Volume 14, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARYBloomfield worked in both historical and synchronic linguistics. To the former, he contributed: (1) a large amount of work in specific fields; (2) scrutiny of the nature of historical linguistic investigation; and (3) an analysis of the phenomenon of linguistic change. In his Language (1933), he did not narrate the procedures involved in synchronic investigation, nor did he set forth the steps to be followed in analysis. In his exposition of the results of diachronic linguistics, his approach was one of respect and admiration for the achievements of nineteenth-century historical linguistics. Since he accepted the (often disputed) postulate of the regularity of sound-change, he defended it by indirect persuasion in setting forth the arguments by which it is confirmed. His view of the causation of phonological and morphological change is interpreted as an anticipation of later sociolinguistics. In so doing, he restated his predecessors' and his own insights, thereby rescuing them from the ministrations of their would-be defenders.RÉSUMÉBloomfield travailla dans la linguistique historique et dans la linguisti-que synchronique. A la premiere, il contribua: (1) une grande quantite de materiaux dans des champs specifiques; (2) l'examen de la nature des etudes historiques du langage; (3) une analyse du phenomene du changement linguistique. Dans son livre Language (1933), il n'enumera pas les procedes de l'investigation linguistique, ni les etapes a suivre dans l'analyse. En pre-sentant les resultats de la linguistique diachronique, l'approche de Bloom-field fut du a son respect et a son admiration pour les accomplissements de la linguistique historique du dix-neuvieme siecle. Puisqu'il acceptait le post-ulat (souvent dispute) de la regularity des changements phonetiques, il le defendit moyennant la persuasion indirecte, en presentant l'argumentation par laquelle il est confirme. L'auteur interprete les vues de Bloomfield sur les causes des changements phonologiques et morphologiques comme une anticipation de la sociolinguistique. En faisant ceci, Bloomfield reformula les aperÇus de ses predecesseurs et de lui-meme, de sorte qu'il les sauva des plaidoyers de ceux qui voulaient les defendre d'une faÇon maladroite.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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