Volume 8, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0302-5160
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9781
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SUMMARYGonzalo Correas (c. 1570-1631) publishes his Ortografia kastellana in 1630. In this proposal at an orthographic reform of Spanish Correas refers regularly to Antonio de Nebrija's (1444-1522) Gramatica castellana (1492), on the one hand, and Mateo Aleman's Ortografia castellana (1609), on the other. Although he shows a certain respect for his predecessors, Correas does not fail to note a lack of rigour and ambiguities resulting from this lack. He strives for more precision than his predecessors who had limited their analysis to merely descriptive phonetic detail, he clearly departs from the Latin tradition, and rejects the etymological approach to orthography. Correas starts off with an analysis of the phonological system of the language of his time in order to propose an orthography that is both coherent and transparent, something which also signals his pedagogical concerns. In order to arrive at a one-to-one correspondence between pronunciation and graphic representation, he does not spare any effort to find an adequate sign system. He proposes altogether 25 letters to represent the 25 types of sound he had identified, fully in accordance with the economy principle which requires that one sign represents one and only one type of sound and vice versa. This alphabetical system constitutes an adaptation of the already existing alphabet. During a generally precise and rigorous discussion Correas justifies the suppression of certain redundant signs, the use of certain letters with new values, and the introduction of ligatures. On the other hand, he undertakes the elaboration of a new alphabetical order divested of any arbitrariness by establishing a hierarchy of letters in which distributional criteria play a primordial role. In effect, if abstraction is made of certain debatable points, the argument as a whole is coherent and rigorous, to the extent that it could be said that his proposals, if adopted, could have improved considerably Spanish orthography. The elaboration of his alphabetical system makes him a theorist of considerable stature.RÉSUMÉEn 1630 Gonzalo Correas (c. 1570-1631) fait paraitre un traite ou il expose un projet de reforme de l'orthographe espagnole: Ortografia kastellana. Cet ouvrage s'en refere constamment d'une part a la Gramatica Castellana (1492) de Antonio de Nebrija (1444-1522), qui faisait alors autorite, et d'autre part a l'Ortografia castellana (1609) de Mateo Aleman. Malgre le respect qu'il mani-feste a leur egard, Correas ne manque pas de denoncer, chez chacun d'eux, une certaine absence de rigueur et les ambiguites qui en resultent. Alors que ses predecesseurs se limitaient a une analyse phonetique descriptive, Correas a une approche plus precise des donnees linguistiques. II prend ses distances par rapport a la tradition latine, il refuse l'orthographe etymologisante. Correas part d'une analyse du systeme phonologique de la langue de son epoque pour proposer une orthographe a la fois coherente et claire - ce qui denote aussi des preoccupations d'ordre pedagogique. II s'efforce done de trouver un systeme de signes ecrits parfaitement adequats a representer le systeme des sons, pour aboutir a une correspondance totale entre prononciation et ecriture. Obeissant a ce principe d'economie du systeme — un signe graphique et un seul pour cha-que 'Lauttyp', un 'Lauttyp' et un seul pour chaque signe graphique — il transcrit les 25 'Lauttypen' qu'il a recenses par 25 lettres. Cet alphabet se presente com-me une adaptation de l'alphabet preexistant. Au cours d'une argumentation generalement precise et rigoureuse, Correas justifie la suppression de certains signes redondants, l'utilisation de certaines lettres avec une valeur nouvelle, 1 introduction de ligatures. D'autre part, Correas tente d'elaborer un ordre al-phabetique nouveau, denue de tout arbitraire, en etablissant une hierarchie des lettres ou des criteres distributionnels jouent un role primordial. Si l'on fait abstraction de quelques points de detail contestables, l'ensemble est parfaitement coherent et rigoureux. Les principes adoptes par Correas dans l'elabora-tion et l'agencement de son alphabet font de lui un theoricien conscient des problemes linguistiques dont les travaux auraient pu aboutir a une amelioration optima de l'orthographe.

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  • Article Type: Research Article
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