Volume 17, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARYAmong the many forms that Priscian's grammatical argumentation takes, the recourse to the speech-act situation (i.e., to the pragmatic situation of the verbal communication) is of particular importance. Without exploring all the instances where a pragmatic argumentation is made use of, I examine only questions pertaining to 'person' (a term that signifies a grammatical category as well as a real person) — but not the neighbouring theme of transitivity — and questions concerning deixis (demonstratio). The imperative and the 'transposed' deixis (in epistolography) are also considered. By studying various texts of Priscian, I also try to show that this grammarian uses a conceptual framework which is sometimes contradictory; finally, when comparing Priscian on these very subjects with his principal source (Apollonius Dyscolus), it becomes clear how limited Priscian's claim to originality really is.RÉSUMÉDes nombreuses formes de l'argumentation grammaticale chez Priscien, celle qui est fondee sur l'acte de parole (situation pragmatique par excellence) occupe une place particulierement importante. Sans s'attacher a l'ensemble des domaines concernes, on examine seulement les questions relatives a la 'personne' (terme qui designe aussi bien une categorie grammaticale qu'un individu reel) — a l'exclusion de la transitivite — et celles qui concernent la deixis (demonstratio). On aborde en outre l'imperatif et la deixis transposee (dans l'epistolographie). L'etude de differents passages de Priscien montre que ce grammairien utilise une theorie qui n'est pas tou-jours exempte de contradiction; la comparaison avec sa source principale (Apollonios Dyscole), pour les sujets étudiés, fait apparaitre enfin, en quel-ques occasions, combien l'originalite que Priscien se reconnait est modeste.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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