1887
Volume 6, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYRudolf Meringer (1859-1931) published two large collections of speech errors, in 1895 and 1908. Although the idea that errors in spontaneous speech might be of linguistic interest did not originate with Meringer, he was the first to produce a large collection of error data and a detailed theoretical analysis of error phenomena. Contemporary reaction to Meringer's two speech error books is analysed in this essay. Firstly, direct comment at the time, which ranged from enthusiastic praise to dismissal of the project as trivial and uninteresting, is analysed; dismissive reactions, it is seen, came from those who were in any case Meringer's opponents on broader issues of theoretical orientation. The following section deals with the correctness of Meringer's analysis of error phenomena, which met its chief challenge at the time from Sigmund Freud's contention that speech errors were interesting for reasons not of linguistics but of individual psychopathology. Thirdly, Meringer's devotion to the observa-tional method is described; this led him into a controversy with contemporaries who preferred the research methods of experimental psychology.RÉSUMÉRudolf Meringer (1859-1931) a publie deux collections importantes d'erreurs de parole, le premier en 1895 et l'autre en 1908. Bien que l'idee selon laquelle les erreurs dans le discours spontane puissent etre d'un interet linguistique ne remonte pas a Meringer, c'est lui qui fut le premier a compiler une collection assez vaste de donne'es dans ce domaine et a en faire une analyse rigoureuse. Cet article discute surtout de la reaction aux ecrits de Meringer. On fait d'abord une analyse des commentaires directs de l'epoque qui vont de la louange enthou-siaste jusqu'au rejet du projet comme etant trivial; on remarque que les reactions negatives viennent de ceux qui etaient opposes a Meringer sur des questions plus vastes de linguistique theorique. La section suivante de l'article traite de l'exacti-tude de I'analyse des phenomenes d'erreur proposee par Meringer, analyse risquee et courageuse a l'epoque ou Sigmund Freud affirmait que les erreurs de la parole relevaient beaucoup plus de la psychopathologie individuelle que de la linguistique. L'article se termine avec une description de la methode empirique de Meringer, basee sur l'observation, source de controverse avec ceux qui pre-feraient les methodes de recherche de la psychologie experimentale.
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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.6.1.05cut
1979-01-01
2019-10-17
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References

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  • Article Type: Research Article
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