1887
Volume 6, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYThe article relates how the concept of cerebral dominance for the language faculty, i.e., the notion that one cerebral hemisphere (usually the left) is more important than its counterpart for language processing, evolved from the teachings of Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) and Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud (1796-1881), who localized the faculty of speech in the frontal lobes of the brain. It recounts the theories of Marc Dax (1770-1837), who was the first to realize that a lesion of the left hemisphere entails language disorders far more often than a lesion of the right hemisphere, and finally of Paul Broca (1824-80), who gave the theory of hemispheric dominance its cogency.RÉSUMÉA partir des travaux de Franz Joseph Gall (1758-1828) et de Jean-Baptiste Bouillaud (1796-1881), qui localisent la faculte de parole dans les lobes anté-rieurs du cerveau, de Marc Dax (1770-1837), qui fut le premier a se rendre compte qu'un lésion de l'hemisphère gauche entraine bien plus souvent des troubles phasiques qu'une lesion de l'hémisphère droit, et enfin de Paul Broca (1824-80), qui donna a la thèorie une forme pregnante, se développe la notion de dominance hémisphérique pour le langage, c'est-a-dire l'idée qu'un des deux hémispheres cérébraux, generalement le gauche, est plus important pour le langage que son homologue.

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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.6.3.03leb
1979-01-01
2019-08-18
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References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/hl.6.3.03leb
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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