Volume 17, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1568-1475
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9773
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes



Using recurrent gestures as the model, this essay considers how an inside-looking-out view of speech-gesture production reflects the interactive-social exterior. The inside view may appear to ignore the social context of speaking and gesture, but this is far from the truth. What an exterior view sees as important appears in the interior but in a different way. The difference leads to misunderstandings of the interior view and what it does. It is not a substitute for the exterior. It is the interior reflecting the social exterior and shaping it to fit its own demands. Topics are: recurrent gestures; gesture-speech co-expressivity; expunged real-world goals; “in-betweenness”; phenomenological “inhabitance” and material carriers; metaphoricity and imagery; social deixis and social relations; realizations of the self; world-views; and lastly the want of mutual outside and inside intellectual perceptions and what can be done about it.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Bowlby, John
    (1958) The nature of the child’s tie to his mother. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 39, 350–373.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Cienki, Alan & Cornelia Müller
    (2014) Ways of viewing metaphor in gesture. InCornelia Müller (Eds.), Body – language – communication (Vol.2, pp.1766–1781). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Cooperrider, Kensy
    (2017) Foreground gesture, background gesture. Gesture, 16, 176–202. 10.1075/gest.16.2.02coo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.16.2.02coo [Google Scholar]
  4. Jakobson, Roman
    (1960) Concluding statement: Linguistics and poetics. InThomas A. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in language (pp.350–377). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. James, William
    (1890) Psychology (Vol.1, Chap. IX: The stream of thought). New York: Holt.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Karmiloff-Smith, Annette
    (1979) Micro- and macrodevelopmental changes in language acquisition and other representational systems. Cognitive Science, 3, 91–118. 10.1207/s15516709cog0302_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog0302_1 [Google Scholar]
  7. Kendon, Adam
    (2004) Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511807572
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511807572 [Google Scholar]
  8. Kimbara, Irene
    (2006) On gestural mimicry. Gesture, 6, 39–61. 10.1075/gest.6.1.03kim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.6.1.03kim [Google Scholar]
  9. Kita, Sotaro
    (2000) How representational gestures help speaking. InDavid McNeill (Ed.), Language and gesture (pp.162–185). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511620850.011
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620850.011 [Google Scholar]
  10. Lakoff, George & Mark Johnson
    (1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Manning, H. Paul
    (2001) On social deixis. Anthropological Linguistics, 43, 54–100.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. McNeill, David
    (2015) Why we gesture. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (1979) The conceptual basis of language. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. (Reissued in 2014 inRoutledge Library Editions: Linguistics, London)
    [Google Scholar]
  14. (1992) Hand and mind: What gestures revieal about thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. (2012) How language began: Gesture and speech in human evolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139108669
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139108669 [Google Scholar]
  16. McNeill, David, Susan Duncan, Amy Franklin, James Goss, Irene Kimbara, Fey Parrill, Haleema Welji, Lei Chen, Mary Harper, Francis Quek, Travis Rose, & Ronald Tuttle
    (2010) Mind-merging. InEzequiel Morsella (Ed.), Expressing oneself / expressing one’s self: Communication, language, cognition, and identity (pp.143–164). New York: Psychology Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. McNeill, David & Claudia Sowa
    (2011) Birth of a morph. InGale Stam & Mika Ishino (Eds.), Integrating gestures: The interdisciplinary nature of gesture (pp.27–47). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: Benjamins. 10.1075/gs.4.04mcn
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gs.4.04mcn [Google Scholar]
  18. Mead, George Herbert
    (1974) Mind, self, and society from the standpoint of a social behaviorist. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Merleau-Ponty, Maurice
    (1962) Phenomenology of perception (trans.Colin Smith). London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Müller, Cornelia
    (2008) Metaphors dead and alive, sleeping and waking: A dynamic view. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226548265.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226548265.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  21. (2017) How recurrent gestures mean: Conventionalized contexts-of-use and embodied motivation. Gesture, 16, 276–303. 10.1075/gest.16.2.05mul
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gest.16.2.05mul [Google Scholar]
  22. (2018) Gesture and sign: Cataclysmic break or dynamic relations?Frontiers in Psychology, 9, Article 1651. 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01651
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01651 [Google Scholar]
  23. Özyürek, Aslı
    (2000) The influence of addressee location on spatial language and representational gestures of direction. InDavid McNeill (Ed.), Language and gesture (pp. 64–83). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511620850.005
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511620850.005 [Google Scholar]
  24. Silverstein, Michael
    (2003) Indexical order and the dialectics of sociolinguistic life. Language & Communication, 23, 193–229. 10.1016/S0271‑5309(03)00013‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0271-5309(03)00013-2 [Google Scholar]
  25. Simon, Herbert Alexander
    (1996) The sciences of the artificial (3rd Ed.). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Streeck, Jürgen
    (2009) Gesturecraft: The manu-facturing of meaning. Amsterdam & Philadephia: Benjamins. 10.1075/gs.2
    https://doi.org/10.1075/gs.2 [Google Scholar]
  27. Studdert-Kennedy, Michael
    (1994) A review of McNeill, D. (1992). Hand and mind: What gestures reveal about thought. Language and Speech, 37, 203–209.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Voloshinov, Valentin N.
    (1983) Discourse in life and discourse in poetry: Questions of sociological poetics. InAnn Shukman (Ed.), Bakhtin School papers (pp.5–30). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Vygotsky, Lev S.
    (1987) Thought and language. Ed. & trans. byEugenia Hanfmann & Gertrude Vakar (revised trans. & ed. byAlex Kozulin). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): mental interior; recurrent gestures; social exterior
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error