Volume 12, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


SUMMARYMost of the early Arab grammarians were chiefly concerned with the description of language structure and particularly the problem of explaining the inflectional marks. Al-Jurjanf, in the fifth century AH/eleventh century AD, was the first among Arab grammarians to depart from earlier trend of linguistic analysis and to put forward a demonstrable theory for the study of language and grammar in terms of the interrelationships that bind the constituents of speech together. According to al-Jurjani, there are three types of relationships: syntactic relationships, semantic relationships, and the relationship between syntax and semantics. This paper contains a systematic account of these syntactic-semantic interrelationships in particular, and al-Jurjani's approach and methodology to language and grammar in general. Our investigation is based on an intensive study of the concepts of nazm (discourse arrangement) and tacliq (interrelationship) which al-JurjanT discussed with ample evidence and cogent reasoning in his major work Dala'il al-fjaz (Illustrations of the Inimitability [of the Qur'an]). A distinctive feature of this research is the effort made to show the connection between al-Jurjani's linguistic concepts and equivalent notions used in modern linguistics. The study concludes with an important fact; namely, that al-JurjanT was one of the frontier scholars to call for the study of language on the basis of syntactic-semantic functions and as a discipline independent of grammatical regents.RESUMELa plupart des grammairiens Arabes s'interessaient à la description de la structure des langues et, en particulier, au probleme de l'explication des signes d'inflexion. Au cinquieme siecle AH/XIe siecle A.D., al-Jurjani etait le premier des grammairiens Arabes a diverger de ce genre traditionnel d'analyse linguis-tique et a avancer une theorie pratiquable pour l'etude des langues et de la grammaire sous forme de rapports qui relient les constituants de la parole. Selon al-JurjanT, il existe trois genres de rapports: relations syntaxiques, relations semantiques, et relations entre la syntaxe et la semantique. Cette etude contient un recit systematique de ces rapports syntacto-semantiques en particulier, et l'approche et la methodologie d'al-Jurjanl envers la langue et la grammaire en general. Notre recherche est basee sur une etude pousse des concepts du nazm ('organisation du discours') et de tacliq ('interrelation') qu'al-Jurjanl a discute avec ample evidence et un raisonnement convaincant dans son ouvrage principal Dala'il al-Icjaz (Demonstrations de l'Inimitabilite [du Koran]). Un point distinctif de cette recherche c'est l'effort fait pour de montrer la connection entre les conceptions linguistiques d'al-Jurjanl et des notions equivalen-tes utilisees dans la linguistique moderne. L'etude termine sur un point important, a savoir qu'al-Jurjani etait un des premiers savants qui ont exige une etude de la langue basee sur les fonctions syntactiques-semantiques et comme une discipline independante des regents grammaticaux.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error