1887
Volume 44 Number 2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

In a letter to his friend Joan Serra, Lorenzo Valla (1407–1457) shows his contempt for medieval grammars, describing Alexander de Villa-Dei, Evrard de Béthune, Giovanni Balbi, and others as . Many traces of Valla’s polemics against medieval authors are woven into his linguistic works, in his .

The represent a monumental attempt to restore Latin to its original splendour after the so-called barbarities of the Middle Ages. Starting from its structure, this work adopts a completely different form compared with the systematic grammatical syntheses of the previous period. It functions as a series of thematic chapters united in the goal of denouncing earlier grammatical, lexical, syntactic, and interpretive usage and decisions. The chapters are built entirely on an expertly assembled collection of quotations. For Valla, only through consulting the best authors can a scholar reach the . In practical terms, however, is Valla truly able to reach this goal and break from the medieval tradition?

Beginning with this question, this paper focuses on Valla’s linguistic works, showing both their innovative and traditional facets. The most significant changes Valla proposes in his linguistic analysis – often presented by the author as a strong attack on medieval grammarians – are illustrated. Also, the paper clarifies the humanist’s inevitable debt to the tradition he scorns, particularly evident when considering his use of grammatical terminology.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/hl.00009.mar
2018-05-28
2019-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Doctrinale = See Villa-Dei 1893.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Nonius (Nonius Marcellus)
    Nonius (Nonius Marcellus) 1903De compendiosa doctrina libros XX. Ed. by Wallace A. Lindsay . Leipzig: B. G. Teubner.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Valla
    Valla, Ars = See Valla 1990.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Valla, Laurentius
    1962 “Elegantiae”. Opera omnia, vol.I. Ed. by Eugenio Garin . Turin: Bottega d’Erasmo.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 1970Collatio Novi Testamenti. Ed. by Alessandro Perosa . Florence: Sansoni.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 1981Antidotum in Facium. Ed. by Mariangela Regoliosi . Padua: Antenore.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 1984Epistole. Ed. by Ottavio Besomi , Mariangela Regoliosi . Padua: Antenore.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 1990L’arte della grammatica. Ed. by Paola Casciano . Rome-Milan: Fondazione Lorenzo Valla-Mondadori.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 1999De linguae latinae elegantia. Ed. by Santiago López Moreda . Caceres: Universidad de Extremadura.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 2007Raudensiane note. Ed. by Gian Matteo Corrias . Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 2009Emendationes quorundam locorum ex Alexandro ad Alfonsum primum Aragonum regem. Ed. by Clementina Marsico . Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Valla, Lorenzo
    2013Correspondence. Ed. by Brendan Cook . Cambridge, Mass.; London: The I Tatti Renaissance Library-Harvard University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Villa-Dei, Alexander
    1893Das Doctrinale des Alexander de Villa-Dei. Ed. by Dietrich Reichling . Berlin: Hofman & Company.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Amsler, Mark
    1993 “History of Linguistics, ‘Standard Latin’, and Pedagogy”. Historiographia Linguistica20.49–66. doi: 10.1075/hl.20.1.05ams
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hl.20.1.05ams [Google Scholar]
  15. Black, Robert
    2001Humanism and Education in Medieval and Reinassance Italy: Tradition and Innovation in Latin Schools from the twelfth to the fifteenth century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Camporeale, Salvatore I.
    1972Lorenzo Valla. Umanesimo e teologia. Florence: Istituto nazionale di studi sul Rinascimento.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Cerruti, Maria Grazia
    1992 “Gravis”. Studi Noniani14.7–49.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. De Nonno, Mario
    1990 “Le citazioni dei grammatici”. Lo spazio letterario di Roma antica, vol.III: La ricezione del testo. Ed. by Guglielmo Cavallo et al. , 597–646. Rome: Salerno.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Dictionary of Medieval Latin from British Sources 2013 Ed. by R. K. Ashdowne et al. . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Gavinelli, Simona
    1988 “Le Elegantie di Lorenzo Valla: fonti grammaticali e stratificazione compositiva”. Italia medioevale e umanistica31.205–247.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Harto Trujillo, María Luisa
    2009 “Las fuentas gramaticales de las Elegantie ”. Lorenzo Valla. La riforma della lingua e della logica. Atti del convegno del Comitato Nazionale VI centenario della nascita di Lorenzo Valla, Prato, 4–7 giugno 2008. Ed. by M. Regoliosi , 31–49. Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Law, Vivienne
    1987 “Late Latin Grammar in the Early Middle Ages: A Typological History”. The History of Linguistics in the Classical Period. Ed. by Daniel J. Taylor , 191–206. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/sihols.46.11law
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sihols.46.11law [Google Scholar]
  23. 2003The History of Linguistics in Europe. From Plato to 1600. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781316036464
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316036464 [Google Scholar]
  24. Lo Monaco, Francesco
    2009 “ Vulgus imperitum grammatice professorum. Lorenzo Valla, le Elegantie e i grammatici recentes ”. Lorenzo Valla. La riforma della lingua e della logica. Atti del convegno del Comitato Nazionale VI centenario della nascita di Lorenzo Valla, Prato, 4–7 giugno 2008. Ed. by Mariangela Regoliosi , 51–66. Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Marsh, David
    1979 “Grammar, method and polemic in Lorenzo Valla’s ‘Elegantiae’”. Rinascimento19.91–116.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Marsico, Clementina
    2009 “Sulle Emendationes del Valla al Doctrinale: indagine linguistica e proposte metodologiche”. Lorenzo Valla. La riforma della lingua e della logica. Atti del convegno del Comitato Nazionale VI centenario della nascita di Lorenzo Valla, Prato, 4–7 giugno 2008. Ed. by Mariangela Regoliosi , 323–346. Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 2013Per l’edizione delle Elegantie. Studio sul V libro. Florence: Firenze University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 2014 “Tra autobiografia e letteratura. Il proemio al V libro delle Elegantie lingue latine ”. Nel cantiere degli umanisti. Per Mariangela Regoliosi, vol.II. Ed. by Lucia Bertolini , Donatella Coppini , & Clementina Marsico , 875–895. Florence, Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. . 2018. “‘Talking about everything is a nearly infinite task’. Encyclopaedism and Specialisation in Lorenzo Valla’s Elegantie lingue latine ”. Renaissance Encyclopaedism: Studies in Curiosity and Ambition Ed. by Scott W. Blanchard , Andrea Severi , 59–106. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Percival, Keith W.
    1986 “Renaissance linguistics: the old and the new”. Studies in the History of Western Linguistics in Honour of R. H. Robins. Ed. by Theodora Bynon and Frank R. Palmer , 56–68. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Ramminger, Johann
    . Neulateinische Wortliste. Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700. Online resource: www.neulatein.de/words/start_h.htm.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Regoliosi, Mariangela
    2000 “Le Elegantie del Valla come ‘grammatica’ antinormativa”. Studi di grammatica italiana19.315–336.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. 2007 “ Nihil crescit sola imitatione. Il rapporto di Lorenzo Valla con la tradizione”. Munus quaesitum meritis. Homenaje a Carmen Codoñer. Ed. by Gregorio Hinojo Andrés & José Carlos Fernández Corte , 765–773. Salamanca: Universidad de Salamanca.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. 2008 “Per l’edizione delle Elegantie: proposte metodologiche”. Pubblicare il Valla. Ed. by Mariangela Regoliosi , 297–304. Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. 2010 “Cupidus docendi iuniores. Il programma culturale di Lorenzo Valla ”. Gli Antichi e i Moderni. Studi in onore di Roberto Cardini, vol.III. Ed. by Lucia Bertolini & Donatella Coppini , 1129–1167. Florence: Polistampa.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Rizzo, Silvia
    1997 “Il Valla e il progetto di un nuovo Doctrinale ”. Filologia umanistica. Per Gianvito Resta, vol.III. Ed. by Vincenzo Fera , Giacomo Ferraù , 1583–1612. Padua: Antenore.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 2002Ricerche sul latino umanistico. Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Tavoni, Mirko
    1986 “Lorenzo Valla e il volgare”. Lorenzo Valla e l’Umanesimo italiano. Atti del Convegno Internazionale di Studi Umanistici (Parma, 18–19 ottobre 1984). Ed. by Ottavio Besomi & Mariangela Regoliosi , 199–216. Padua: Antenore.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. 1990 “La linguistica rinascimentale”. Storia della linguistica, vol.II. Ed. by Giulio C. Lepschy , 169–312. Bologna: Il Mulino.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Tesoro della lingua Italiana delle Origini. Online resource: tlio.ovi.cnr.it/TLIO/
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/hl.00009.mar
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error