1887
Volume 7, Issue 1-2
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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Abstract

SUMMARYThis paper argues that the 14th-century Oxford Carmelite Richard Lavenham was the author of the treatise De syncategorematibus that was used as a text-book in 15th-century Cambridge, a version of which was printed several times in the late 15th and early 16th centuries in the Libellus sophistarum ad usum Cantabrigiensium. The manuscript versions of this treatise differ significantly from one another and from the printed editions, so that the claim of Lavenham's authorship needs to be carefully considered. The evidence for this claim is described briefly. The identification of the De syncategorematibus in the Cambridge Libellus as Lavenham's provides the first real indication that Lavenham, whose works testify to the influence of other authors on logico-linguistic studies in late 14th-century Oxford, was himself not without influence as late as the early 16th century. On the other hand, the De syncategorematibus is not a very competent treatise, so that its inclusion as a textbook in the Libellus sophistarum is an indication of the decline of the logical study of language in England during this period. A brief analysis of the contents of the treatise supports this observation.RÉSUMÉRichard Lavenham,' carme oxonien du XlVe siecle, fut l'auteur du traite De syncategorematibus, utilise comme ouvrage de reference a Cambridge au XVe siecle et dont une version fut imprimee a plusieurs reprises a la fin du XVe et au debut du XVIe dans le Libellus sophistarum ad usum Cantabrigiensium — telle est la these du present article. D'un manuscrit a 'autre et des manuscrits aux editions imprimees, les divergences sont importantes: il faut donc proceder avec prudence pour affirmer la paternite de Lavenham. Le lecteur trouvera ici une breve presentation de ce qui etaie cette affirmation. Si le De syncategorematibus publie dans le Libellus de Cambridge est donc bien de Lavenham, nous avons pour la premiere fois une indication concrete que Lavenham, dont les ouvrages temoignent de l'influence de plusieurs autres auteurs sur les etudes logico-linguistiques a Oxford a la fin du XlVe siecle, ne fut pas lui-meme sans influence jusque vers le debut du XVIe siecle. D'un autre cote', le De syncategorematibus n'est pas un traite d'une tres grande competence: son admission en tant qu'ouvrage de reference dans le Libellus sophistarum est donc un indice du declin de l'e'tude logique du langage en Angleterre a cette epoque. Cette observation se confirme quand on analyse brievement le contenu du traité.
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/content/journals/10.1075/hl.7.1-2.19spa
1980-01-01
2019-10-16
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References

http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/hl.7.1-2.19spa
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  • Article Type: Research Article
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