaf narratives and ‘deaf life’: An integrated look. In Bryan K. Eldredge , Doug Stringham , & Minnie Mae Wilding-Diaz (Eds.), Deaf studies today: A kaleidoscope of knowledge, learning, and understanding (Conference Proceedings of Deaf Studies Today!2004 (pp.76–96). Orem: Utah Valley State College.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Coppola, Marie , & Elissa L. Newport
    (2005) Grammatical subjects in home sign: Abstract linguistic structure in adult primary gesture systems without linguistic input. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102 (52), 19249–19253. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0509306102
    https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0509306102 [Google Scholar]
  4. Cormier, Kearsy , Sandra Smith , & Zed Sevcikova Sehyr
    (2015) Rethinking constructed action. Sign Language & Linguistics, 18 (2), 167–204. doi: 10.1075/sll.18.2.01cor
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sll.18.2.01cor [Google Scholar]
  5. Cuxac, Christian & Marie-Anne Sallandre
    (2008) Iconicity and arbitrariness in French Sign Language: Highly iconic structures, degenerated iconicity and diagrammatic iconicity. In Elena Pizzuto , Paola Pietrandrea , & Raffaele Simone (Eds.), Verbal and signed languages: Comparing structure, constructs and methodologies (pp.13–33). Berlin: de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Edwards, Terra
    (2012) Sensing the rhythms of everyday life: Temporal integration and tactile translation in the Seattle Deaf-Blind community. Language in Society, 41, 29–71. doi: 10.1017/S004740451100090X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S004740451100090X [Google Scholar]
  7. Fillmore, Charles J.
    (1976) Frame semantics and the nature of language. InAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences: Conference on the origin and development of language and speech, 280 (1), 20–32. doi: 10.1111/j.1749‑6632.1976.tb25467.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1976.tb25467.x [Google Scholar]
  8. Fusillier-Souza, Ivani
    (2006) Emergence and development of signed languages: From a semiogenetic point of view. Sign Language Studies, 7 (1), 30–56. doi: 10.1353/sls.2006.0030
    https://doi.org/10.1353/sls.2006.0030 [Google Scholar]
  9. Goldin-Meadow, Susan & Carolyn Mylander
    (1990) The role of parental input in the development of a morphological system. Journal of Child Language, 17 (3), 527–563. doi: 10.1017/S0305000900010874
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0305000900010874 [Google Scholar]
  10. Graif, Peter
    (2012) Undeniable statements: Other minds and the intelligibility of deaf writing. Paper presented at theAmerican Anthropological Association Annual Meeting, San Francisco.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Green, E. Mara
    (2014) The nature of signs: Nepal’s deaf society, local sign, and the production of communicative sociality. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley.
  12. Haviland, John
    (2004) Evidential mastery. InProceedings of the 38th Annual Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, (pp.348–368).
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (Ed.) (2013) Where do nouns come from? (Special Issue: Gesture, 13 (3)).
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hoffmann-Dilloway, Erika
    (2011) Lending a hand: Competence through cooperation in Nepal’s deaf associations. Language in Society, 40, 285–306. doi: 10.1017/S0047404511000194
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404511000194 [Google Scholar]
  15. Hundley, Bethany
    (2011) Chasing Saraswati: Development of deaf education in Nepal. Unpublished PowerPoint presentation with notes, Fulbright Commission Nepal.
  16. Jakobson, Roman
    (1960) Closing statement: Linguistics and poetics. In Thomas A. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in language (pp.350–377). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press & New York: John Wiley & Sons.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Jepson, Jill
    (1991) Two sign languages in a single village in India. Sign Language Studies, 70, 47–59. doi: 10.1353/sls.1991.0016
    https://doi.org/10.1353/sls.1991.0016 [Google Scholar]
  18. Kendon, Adam
    (2014) Semiotic diversity in utterance production and the concept of ‘language’. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 369 (1651), 20130293. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2013.0293
    https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2013.0293 [Google Scholar]
  19. Khanal, Upendra
    (2012) Age-related sociolinguistic variation in sign languages, with particular reference to Nepali Sign Language. Unpublished paper, Indira Gandhi National Open University.
  20. Kisch, Shifra
    (2008) “Deaf discourse”: the social construction of deafness in a Bedouin community. Medical Anthropology, 27 (3), 283–313. doi: 10.1080/01459740802222807
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01459740802222807 [Google Scholar]
  21. (2012) Demarcating generations of signers in the dynamic sociolinguistic landscape of a shared sign-language: The case of the Al-Sayyid Bedouin. In Ulrike Zeshan & Connie de Vos (Eds.), Sign languages in village communities: Anthropological and linguistic insights (pp.87–125). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Nijmegen: Ishara Press. doi: 10.1515/9781614511496.87
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511496.87 [Google Scholar]
  22. Kusters, Annelies
    (2010) Deaf utopias? Reviewing the sociocultural literature on the world’s “Martha’s Vineyard situations”. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 15 (1), 3–16. doi: 10.1093/deafed/enp026
    https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enp026 [Google Scholar]
  23. Liddell, Scott K.
    (2000) Blended spaces and deixis in sign language discourse. In David McNeill (Ed.), Language and gesture (pp.331–357). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620850.021
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620850.021 [Google Scholar]
  24. Lillo-Martin, Diane & Richard P. Meier
    (2011) On the linguistic status of ‘agreement’ in sign languages. Theoretical Linguistics, 37 (3/4), 95–141.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. McNeill, David
    (1992) Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Meir, Irit , Wendy Sandler , Carol Padden , & Mark Aronoff
    (2010) Emerging sign languages. In Marc Marschark & Patricia Elizabeth Spencer (Eds.), Oxford handbook of deaf studies, language, and education, Vol.2 (pp.267–280). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Metzger, Melanie
    (1995) Constructed dialogue and constructed action in American Sign Language. In Ceil Lucas (Ed.), Sociolinguistics in Deaf communities (pp.255–271). Washington, DC: Gallaudet University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Morford, Jill P. & Judy A. Kegl
    (2000) Gestural precursors to linguistic constructs: How input shapes the form of language. In David McNeill (Ed.), Language and gesture (pp.358–387). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511620850.022
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620850.022 [Google Scholar]
  29. Morford, Jill P. & Susan Goldin-Meadow
    (1997) From here and now to there and then: The development of displaced reference in homesign and English. Child Development, 68 (3), 420–435. doi: 10.2307/1131669
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1131669 [Google Scholar]
  30. National Federation of the Deaf Nepal (NDFN)
    National Federation of the Deaf Nepal (NDFN) (1996) Nepāli sānketik bhāshā shabdakosh (pratham bhāg) / Nepali Sign Language dictionary (Book one).
    [Google Scholar]
  31. National Federation of the Deaf Nepal (NDFN)
    National Federation of the Deaf Nepal (NDFN) (2003) Nepāli sānketik bhāshā shabdakosh / Nepali Sign Language dictionary.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Nonaka, Angela M.
    (2009) Estimating size, scope, and membership of the speech/sign communities of undocumented indigenous/village sign languages: The Ban Khor case study. Language & Communication, 29 (3), 210–229. doi: 10.1016/j.langcom.2009.02.004
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2009.02.004 [Google Scholar]
  33. Nyst, Victoria
    (2012) Shared sign languages. In Roland Pfau , Markus Steinbach , & Bencie Woll (Eds.), Sign language: An international handbook (pp.552–574). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110261325.552
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110261325.552 [Google Scholar]
  34. Nyst, Victoria , Kara Sylla , & Moustapha Magassouba
    (2012) Deaf signers in Douentza, a rural area in Mali. In Ulrike Zeshan & Connie de Vos (Eds), Sign languages in village communities: Anthropological and linguistic insights (pp.251–276). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Nijmegen: Ishara Press. doi: 10.1515/9781614511496.251
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9781614511496.251 [Google Scholar]
  35. Padden, Carol A. , Irit Meir , So-One Hwang , Ryan Lepic , Sharon Seegers , & Tory Sampson
    (2013) Patterned iconicity in sign language lexicons. Gesture, 13 (3), 287–308. doi: 10.1075/gest.13.3.03pad
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.13.3.03pad [Google Scholar]
  36. Sallandre, Marie-Anne
    (2007) Simultaneity in LSF discourse. In Myriam Vermeerbergem , Lorraine Leeson , & Otto Crasborn (Eds.), Simultaneity in signed languages (pp.103–126). Amsterdam: Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/cilt.281.05sal
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.281.05sal [Google Scholar]
  37. Sandler, Wendy
    (2012) Dedicated gestures and the emergence of sign language. Gesture, 12 (3), 265–307. doi: 10.1075/gest.12.3.01san
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.12.3.01san [Google Scholar]
  38. Schembri, Adam , Caroline Jones , & Denis Burnham
    (2005) Comparing action gestures and classifier verbs of motion: Evidence from Australian Sign Language, Taiwan Sign language, and nonsigners’ gestures without speech. Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 10 (3), 272–290. doi: 10.1093/deafed/eni029
    https://doi.org/10.1093/deafed/eni029 [Google Scholar]
  39. Sutton-Spence, Rachel & Donna Jo Napoli
    (2010) Anthropomorphism in sign languages: A look at poetry and storytelling with a focus on British Sign Language. Sign Language Studies, 10 (4), 442–475. doi: 10.1353/sls.0.0055
    https://doi.org/10.1353/sls.0.0055 [Google Scholar]
  40. Sutton-Spence, Rachel & Penny Boyes Braem
    (2013) Comparing the products and the processes of creating sign language poetry and pantomimic improvisations. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 37 (4), 245–280. doi: 10.1007/s10919‑013‑0160‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10919-013-0160-2 [Google Scholar]
  41. Woodward, James
    (1996) Modern Standard Thai Sign Language, influenced from ASL, and its relationship to Original Thai Sign Language varieties. Sign Language Studies, 92, 227–252. doi: 10.1353/sls.1996.0012
    https://doi.org/10.1353/sls.1996.0012 [Google Scholar]
  42. (2000) Sign languages and sign language families in Thailand and Vietnam. In Karen Emmorey & Harlan Lane (Eds.), The signs of language revisited (pp.23–47). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Young, Katharine
    (2004) Frame and boundary in the phenomenology of narrative. In Marie-Laure Ryan (Ed.), Narratives across media: The languages of storytelling (pp.76–107). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Zeshan, Ulrike
    (2004) Interrogative constructions in signed languages: cross-linguistic perspectives. Language, 80 (1), 7–39. doi: 10.1353/lan.2004.0050
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2004.0050 [Google Scholar]
  45. (2006) Interrogative and negative constructions in sign languages. Nijmegen: Ishara Press. doi: 10.26530/OAPEN_453832
    https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_453832 [Google Scholar]
  46. (2011) Village sign languages: A commentary. In Gaurav Mathur & Donna Jo Napoli (Eds.), Deaf around the world: The impact of language (pp.221–230). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/gest.16.2.07gre
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/gest.16.2.07gre
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): communicative competency , deaf , genre , gesture , language , lexical , natural sign , Nepal , pantomime , performance and pragmatics
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error