1887
Volume 14, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

SUMMARYThe contribution of Hispanic grammarians to linguistic theory has been remarkable throughout the course of Western intellectual history. Of particular interest in the field of grammar is the notion of 'pronoun', the subject of the present article. Isidor of Seville is probably the first who — starting from the Commentaries of Sergius (fourth century A.D.) on the Grammar of Donatus — spelt out the concept of the pronoun as a stylistic device. Some 800 years later Antonio Nebrija (1442-1522) draws attention to problems connected with the article/pronoun opposition, which were considered in the work by Juan Claderón and Andres Bello in the 19th century, and studied in the 20th century by Hjelmslev and Postal, among others.This paper summarizes the reasons, at times contradictory, that led scholars like Cristóbal de Villalón, Sanctius, Jiménez Patón, Gonzalo Cor-reas, Bello, and others to exclude the pronoun from the list of parts of speech. Further, it discusses the intense labour carried out during the 19th century, on the one hand the controversy that raged within the Real Academica Espanola, and, on the other, the analysis proposed by Jaime Balmes (1810-1848). Balmes considered only personal pronouns as pronouns; in addition, he distinguished enunciation and utterance, established a person/non-person opposition, and attributed to personal pronouns the characteristic of what Jakobson termed 'shifters'. Finally, the work of Rodolfo Lenz is reviewed in which a large category of substitutes were proposed, leading to the establishment of 'pro-nouns', 'pro-adjectives', 'pro-adverbs', and 'pro-verbs'.RÉSUMÉLa contribution des grammairiens espagnols à la théorie linguistique a été remarquable tout au long de l'histoire. Dans cet article, je souligne tout particulièrement cet apport en ce qui concerne le pronom. C'est Isidore de Seville qui, partant des Commentaires de Serge (IVe siècle) sur la grammaire de Donat, a diffusé la notion de pronom en tant que procédé stylistique.Nebrija entrevoit les difficultés qu'offre l'opposition article/pronom, difficultés relevées plus tard par J. Calderón et A. Bello au XIXe siècle et étudiées à l'époque contemporaine par Hjelmslev et Postal, entre autres. Sont ici résumées également les raisons qu'invoquent Villalón — parfois contradictoires — Sanchez de Las Brozas, Jiménez Patón, Gonzalo Cor-reas, Andrés Bello, etc., pour exclure le pronom des parties du discours.Des intenses études grammaticales menées à bien durant le XIXe siècle je retiens, d'abord, la controverse au sein de l'Académie Espagnole, et ensuite, l'analyse de Jaime Balmes (1810-1848) qui, considérant comme pronoms les seuls pronoms personnels, différencie, par ailleurs clairement, le double plan énonciationl énoncé, l'opposition personne/non-personne et accorde aux pronoms personnels un certain caractère de embrayeurs. Ro-dolfo Lenz, enfin, relève et justifie une ample catégorie de substituts comprenant: les pro-noms, pro-adjectifs, pro-adverbes et pro-verbes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/hl.14.3.03zam
1987-01-01
2019-08-25
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/hl.14.3.03zam
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error