1887
Volume 15, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYThis paper presents an historical sketch of Dutch dialectology in a twofold perspective: the national perspective, in which dialectology is an integral part of the study of Dutch, and the international perspective, in which Dutch dialectology participates in international developments in the field. The period until 1880 has a clearly self-centered orientation; especially in the 19th century, dialects are viewed as a part of the national heritage. The German and French schools in linguistic geography are used as examples in the period of the emergence of scientific Dutch dialectology (1880-1930); after pioneering work at the turn of the century, it takes until the twenties before a good infrastructure for dialect research is built up. Two of the promotors from that period, Jac. van Ginneken (1877-1945) and Gesinus G. Kloeke (1887-1963), receive special attention for their remarkable sociolinguistic contributions to dialectology. The period 1930-1960 is one of consolidation and of fundamental reflections upon the history and the differentiation of Dutch, as can be seen from different types of studies (basic projects, regional dialect studies, diffusion studies, contact studies). The most recent period since 1960 again displays a more international character as is demonstrated with reference to structural, generative, and sociolinguistic dialect studies.RÉSUMÉCet article presente un aperçu, en deux perspectives, de l'histoire de la dialectologie neerlandaise: la perspective nationale dans laquelle la dialectologie fait partie des etudes du neerlandais, et la perspective internationale dans laquelle la dialectologie neerlandaise participe dans les developpe-ments internationaux de la discipline. Jusqu'en 1880, l'orientation etait ex-clusivement interieure: l'optique du XIXe siecle etait nationale et on consi-derait les dialectes comme faisant partie du patrimoine culturel de la nation. Entre 1880 et 1930, les ecoles allemande et françhise de la geographie linguistique servirent de modele a la dialectologie scientifique naissante dans les Pays Bas; les pionniers se situent a l'entree du siecle, mais il faudra attendre les annees vingt avant qu'on n'obtienne l'infrastructure requise pour la recherche dialectologique. Deux grands dialectologues de l'epoque, Jac. van Ginneken (1877-1945) et Gesinus G. Kloeke (1887-1963), ont ete ressortis ici pour leurs remarquables contributions sociolinguistique a la dialectologie. La periode de 1930 a 1960 est caracterisee par la consolidation professionelle et par la reflexion fondamentale sur l'histoire et sur la differentation de la langue neerlandaise; plusieurs genres d'etudes le de-montrent: grands projects descriptifs, etudes sur les dialectes regionaux, etudes sur la diffusion langagiere, sur les dialectes en contact, etc. La der-nière periode, depuis 1960, montre, de nouveau, une orientation plutot internationale; on y trouve des etudes de dialectologie structurale, generative et sociolinguistique.

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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.15.1-2.13hag
1988-01-01
2019-08-17
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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