1887
Volume 17, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYGeorge Cornewall Lewis (1806-1863) was a Liberal statesman who attained high office, but whose interest in the 'new philology' was maintained throughout his life, although he also wrote extensively on politics and history. His most interesting philological work is an Essay on the Formation of the Romance Languages (1835) which predates the more famous 4-volume Grammar, by Friedrich Diez (1794-1876), which appeared during 1836-1844, and which advances the hypothesis that a creolization process was responsible for the change of Latin to Romance, rejecting as unsubstantiated Diez's suggestion that a popular Latin was at the origin of the Romance languages. Lewis's work on Romance is placed in the context of the development of the study of modern languages at Oxford University, and of the 'new philology' which was gaining ground in intellectual circles in 19th-century Britain.RÉSUMÉGeorge Cornewall Lewis (1806-1863) etait un homme politique du parti liberal qui est devenu ministre dans le gouvernement anglais, mais qui neanmoins a retenu pendant toute sa vie un interet dans la 'nouvelle philo-logie'. II a écrit des ouvrages non seulement sur la politique et l'histoire mais aussi sur la linguistique dont le plus interessant est son Essay on the Formation of the Romance Languages (1835) publie avant la parution de la Grammatik romanischen Sprachen, en quatres volumes, de Friedrich Diez (1794-1876), parue en 1836-1844. Dans son Essai Lewis avance l'hypoth&se qu'un processus de créolisation a occasionne la transformation du latin en roman, et il rejette comme insoutenable la these de Diez qu'un latin popu-late était a l'origine des langues romanes. La composition du livre sur les langues romanes est placee dans le contexte du developpement de I'etude des langues modernes à l'Universite d'Oxford, et de la nouvelle philologie qui commenÇait a gagner du terrain dans la vie intellectuelle britannique du XIXe Stècle.

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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.17.3.05pos
1990-01-01
2018-09-19
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