Volume 5, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARY'Articulatory setting' is a modern term for the component of a speaker's voice quality that derives from a habitual muscular adjustment (such as tending to keep the tongue low in the mouth). The general concept of settings, as long-term tendencies underlying the momentary segmental and suprasegmental articulations of speech, however, has been the subject of discussion in writings on phonetics since the middle of the 17th century. The article explores aspects of the historical development of the concept, particularly with regard to the aspect of voice quality that characterizes the pronunciation of different languages, usually referred to as 'basis of articulation'. The writings of Wallis, Wilkins, Holder and Cooper in the 17th century, Bayly, Herries and Webster in the 18th, Sweet in the 19th, and Heffner, Honikman and Abercrombie in the 20th, are discussed.RÉSUMÉL'expression de 'disposition articulatoire' (articulatory setting) est une notion moderne désignant, chez un locuteur donné, la composante du timbre qui résulte des adaptations musculaires habituelles (par exemple la tendance à garder la langue en position basse). Le concept général de 'disposition', ou ensemble des tendances durables sous-jacentes aux articulations segmentales et suprasegmentales du discours, fait, en revanche, l'objet de discussion dans des écrits de phonétique depuis le milieu du XVIIe siècle. Le présent article explore certains aspects de l'histoire du concept, en particulier pour ce qui concerne le timbre caractéristique de la prononciation d'une langue généralement appelé 'base d'articulation'. Nous y passons en revue les écrits de Wallis, Wilkins, Holder et Cooper au XVIIe siècle, Bayly, Herries et Webster au XVIIIe, Sweet au XIXe, Heffner, Honikman et Abercrombie au XXe siècle.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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