1887
Volume 15, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYIn the history of European linguistics the 16th century is known as the century in which the vernacular languages of the countries above the Alps and the Pyrenees were discovered as objects of language study. The first grammars of the Dutch language appeared in this period. The study of grammar of the Dutch language took place within the context of a continuation of the Latin trivium tradition in the vernacular. As a consequence the historiographer must take into account this context and the traditional relation of grammar to dialectic and to rhetoric respectively. The first complete trivium in Dutch appeared during 1584-87, the last one in 1648-49. In the period in between, several reprints and editions in the separate disciplines, appeared. The reason for continuation of the Latin trivium tradition in the vernacular should be explained from various circumstances. First, it was the only intellectual tradition on which the contributors to the Dutch trivium could draw. This explains for instance that the structure of the Dutch grammars is based on that of the Latin grammars. Second, Latin grammar was taken to fulfill a heuristic function in the exploration of the vernacular. Not only is the formal context of the Latin trivium model important, but also the historical pedagogical triad of ars, natura and exercitatio played an important role, especially with respect to the criteria of grammaticalness in the Dutch language. The history of the trivium was always strongly connected with the history of education. For this reason it is not surprising to see that the contributors to the Dutch trivium hoped that their work would replace the Latin school curriculum. This did not happen, however. Nevertheless, their work laid the foundations for the study of the Dutch language on which the 18th century grammarians were to build their monumental studies.RESUMEDans l'histoire de la linguistique europeenne, le XVIe siecle est connu comme le siecle dans lequel les langues vulgaires dans les pays au nord des Alpes et des Pyrenees etaient decouvertes comme objets de recherches grammaticales. Les premieres grammaires de la langue neerlandaise parais-sent dans cette periode. La description grammaticale de la langue neerlandaise se place dans le cadre d'une continuation d'une tradition ancienne dans la langue vulgaire: la tradition du trivium, c'est-a-dire l'unite de la grammaire, de la dialectique et de la rhetorique. Par consequence, l'histo-rien de la linguistique doit se rendre compte de ce cadre dans son etude des grammaires néerlandaises du XVIe et XVIIe siecles. Le premier trivium neerlandais complet parait entre 1584 et 1587, le dernier en 1648-49. Dans la periode intermediaire, plusieurs nouvelles editions de ces trivia et editions dans les domaines separes paraissent. La continuation de la tradition du trivium latin dans la langue vulgaire doit etre expliquee par des circon-stances differentes. Comme il n'y avait aucun autre modele la structure du trivium latin fait fonction de modele pour les auteurs neerlandais. Cela ex-plique par exemple pourquoi la structure classique de la grammaire neerlandaise est derivee de la grammaire latine. De plus, on fait usage de la grammaire latine comme moyen heuristique dans la decouverte du caractere de la langue vulgaire. A cote du modele du trivium latin comme cadre for-mel de la description de la langue neerlandaise, c'etait le systeme tripartite pedagogico-historique du ars, natura and exercitatio qui jouait un role important dans le choix des criteres pour la grammaticalite de la langue neerlandaise. L'histoire du trivium a toujours ete etroitement liee a l'histoire de l'enseignement. II n'est pas etonnant que les auteurs du trivium neerlandais esperaient que leurs travaux remplaceraient les livres de l'enseignement scolaire, ce qui n'etait jamais le cas a l'epoque. Mais leurs contributions ont jete les fondements pour les etudes monumentales de la grammaire du XVIIIeme siecle.
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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.15.1-2.05kli
1988-01-01
2019-10-18
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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