Volume 10, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARYThe paper addresses the question of when, and for what reasons, Tru-betzkoy gave up Jakobson's 1927 division of phonological oppositions into correlations and disjunctions. Martinet and Vachek have given their evidence. The study of Trubetzkoy's correspondence has enabled G.M. Era-mian (1978) to establish a more precise chronology. The case is reviewed, new material added to it, and the different hypotheses about the date of the event —not earlier than 1933 ; not later than 1935 — are discussed (§ 1). The event is linked to the practically simultaneous abandonment of the use of linguistic consciousness in phonological description, while the fact is stressed that the scarcity and brevity of the allusions to the weakness of Jakobson's early dichotomy before the end of 1935 point to a period of uncertainty on Trubetzkoy's part (§2). As new evidence the little-known classification of 'individualities' offered by Trubetzkoy in 1927 as an introctory piece to his collection of articles on the so-called 'Eurasian' movement is used. This complex classification foreshadows that of phonological oppositions, although there appears to be no possibility of directly transferring the 'Eurasian' categories into linguistics. In conclusion, the suggestion is made that Trubetzkoy was motivated by a kind of compulsion towards classifications and that this personal trait should be taken into account when dealing with this question (§3).RÉSUMÉQuand, et pour quelles raisons, Trubetzkoy a-t-il renoncé à la division jakobsonienne de 1927 des oppositions phonologiques en corrélations et disjonctions? Martinet et Vachek ont apporté leur témoignage. L'étude de la correspondance de Trubetzkoy a permis à G.M. Eramian (1978) de resserrer la chronologie. L'auteur de cet article rappelle les faits en ajoutant de nouveaux documents, et essaie d'expliquer les différents arguments sur la date— entre 1933 et 1935 (§1). Il rapproche cet événement de l'abandon presque contemporain du recours à la conscience linguistique dans la description phonologique (1933-34) tout en signalent que la rareté et la brieveté des citations touchant à la faiblesse de la dichotomie initiale suggèrent une période d'incertitude chez Trubetzkoy (§2). Il fait état d'une classification peu connue des 'individualités', donnée en tête d'un recueil d'articles de Trubetzkoy (1927) relatif au movement 'eurasien'. Cette classification complexe préfigure celle des oppositions phonologiques, sans qu'il soit possible de reporter directement les catégories 'eurasiennes' en linguistique. Il conclut à l'opportunité de prendre en compte une sorte de nécessité psychologique du classement chez Trubetzkoy(§3).


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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